Homes destroyed by floods, hurricanes, cyclones, landslides and avalanches, a volcanic eruption, or an earthquake are often beyond repair or take a lot of time to become livable again. The natural disasters that really affect people worldwide tend to become more intense as the years go on. Frequency of earthquakes, mega storms, and heat waves has gone up considerably in
The global environment problems that we have at present have changed that way we live. The global warming and other environmental problems that the Earth is experiencing today is very alarming. The issue that needs to be critically looked at is not just about the temperature of the Earth becoming warmer each year. It’s about the effects of such phenomenon to our daily lives. Typhoons are now much more strong and enhanced and have become more fatal.
The main definition of natural disaster is “any catastrophic event that is caused by nature or the natural processes of the earth”. Natural disasters happen all around the world, it is a major event resulting from a natural process of the Earth, for example the most common are hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, tornados, and volcanic eruptions. A natural disaster can cause a lot of damage, and also loss of life. These disasters typically cause economic damage, which it´s very difficult to recover from. Some of the events will not rise to the level of a natural disaster if it occurs in an area without vulnerable population, however if it occurs in a vulnerable and populated area, it is considered a natural disaster, and it can cause serious damages that can last for a lot of years.
Disaster characteristic and management stages Current Natural or Man-Made Disaster Disaster is a calamitous event that disrupt the community and brings human, material and economic loses, exceeding society ability to overcome using its own resources (Nies & McEwen, 2015). Depending on the severity of the disaster, it can be classified as disaster with multiple casualties (number of affected people from 2 to 100), or mass casualty disaster (with over 100 injured individuals). Understanding the nature of disaster enables to prepare and develop plans and procedures. Type of Disaster Natural disaster includes events associated with the weather phenomena – earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, flood, wildfires or biological factors
Global climate change induces extreme weather condition with the emergence of infectious disease and people migration. Climate change would directly affect disease transmission by shifting the vector's geographic range and increasing reproductive and biting rates and by shortening the pathogen incubation period. (Jonathan 1996). Climate-related increases in sea surface temperature and sea level can lead to higher incidence of water-borne infectious and toxin-related illnesses. Human susceptibility to infections might be further compounded by malnutrition due to climate stress on agriculture and potential alterations in the human immune system caused by increased flux of ultraviolet radiation (Patz
1.3. Impacts of Urban Flooding Urban Areas Climate change projections of increased intensity and frequency of extreme rainfall events suggest flooding impacts will grow in future, demanding improved response to current flood risk (Gina, Z., and Warren, S., 2009). The severe impacts of floods whether it happens as a result of climate change or otherwise, are most likely to be in urban areas where people, resources and infrastructure are concentrated (Arambepola, N., and Iglesias G., 2009). Long periods of rainfall result in the gradual saturation of the ground and the accumulation of water in poorly drained areas. The lack of adequate sanitation and solid waste management in many areas means that the water is polluted and can cause health problems.
Currently, under the pressure of population growth rate accelerated and economic development needs, many exploitable resources depleted and many parts of the marine environment pollution caused alarming more serious damage. The impact of human activities include
Disasters can strike anytime, anywhere. They can cause irrevocable damage to life and property if the right measures are not put in place to avoid such occurrences. These can also bring out the best and worst of human nature. The manner by which action is taken goes a long way in determining how people fare from the experience. The Philippines has been battered by many catastrophic storms and other natural and man-made disasters since time immemorial due to its geographic location situated both at the typhoon belt and the Ring of Fire.
Any disaster, a hurricane, tornado, wildfire, or landslide brings chills to one’s ears and is all the more reason for a call to action. Natural disasters have had a negative impact on poverty-stricken individuals for years. A natural disaster is defined as a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth. These catastrophes have also contributed
Introduction Background of the Study Floods are surrounded by earth’s most common and destructive natural disasters. It can cause many problems and take lives as well. Due to a heavy rainfall, people need to prepare for the possible floods and landslides in several parts of the country, that’s why in the Philippines it’s a major problem because the country is prone to natural disasters particularly typhoons, floods, earthquakes, landslide, etc. The Philippines is in the fourth most disaster-prone country in the world with a total of 274 natural calamities over the past two decades. It is according to a study “The Human cost of Weather Related Disasters” conducted by Geneva-based United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) and