In the linguistic evolution, the child must go through to achieve a good language, starting from babbling to first words or phrases. This process frequently appears in the first months. However, that time or specific age at which a child begins to talk may vary depending on many factors. One of the most important is hearing, but it is not the only factor, there are many other factors that influence such as sex (girls tend to improve their language skills, cognitive abilities and general development long before the boys) and among the most important is the stimulation that is given to the child. Hence, the family plays a very important role in the emergence and development of verbal language of the
Moreover, they regulate their style of talking to fit the infant’s stage of development. This type of baby talk is termed parentese. Parentese is higher in pitch, simpler in vocabulary, and shorter in sentence length. The role of parents and other adults in language development is critical. Most people believe that language development begins when a child starts to talk which is around one year of age but the influence of a parent and adult on language development happens a lot earlier but is not true because it happened it the womb because the mother talk to the baby while they growing inside the mother Parents and other caregivers must start by using appropriate language and responding to children’s use of language in the proper way if language development is to progress in a healthy manner.
Speech skills are referred to as receptive language skills and include making sounds to form words or the act of talking. Language skills are referred to as expressive language skills and entail using words to communicate what we feel or mean, and also being able to understand what others say. Children begin absorbing and learning their language and speech abilities right from the time they are in the womb. However, most of the developments take place between the ages of 2 and 5 years. A new-born baby communicates only with his cry and learns that this brings him food or comfort.
1. Discuss some of the factors that influence semantic development. For each, specify how a specific factor might affect a child’s semantic development. The factors that influence semantic development include gender, language impairment and language exposure. It has been found that girls know more words and have a larger vocabulary than boys particularly in the first five years of life.
Third, the sheer amount of language input available in play also contributes to language development. It is well known that the amount of language children hear strongly relates to their overall linguistic skills (Hart and Risley 1995; Hoff 2006; Hoff and Naigles 2002; Hurtado, Marchman, and Fernald 2008; Tamis-LeMonda and Bornstein 2002). Play with adults and peers bolsters language development because it encourages greater language use. For instance, the amount of time children talk to their peers during play in preschool positively relates to their vocabulary size in kindergarten (Dickinson and Moreton 1991), Finally, play might be important
This process includes any mental activity that makes representations symbol, categorizing, problem solving, design, fantasy and imagination. Language development refers to the children who can understand the word and use it to make sentences. In fact, mastering the language is one of the thought that counts. Bruner (1975) and Vygotsky (1986), are the leading figures in the study of language and cognitive development stressed the importance of relationship between thought and language. Vygotsky mentioned language as a logical and analytical tool in thinking, while Bruner argues that language shapes our thoughts and thinking.
The development of language skills in the child reflects marvelous creativity, a child’s language inventory increases manifold during the first year of birth. Keywords- Language, acquisition, Psycholinguistics. INTRODUCTION Developmental Psycholinguistics traces the acquisition of the mother tongue.The capacity to
Language is an important tool for communication for everyone even babies and children. We usually find ourselves talk in an abnormal way in front of a new baby like saying ‘hello’, ‘what’s your name?’ or ‘look how beautiful you are!’ although we know that the baby hasn’t learned any language yet and can’t understand a word of what we are saying, but we do that as if the baby does. One of the ways that mothers use to develop a strong bond with their babies is baby-talk. It helps in the development of the language of the baby. However, children need to have some skills and knowledge to acquire the spoken English language so that they can communicate effectively.
Despite the difficulty of this reverse-engineering problem, infants successfully segment words from fluent speech from seven months of age”. This statement indicates that, an infant discover the language through sounds he heard. This sounds, as the infant grows, will develop into chunk of sounds and later on will expand into understandable words. Their development of language will