Each year around 12 to 14 hurricanes occur in the United States. Hurricanes are natural disasters that form by the equator and can cause massive distruction.Hurricanes are not like other natural occurences that can be beautiful like volcanic lighting or the Northern lights. Hurricanes are very powerful winds that can kill thousand of people. They also put many people in poverty becasue they destroy many homes. The month of September, in 1928 the Okeechobee hurricane affected many areas, destroyed residents homes and killed many innocent people in the process of its destruction.
Introduction The definition of natural disasters is any catastrophic event that is caused by nature or the natural processes of the earth. The severity of a disaster is measured in lives lost, economic loss, and the ability of the population to rebuild. All natural disasters cause loss in some way. Fields saturated in salt water after tsunamis take years to grow crops again. Homes destroyed by floods, hurricanes, cyclones, landslides and avalanches, a volcanic eruption, or an earthquake are often beyond repair or take a lot of time to become livable again.
The death toll from floods rain leave thousands people homeless. The National Disaster Management Authority said the flooding has affected more than 800,000 people in 2,275 villages. About 2,900 houses have collapsed or are partially damaged. Flood storms cause damage to agriculture, as well as other things. Floods damage fertile land, agricultural crops and also carry away the rich soil that making the land
Billions of dollars were lost and many citizens jobs were affected from the collapse. Several companies had to lay off huge amounts of employees. The economy was on the brink of disaster. By 1933, nearly half of America 's banks had failed, and
There are so many reasons to expose landslide risks like high poverty, increasing deforestation, bad agricultural practices in hill and sloppy area and lack o f public awareness. The vulnerable groups such as poor people, women, children , the elderly and people with disabilities have the minimal adaptive capacity to bear the risk (few, 2003, ICIMOD, 2012). In Nepal, landslide and floods directly affect to the people about 260 people are died and 30,000 families are affected in each year. There has been an average loss about 788 million Nepalese Rupees due to natural disaster ( Bhandary et al, 2013). Also, 2 percent of GDP is lost every year by a major disaster in Nepal.
The situation of disaster in Viet Nam Vietnam is one of four countries which has a big impact of harsh weather phenonmena in recent two decade . In each year of Vietnam, there are 466 people died and lost over 1.5 million USD equal to 1.5% of GDP. In addition, nowadays, the development of disaster become more complex without any stability. The appearance of disaster is increasing with the strong intensity especially Vietnam is the country suffer the impact of climate change. In 2012, East Sea occured 10 typhoons and 2 tropical depression in which have 4 flood impact directly in Viet Nam.
Global Trends and Patterns of Urban Flooding Worldwide, flooding is the leading cause of losses from natural hazards and is responsible for a greater number of damaging events than any other type of natural event. At least one third of all losses due to nature’s forces can be attributed to flooding. Flood damage has been extremely severe in recent decades and it is evident that both the frequency and intensity of floods are increasing. There are countries, such as China, in which flooding is a frequent, at least annual event, and others, such as Saudi Arabia, where inundation is rare, but its impact is sometimes also severe (Loster, 1999). According to World Bank (2012), over the past eighteen months, destructive floods occurred along the Indus River basin in Pakistan in August 2010; in Queensland, Australia, Sri Lanka and the Philippines in late 2010 and early 2011; along with mudslides, in the Serrana region of Brazil in January 2011; following the earthquake-induced tsunami on the north-east coast of Japan in March 2011; along the Mississippi River in mid 2011; as a consequence of Hurricane Irene on the US East Coast in August 2011; in Pakistan’s southern Sindh province in September 2011; and in large areas of Thailand, including Bangkok, in October and November
Introduction Background of the Study Floods are surrounded by earth’s most common and destructive natural disasters. It can cause many problems and take lives as well. Due to a heavy rainfall, people need to prepare for the possible floods and landslides in several parts of the country, that’s why in the Philippines it’s a major problem because the country is prone to natural disasters particularly typhoons, floods, earthquakes, landslide, etc. The Philippines is in the fourth most disaster-prone country in the world with a total of 274 natural calamities over the past two decades. It is according to a study “The Human cost of Weather Related Disasters” conducted by Geneva-based United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) and
History of Marikina Flooding One of 17 cities and municipalities of NCR is the city of Marikina. Marikina city has witnessed some of the worst flooding in recent history and has the most destructive and shocking because of their long-term and repetitive effects, even though a comprehensive catalogue of historical flood information has not been established, flood risk is well acknowledged. According to Gilbuena et. Al. Occurrence flood in the metro was first recorded as early as 1898 whereas the first flood event in Marikina was first documented in the 1970’s.
The most recent flood occur in Kuching, Sarawak where heavy rainfall caused some areas around Kuching to be inundated by flood waters and most roads became congested as they were impassable to traffic. The heavy downpour was still continuing around Kuching and several stalled vehicles were left on the flooded roads. Several key places were flooded including the Sarawak General Hospital, Sarawak Contingent Police Headquarters at Jalan Badaruddin, Padungan fire and rescue station, Faculty of Medicine at Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Universiti Teknologi Mara Samarahan campus, and areas around Padang Merdeka. Meanwhile, a landslide was reported to occur at mile 18 Jalan Serian Tebedu which made the road impassable. Several villagers who lived around the river banks especially in