1. Free ears in dogs are controlled by dominant allele (F), and attached ears are controlled by the recessive allele (f). In addition, Short dogs is due to a dominant allele(S), and long hair is due to a recessive allele (s). Which of the following is the genotype of the dogs with free ears and short hair?
n research methods, every researcher uses a procedure or a means of measurement to collect data. For example, three types of basic measurement collection are self-reports, observational, and physiological. Each method has their pros and cons in research. Depending on the research you are conducting these methods of measurement can
Naturalistic Research: is watching subjects in their natural habitat. There are some reasons where naturalistic research would not work so well. With naturalistic research, you can only observe the behavior but not the mental processes. In addition, you have to have consent of the subject. People tend to act differently when they
Quite an interesting article. It’s interesting to note that Cleveland clinic went out of its way just to redesign hospital gowns to improve patient reviews, which in part, is influenced by federal initiatives as the Affordable Care Act’s focus on quality of care (Luthra, 2015). Bottom line is, the measure of quality care is tied in to the patient’s comfort thereby leading to a better patient experience. And the more satisfactory the patient experience is, the hospital gets guaranteed funding for Medicare payments.
Sociology professor Jodi O’Brien wrote her academic article, ‘Paradoxes of Reduction: Some observations on Sociology as Science” while teaching at Seattle University. At the start of her essay, she wonders the many ways as to how scientific thinking can or cannot answer social life questions. She has given the readers strengths and weaknesses of scientific procedures. There can be many ways to answer this enquiry, especially with the positions regarding the dispute O’Brien has given us in her essay, but here is the view I’m representing. Scientific thinking can be useful and meaningful to apply to questions regarding social life. Throughout my academic life, every question and concept that has derived from human interrelations has been answered by scientific research.
The three descriptive research methods that I will discuss are Naturalistic Observation, Survey, and Case Study. Naturalistic Observation is a research method in which people or animals are observed in their natural habitat without any controls or variables. This type of research method may be conducted if you want to see how people truly act without being watched. For example, this research method may be used to determine who are healthier shoppers, men or women? The researcher would go to a food store and take count throughout the day of how many men and women he finds in the fruit and vegetable isles, and how many he find in the snack isles. The main strength of conducting this experiment is that is shows the behavior exactly as it occurs in the real world.
Between the time span of the study of diverse patients, the naturalistic study sees how well the patients function in society. It involves observing participants in their natural environment. This kind of research is often used in situations, conducting laboratory research because it is cost prohibitive, impractical, or would immensely impact the participant's behavior. The reason why this research is necessary is because there has not been a lot of research on what treatment is most effective for this disorder. Therapists and patients in a community were recruited for the existing
According to developmental psychology a person at any age is at a certain stage of cognitive, moral, psychosocial, and physical development. This development is measured by different types of thinking, mental capacity for tasks, physical strength, and reasoning for following rules. Development is easily seen in children. Naturalistic observation is the one of the easiest method to see these developments in children. This is the observation technique I used, while watching a five year old male at Kindercare Daycare at 3:30 on a Friday. I did my observation after the children had a recess period and came inside for a snack and play time. While observing the male child it was obvious to see where he was in cognitive, moral, psychosocial, and physical development.
There are four main perspectives in psychology. These are known as; biological perspective, learning perspective, cognitive perspective, and sociocultural perspective. Each perspective aids in the understanding of human behavior. However, not one perspective can explain all of human behaviors. This is due to each perspective playing different roles in ones behavior. To fully understand human behaviors scientist must understand the four perspectives.
A theory is defined as an explanation of some aspect of the natural world, based on a compilation of facts that have been repeatedly confirmed through observation and experiment. Theory is not scientific law, which is a natural phenomenon that has been proven as absolute truth. However, in the public-school setting, evolution, a theory concerning the Earth’s origins, is established as an indisputable fact allowing no room for other theories, specifically creationism, to be taught. These two battling theories uphold two opposing perspectives that attempt to explain the creation and development of life. Students are encouraged to form their own opinions and think open-mindedly based on the information presented to them, yet in the topic of life’s origins, they are no longer being afforded this opportunity because of the ban on the teaching of creationism. Creationism should be taught in schools because it does hold validity with several well-respected scientists and utilizes evidence observed by scientific studies to accurately support its main aspects.
One of the most interesting subjects that depicts many explanations about human behavior is psychology. Every human being tends to have a distinct behavior, depending on the situation that he or she was exposed to. The presence of other human beings cause the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of the person to be controlled or influenced. There is a considerable amount of factors in which the actions of human beings around them are responsible for the process of making their decisions. Therefore, finding an explanation through psychology, for the different specific reactions that human beings exhibit is important. Social psychology is an important sector of psychology that takes interpersonal relationships into consideration. Over the years, many theories have been developed to aid in explaining human behavior, especially ones that administer social experiences. The main focus of this assignment is the analysis of the cognitive dissonance theory in social psychology. Cognitive dissonance theory attempts to explain the human behavior through cognition, in which individuals always look for stability in their attitudes and behaviors (Festinger, 1985). In which, if this stability was disrupted then changes to their actions must occur in order for the dissonance created from their behaviors or attitudes to be restored. The uncomfortable feelings produced as a result of dissonance cause alteration in the person’s beliefs which aid in the relief of uncomfortable feelings created
This paper will analyse Merton’s (1949) chapter “On Sociological Theories of the Middle Range” pp. 39-53 in Social Theory and Social Structure. Sociological theories refer to logically interconnected sets of propositions from which empirical uniformities can be derived (Merton, 1949). Merton (1949) describes middle-range theories as ‘theories that lie between the minor but necessary working hypotheses that evolve in abundance in day to day research and the all-inclusive systematic efforts to develop unified theory that will explain all the observed uniformities of social behaviour, organization and social change’. This is in contrast to Talcott Parson’s ‘grand theory’ that explains every aspect of society from a structural level. Grand theorists seek to develop all-encompassing theories that can apply to society at large. However, because grand theories are so broad, it does not allow for the development of working hypotheses which can then be empirically confirmed by conducting research. Merton provides an alternative method to sociological theory by introducing theories of the middle range.
The term Research Methodology refers to a set of procedures, methods & techniques that are put together by the researchers to obtain a solution to the problems they confront during the collection of data. The researchers look for the most crucial data which is inevitable for the research. Generally there are three kinds of approaches or research methods namely Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed. These methods are used to gather data and resolve issues that emerge during the process of data gathering. The researcher can bring forward his findings either in the form of quantitative or qualitative or mixed research methodologies only when the data is collected based on the preliminary data gathering process and the secondary data gathering process.
Measurements, calculations, and significant figures are vital mathematical terms used to understand the basic concepts of physics. Knowing how to properly make measurements and apply the necessary calculations to obtain accurate answers will surely prove beneficial in physics, but having that knowledge will also help you throughout your entire life. Therefore, it is important to understand the processes and numbers involved when using measurements, calculations, and significant figures.