The weaknesses faced by the Weimar Republic was known which also enabled Hitler to exploit the weaknesses of the left and the moderates. Appearing to be the strong leader and withholding the communication skills needed to lead a country, he was able to gain the votes he needed (Orlow 'Modern Germany ' p.185). There were violent strikes in the streets, back and forth fighting, rioting. People were killed and the people of Germany, who feared Communism and despise chaos, sided with the “volkishe” parties, who promised to establish law and order. The people of Germany thought rather than having thousands die it would be better to have law and order and break a few heads than to live with that chaos.
Hitler used the idea of artworks to control the Germans and manipulate them to love the regime and believe in it at all costs. Hitler wanted was to manipulate the people in the name of struggling to defend the survival of the state and lead them into World War 2. Hitler 's regime spent a lot of tax payer 's money to recruit and train soldiers. The artists’ artworks encouraged and boosted the morale of soldiers in order to believe and love Hitler’s regime and its ideals. Through the use of art, Hitler promoted the view that the primary creative impulse was more of political than artistic .
Using psychological manipulation and fear through war, falsehoods, and torture, Big Brother retains absolute control over one’s thoughts and actions, and thus strips the individual of humanity. Although the society illustrated in George Orwell’s novel seems implausible, Orwell aimed to reflect certain aspects of the time period in which he lived and warn readers of the impending future he foresaw. The rise of tyrannical governments during the 1940s, such as Hitler in Germany and Stalin in Russia, fueled Orwell’s paranoia and thus resulted in Big Brother, the representation of totalitarian government he predicted could arise. This, along with the seemingly constant warfare and the inherent loss of highly valued democratic ideals provoked Orwell’s allegory as a way to warn the general public. As a result of the communist and fascist dictatorships of Orwell’s time, 1984 sought to reflect the tactics of manipulation, fear, and stripping one’s individuality employed to control the population by illustrating the principal theme of totalitarianism.
Hearing his master's words, Douglass found a purpose to become literate. He looks at the situation with an analytical eye and is able to fight back with his sarcastic and ironic tone, referring to his masters as “pious.” Frederick knows that knowledge can break the white man’s power of enslaving human beings. “The more I read, the more I was led to abhor and detest my enslavers. VII. 413.”
It is what truly, physically manipulates the freedom and speech of people to be deemed fit to control the population, an obvious example of limiting the intellectual freedom and creativity among people. A pronounced example of censorship in 1984 are the acts of the Ministry of Truth and the use of so-called “Memory Holes” to free the public of Big Brother’s inconsistencies. This is done by using “Speak-Write” machines to change news articles and pictures of the past to prove current party reports legitimate and favorable. Such was the work of Winston, as his job was to find these old articles and mark out the inconsistencies, changing history for the needs of the Party. He believes that if people are able to verify a claim with an external source, even a lie can become truth, as Winston
In response, Winston is trying to escape and fight the system. He is aware of the oppression of Big Brother and understand the dictatorship the community faces. The proposal of Big Brother is to strip away the human qualities, such as emotion, so that everyone is alike and easier to control. To contrast, Winston is able to tell the difference and able to detect the false ideas of tyranny and disobeys the rules. His first rebellion was writing his thoughts
Such ruthlessness would result in people becoming too intimidated to voice their dissatisfaction against the state (). They also utilized propaganda to strengthen their influence over their peoples’ lives (). This became evident when Stalin and Hitler used propaganda to glorify themselves and to criticize Western ideals (). This enabled them to rule with an iron fist (). With this achieved, both men began setting their sights on world domination (McAleavy,
Human beings need to reflect on that terrifying disaster. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze how Hitler realizes his plan step by step and the analysis will be carried out from Hitler’s boldness and caution decision with psychological tactics. Psychological tactics can completely change a person invisibly; Hitler grasped the public’s psychology and changed their minds and actions little by little. After the World War I, German political is instability; people are accustomed to the change of political situation. As a defeated country, Germans feel humiliated and the public have a negative attitude towards the government.
Totalitarian governments, such as Nazi Germany, and their use of controversial techniques in order to rise power are significant influences on literature, creating parallels between it and novels such as 1984 by George Orwell. The system deployed by the Nazi regime in order to rise to power was undoubtedly, while immoral, very effective in eliciting the results desired by its enforcers. State sponsored murder or execution, prevalent in both Nazi Germany and 1984, were utilized by the government to incite hatred within its citizens. Big Brothers overbearing presence in the citizens lives strikingly resembles the relationship that dictators such as Adolf Hitler held with countries through implementation of similar propaganda techniques seen in
Therefore, the Underground Man cannot stop being himself. Refutation of Opposing Argument 2: This man gets hideous when he wants to be appreciated by others. He should not need to be noticed, for the reason that if he is seen, then he will harm others by this opportunity. “Once indeed, I had a friend. But I was already a tyrant at heart; I wanted to exercise unbounded sway over him… all I needed him was to win a victory over him, to subjugate him and nothing else”.