PROCESSING OF FINDINGS The death of president Habyarimana was not the central cause of the Rwandan genocide of 1994 as there many other factors which led to the genocide. The massacre was a result of a building of tensions between the Hutus and Tutsis, culminating in death of president Habyraimana in April 1994 and the subsequent genocide. Tensions began to build from the time that Rwanda was colonized by Belgium after World War One when the more "white looking" Rwandan people were labelled Tutsis and the others Hutus or Twa. During this time lasting from 1945 to 1959 the Hutus were discriminated against while the Tutsis received unfair privileges. The relationship between the two groups further worsened when the Hutu citizens of Burundi
Over the years, there clearly was a build-up of misunderstandings, the extent of which may never be completely unravelled, but they culminated into a genocide (A). Notable, however, is the fact that when Rwanda was colonised by the Belgians in 1916, the colonisers created a greater divide between the two ethnic groups through their introduction of classism and favouritism of the Tutsis above the Hutu’s, which escalated ethnic tensions. Through a review of various literature sources, this paper endeavoured to explore the situation in Rwanda prior to colonialism followed by the change or impact colonialism brought to Rwanda and then it also discussed the extent to which Belgium colonialism may have contributed to the Rwandan
The Rwanda Genocide not only impacted the world externally in causing damage to the country Rwanda, it also impacted the world; the reputation of the United Nations, the relationship between the two major groups of people in Rwanda and the entire perspective of the world for what is possible for humans to do. The United Nations name and reputation of peace are now stained because of
Tutsi and Hutu who were able fled to other countries. While this was taking place, the RPF once again invaded Rwanda. In July 1994, the RPF finally vanquished the entire country and stopped all the murders. A new government was created that had members of many parties but left out the ones that caused the terrible genocide. Some of the refugees that left returned to Rwanda.
As a result of this, the only solution available was thus to find a way out, moreover, this then created a ripeness for mediation as peaceful results could not be achieved without the intervention of a third party (Melin, 2013, 89). Also, the crisis in Afghanistan additionally played an essential role in pushing both parties to negotiate. The quick rise of the radical Islamist and Taliban movement situated in Pashtun, Afghanistan in 1995-1996 transformed the motives for mediation and negotiations. Foreign state observers involved in the mediation process therefore pressured their Tajik allies to reach a diplomatic settlement based on their fear that the Taliban might
Compared to the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro, Lumumba’s actions and motives continued to be questioned. Given the rise of the hostile relationship with the United Nations, Lumumba also had to be eliminated. The United States, was heavily involved with the plot to kill the strong African leader. U.S. intervention in the Congo crisis and its plight in the assassination, was an unprecedented projection of American power (Mountz, 152). U.S. President Eisenhower’s supported a plot to kill the charismatic African leader.
The United Nations has taken a pledge to aid any country where a genocide or acts of genocide are occuring. In Rwanda’s current state, approximately 170,000 people have perished, innocent men women and children, by the hands of the Hutu rebel group. At this rate, in another 140 days, the entire Tutsi population will be eliminated. This ongoing rivalry has led the two groups to blame each other for every dilemma that has occured in Rwanda. This rivalry climaxed on April 6th when the Hutu president, Juvenal Habyarimana died in a plane crash, and the Hutus blamed the Tutsi Rebel Group (the RPF) for his death.
Post Conflict Reconstruction in Rwanda In the case of Rwanda, it began with the signing of the Arusha agreement in 1994 which did not mark the end of the conflict in Rwanda. The State still continued to face stagnating conflicts within and outside its own boarders. The conflict spread to Rwanda’s neighboring States and immediate action needed to be taken. The post crisis period left Rwanda with a lot to deal especially after the following results of the Genocide attack; 12% of the entire population was wiped out, the majority of the population that remained were left with physical and mental traumas to deal with, women were infected with HIV/AIDS as a result of rape cases and majority of the children were also mentally affected as they witnessed the entire carnage. Not to mention that infrastructure was destroyed and the entire population relied on relief or donated basic needs.
and the West witnessed what had happened in Bosnia and Herzegovina. US diplomacy, among others, proposed the Z-4 Plan according to which the occupied areas would be reintegrated into the Republic of Croatia while retaining elements of autonomy. Eventhough it was very favorable for them, the rebelled Serbs did not accept it. Although the cooperation and international support to Croatia gradually grew stronger, the critical point was the genocide in Srebrenica, when the Croatian government was given the US government's consent to launch an operation to reduce pressure on the Bihać enclave and prevent another massacre of innocent
He came to the conclusion that the extreme decrease in population in the Congo was mostly because of the violent and malicious actions of the Belgium police. He explained how the soldiers were given free rein, which led to the murder of many innocent Africans. When King Leopold toke over the Congo, there were about twenty million people. When he was removed from power there was only about 10 million people. King Leopold should be held accountable for his actions in the Congo because he caused a genocide and massacred half of the population.