Naturally Ventilated Colonial School Case Study

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Naturally Ventilated Colonial School Classrooms in Malaysia are Conducive to Learning Environment
Aliyah Nur Zafirah Sanusi1, Aida Kesuma Azmin2, Fadzidah Abdullah3, Mohd Hisyamuddin Kassim4

1, 2&3Department of Architecture, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan University, Gombak, 53100, Malaysia

The study is intended to evaluate the comfort level of learning environment in three naturally ventilated colonial schools in Malaysia through the voice of students aged between 13 and 17. This study focuses on the influence of the colonial school classroom physical environment towards the students’ comfort and behaviour. The research has two objectives: To evaluate post-occupancy comfort level and behavior in the naturally ventilated colonial schools and to suggest design elements that could improve the comfort level of a school classroom. Observations and investigations were conducted in three colonial schools; Victoria Institution, Methodist Girls Secondary School and Maxwell Secondary School in the morning session, between 7:45a.m. and 1:00p.m.. Survey questionnaires were distributed to one classroom of each school and simultaneously, an inventory of each classroom physical environment were recorded. It was found that the observed classroom differs slightly in the window-to-wall ratio, window
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The colonist have attempted to adopt their own architectural individuality and styles in adapting to the local climate and culture of the multi-racial Malaysian society. Hence, these colonial buildings are combination of styles from other cultures, such as Indian and Chinese migrants, and the local Malay traditions. The evolution of architectural styles in Malaysia from the pre-colonial through colonial and towards independence has been one of the great triumph stories for its development in the colonial

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