Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, droughts, volcanic eruptions, and landslides constitute a major problem in many developing and developed countries. Many nations experienced fatalities and injuries, property damage, and economic and social disruption resulting from natural disasters. Flood disaster has a very special place in natural hazards. In The Gambia (West-Africa), floods have been a major natural hazard, affecting the country over the last decade. Floods and windstorms have affected nearly 34,000 people during the rainy season between September and October 2012 and almost 20% (7,745 people) of the affected population were displaced while 13 people were reported to have died either through drowning or by collapsed structures.
It is thought to have created a great deal of problems within today's society. One big effect of global warming is extreme weather conditions and more natural disasters. Scientific evidence has been shown that global warming is increasing the probability of droughts, hurricanes, heat waves, coastal flooding, and extreme precipitation. Some areas of the world are receiving heavy rainfall. In 2007, extremely heavy rainfall caused floods across South Asia and over twenty million people were affected by the floods as well as 250 people were killed.
(“7 million,” 2014, para. 7). Air pollution is mainly common in developing countries from the extensive amount of industrialization and urbanization that is taking place. Poorer countries and communities cannot afford the ability to protect themselves, which is why there is so much suffering in these communities. In China alone, life expectancies are about 5.5 years lower than the United States because of the cardiovascular and respiratory mortality (Chen, Eventstin, Greenstone, & Li, 2013, para.
Majority of people of India died because of the famines occurred in India. In the second half of 19th century, India was at the period of famines. At this time India was just associated with the world economy. Sudden crisis and people were starving. Famine of 1873 Bihar, The great Bombay famine 1876-8, famine of 1896-7 and 1899-1900, Bengal 1790-2 and 1943, Orissa 1866, killed millions of people.
USING ARCGIS TO ASSESS THE IMPACT OF TYPHOON No. 8 IN TINH GIA, THANH HOA, VIETNAM 1. Introduction 1.1. Problem statement With 3,440 kilometers of coastline, Vietnam has to face with a wide range of natural disasters including typhoons, floods and drought every year. About 70 percent of the population and 60 percent of area of land are vulnerable to disasters.
Furthermore, the Philippine’s geographical structure, being an archipelago, increases the potentials of storm formation that produces heavy rains and eventually lead to flash floods. Another factor contributing floods is the lack of discipline of the Filipinos in disposing their garbage; hence, clogging drainages and sewerage systems leads to worse scenario. One of the highest death tolls has reached to 1268 during the flood that has occurred in the Philippines caused by Tropical Storm Sendong on 2011 and another is the 2006 Southern Leyte Mudslide that has killed 1144 people due to heavy rain. Widespread flooding occurred in the eastern part of the Philippines since late December 2010. The Visayas and the Bicol and Caraga regions have been mainly affected by unusually heavy rains.
Aside from the obvious danger that natural disasters present. Typhoons, hurricanes and tsunamis often cause severe flooding, which can result in the spread of waterborne bacteria and malaria. After natural disasters, food can become scarce. Thousands of people around the world go hungry as a result of destroyed crops and a loss of agricultural supplies. The impacts of hunger following an earthquake, typhoon or hurricane can deadly.
NATURAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT At regular but unpredictable intervals, people around the world are affected by natural hazards. These may be caused by climate (eg drought, flood, cyclone), geology (eg earthquake, volcano, tidal wave, landslide), the environment (eg pollution, deforestation, desertification, pest infestation) or combinations of these. Hazards become disasters when people 's homes and livelihoods are destroyed. Poverty, population pressures and environmental degradation mean that increasing numbers of people are vulnerable to natural hazards. Increasing population and urbanization is increasing the world 's exposure to natural hazards, especially in coastal areas (with greater exposure to floods, cyclones and tidal waves).
Various disasters like earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, floods, blizzards, tsunamis, and cyclones are covered under the scope of the term natural disaster. Human Instigated Disaster is also known as the complex emergency and is the disaster caused due to major happenings such as fires, oil spill, breakdown of authority, looting, wars etc. DISASTERS IN INDIA OVER A DECADE- AT A GLANCE India has faced some of the most destructive disasters in past decade which can be named as under: NAME OF THE EVENT YEAR AREA Cyclone “Vardah” 2016 Chennai Floods 2014 J&K Cyclone “Hud Hud” 2014 Andhra Pradesh Odisha Floods 2013
The impact of flood (2010) on productivity of major crops in Sindh, Pakistan INTROCUCTION A Natural disaster is an adverse and unpredictable event which generates from the natural processes of earth causes great economic, property and life damages, it includes Earthquakes, Droughts, Storms, Tsunamis, cyclones, Volcanic eruptions etc. The severity of natural disaster is function of the affected people’s resilience (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_disaster). Flood is one of them most destructive natural disaster, which results from the excessive water level in rivers and lakes, it is a natural phenomenon flashed by high annual rainfall, dam failure, tsunamis or melting of the glacier due to global warming. Floods also associated with increasing demographic pressure and economic development which always resulted land degradation and encroachment. Total floods in the world responsible for 84% of all disaster related deaths between 2000 and 2005, and disaster associated losses of 65% between 1992 and 2001 (ADB, 2009).