A natural disaster is adverse event happening from the processes of the earth. At the year 2012 there were nine hundred and five natural disasters happening. Overall the cost was US$170 billion then they suffered a $70 billion loss.. There many types of natural disasters such as landslide, avalanche, drought, wildfire, flood, tsunami, volcanic eruption, tornado, earthquake, hurricane and many more. A landslide involves elements of the ground, including rocks and anything else which may happen to be swept up.
Floods are natural phenomena. They can, however, turn into disasters causing widespread damage, health problems and even deaths. This is especially the case where rivers have been cut off from their natural floodplains, are confined to man-made channels, and where houses and industrial sites have been constructed in areas that are naturally liable to flooding. (ICPDR, 2013) The international community is very active in participating the climate change program. Climate Change is a big issue because it is a global issue and the cooperation of every nation is a must.
Nepal is a mountainous country where more than 70 percent of land covered by hill, high hill and mountains. Due to the geological condition of Nepal, Many natural disasters like Landslide, Flood, Earthquake, Avalanche, etc.) Occur in every year, resulting enormous casualties and huge economic losses in Nepal. Landslide is major disasters in Nepal. There are so many reasons to expose landslide risks like high poverty, increasing deforestation, bad agricultural practices in hill and sloppy area and lack o f public awareness.
The two major causes of flood are natural and man-made. Some of the natural causes are heavy rainfall and overflowing of the flood ways that leads to continuous flooding. Also, flooding can’t only bring severe damage to the structures, it can also kill trees and herbal plants that we need in our lives (Devalsam, 2011). Lu (2012) stated that large area of soil looses certain amount of topsoil because of two reasons, first is erosion and the other is heavy flooding. Flood causes some amount of topsoil to lose.
Introduction Floods, prevention and treatment Humanity is vulnerable to all kinds of natural disasters. Some physical phenomena at least in the world that hosts us is floods, fires, landslides, volcanoes, earthquakes and all climate changes on our planet. Disasters cause not only the loss of human lives, but also losses of billions of euro amount annually. Estimates of future costs and benefits shows that every dollar spent on a flood protection avoidable losses of six euro. In the period 1980-2011 only floods caused over 2,500 deaths, affected more than 5.5 million people and caused direct economic losses of more than 90 billion euro.
Flood disaster is the one example of the natural disaster. According to Mohammad Abdul Mohit et al. (2013), floods are the most significant natural disaster that affect 4.9 million people and inflict damage worth of several million every year in Malaysia. Mohamad Sukeri Bin Khalid et al. (2015) was state that the average rainfall in Malaysia at every state is approximately 2,500 mm a year and it making Malaysia as the one of the countries with the heaviest rainfall in the world.
But, the Philippines is the heavily affected country by these typhoon that brings up to loss of human life, extensive damage to property and loss of livelihood of individuals. Cause of Flood. There are large number of studies of natural disaster such as flood states that flood is the major problem in different countries, specifically here in the Philippines that can harm our properties and our everyday lifestyle. According to Evans (2011) he stated that in weather disaster, it’s was unpredictable when will it happen, whether sooner or later no one knows. Weather disasters includes hurricanes, tornadoes, flashfloods, extreme cold and extreme heat weather that can affect our body temperature which is climate change and also floods is the most various problem here in the Philippine when it comes to weather disasters.
3. Review of Literature 3.1 Natural disasters Natural disasters are sudden massive damage causing events with atmospheric, geologic, and hydrologic origins. These disasters include landslides, earthquake, floods, tsunami, volcanic eruptions, landslides, road accidents and drought. Since 2 decades, natural disasters have killed millions of people and affected the lives of at least 1 billion more people, and resulted in substantial economic crises (Watson et al., 2007). Developing countries are disproportionately affected as they lack resources, infrastructure, and disaster-preparedness systems. Deaths associated with natural disasters, especially in rapid-onset disasters, are overwhelmingly due to blunt trauma, crush-related injuries, or drowning.
Any disaster, a hurricane, tornado, wildfire, or landslide brings chills to one’s ears and is all the more reason for a call to action. Natural disasters have had a negative impact on poverty-stricken individuals for years. A natural disaster is defined as a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth. These catastrophes have also contributed