Parents help the children develop their first language. In addition, Krashen (1982:10) explains about language acquisition: “The first way language acquisition, a process similar, if not identical, to the way children develop ability in their first language. Language acquisition is a subconscious process; language acquirers are not usually aware of the fact that they are acquiring language, but are only aware of the fact that they are using the language for communication. The result of language acquisition, acquired competence, is also subconscious. We are generally not consciously aware of the rules of the languages we have acquired.
However to which extent age is an important factor still remains an open question. A plethora of elements can influence language learning: biological factors, mother tongue, intelligence, learning surroundings, emotions, motivation and last but not least: the age factor. Lenneberg´s critical period hypothesis (1967) suggests that there is a biologically determined period of life when language can be acquired more easily. Beyond this time a language is more difficult to acquire. According to Lenneberg, bilingual language acquisition can only happen during the critical period (age 2 to puberty).
They don’t recognize the second language as foreign, but they use both as native depending on the situation. On the other hand, adults have already their native language backed up in their brains and in order to learn something new they have to put a lot of effort because it is harder for the brain to learn on purpose. For example, think of a song that you have heard recently and unconsciously you have learned the lyrics. Although you didn’t put any effort, the song is in your head. Now think of a lesson for school you tried so hard to learn but still you tend not to memorize.
Everyone, including the author of this essay, agrees that the childhood in question can be more pleasant, but the psychological effects of the childhood are not ideal in the workplace (Paras). This generation is growing up around new technology and parents who do not have the experience or the skills necessary to deal with those pressures. Raising a child in a new era of discovery is hard and the millennials are being taught without technology; by adding it to the equation without proper training it is going to lead to the misuse of technology. Instead to trying to combat technology entirely, it is rational to incorporate into parenting, so that a millennial can grow up with technology as an option, not an
According to an article by John Baker of The Huffington Post, “...How to create, how to invent, how to solve a problem, how to continually learn...” are skills that employers of modern organizations will be looking for and that should be nurtured from an early age. However, from an early age, we are taught the opposite; how to conform to a standard of what is “normal”. Creativity has become an increasingly crucial skill in the modern working world, but with a number of notable exceptions (such as Gifted and Talented and Advanced Placement (AP) classes), this crucial skill is not taught and nurtured from an early age. Rather, you are simply told to “do what you’re told to do”. Rather, you are simply told to “listen to the adult” and that the adult has a higher amount of knowledge than students at all times.
In his book “The Oral Method of Teaching Languages”, he emphasizes that ‘going among the natives’ and ‘mixing with them’ is one of the most important fact to get improved your skills. It is true that a pupil who learns a foreign language outside that country finds it harder than someone who lives surrounded by the native speakers. Therefore Palmer thought that anybody who starts learning a foreign language, should start as like a baby does in its critical period (starts from around 2 years up to teenager). Same as the Direct method, Palmer also claimed that all the instructions, work should be done by the target language but, he refused to teach grammar in the early ages of learning. What he thought was, first the pupil should get used to the language by listening and communicating.
The first theory is "universal grammar" which generated by Chomsky. It described as a specialized module of the brain, pre-programmed to process language. Also, it had an old name called ' 'language acquisition device ' ' referred to that children have an innate language faculty. However, universal grammar does not work for older learners, because their device is getting older. As a result, they may face problems and difficult more than younger learners.
In the context of the increasing globalization of the communication trade, the new science is all in English, and the lack of familiarity with this language means to the lack of life in modern world. As we know Contrary to adolescence that learning foreign languages is done consciously, in childhood, language learning is a natural process. As the world progresses, it can no longer be said that learning English is quick for children. According to Babajide Gboyega and Oluranti Idiat (2014, p. 172),"Early Childhood Education is very essential in the life of a child’s hence the recent focus on its desirability across the globe. It provides for
No student should be considered as qualified for a degree in particular a Masters degree unless he has acquired a reasonable proficiency in English. Though the Educational Board of India has endorsed a lot of systems to improve the communicative skill of English among Indian students the position of English is still pulled down to the third place. The expected improvement is still not possible for Indian students. To them English is very complicated to learn as a second language Vocabulary building through teaching Just like grammar, vocabulary – building is another most important aspect of language learning. In reality without the knowledge of vocabulary, nobody can speak or write that language correctly.
In L1 acquisition individuals do not have a choice but learn the language of their surrounding environment, however when it comes to Second Language Acquisition (SLA), it is better for people to commence the process at a younger age, as it would be easier for them to absorb and store information and grammatical rules. It has been proven that the period of puberty, around 12 or 13 years of age, is vital for the acquisition of language. After their teenage years it is difficult even infeasible for people to attain a second language with the same degree of competence as the one in the first language acquired, which has an impact on the proficiency levels of an individual (Raymond Hickey, English Linguist. Campus