Emerson's "Nature" is an essay, which sets down the foundation of transcendentalism. According to Emerson, "Our age is retrospective" (Emerson 125), we must not look in the past for ideas, but we need to search in the present for answers. This is one of the major parts of Emerson's view of transcendentalism, because individuals are encouraged to create ideas on their own. In "Self-Reliance" Emerson highlights the importance to stay true to oneself and avoid conformity. In the first line, Emerson defines the ideal transcendentalist, "Man is his own star, and the soul that can render and honest and a perfect man" (130).
Transcendentalism is an appealing philosophy because it encourages individuals to rely on themselves, to ignore other’s accusations, and to accept one’s unique place. Transcendentalism is an appealing philosophy because it encourages individuals to rely on themselves. Emerson claims, “Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string” (Emerson 364). The author explains by trusting oneself, a person can truly be content with their life. The individual will be happy in what they do and wherever they go.
For example, if Calixta and Alcée act on their forbidden love, Clarisse and Bobinôt would be heartbroken. On the other hand, naturalism has advantages because people can appreciate naturalistic things such as beauty and nature. Literary Naturalists use naturalism and realism to express the importance nature has on the world, and the role that it plays is an important
This individuality was seen as the product of nonconformity and reluctance to societal influence. Emerson and Thoreau wrote literature explaining how the individual was of utmost importance. This newfound way of life was influential and inspiring seeing as it came after a movement which promoted logical thinking and reasoning. Throughout this time period people such as Emerson and Thoreau began to place superiority on individual thought more so than on societal views. This thought can be seen in quotes by both authors.
Humans choose to follow their hearts because they believe their heart is good. Pascal states, "How hollow and full of ribaldry is the heart of man!" (Pascal, "Thoughts", 50). Pascal expresses that humans are corrupted by their wants and passions and they follow their heart in hope to better their human condition. Pascal explains that his ideal would be to free humans of their passions and have humankind ponder and hope to find answers to the uncertainty in life.
Benjamin franklin and Henry David Thoreau have distinct dissimilar beliefs on freedom and institutions, but after analyzing both authors throughly it seems as though they may have similarities as well. Franklin is a eighteenth century author who contributes money to institutions, in order, to mold humans to live a more pragmatic and regimented life; however, Thoreau is a romantic author who believes that people should search for their inner passions and not live beyond their means in order of finding ones soul. These credible authors ultimately have the concordant motives; however their approach to eliminating errata’s are drastically dissimilar. Although both authors are shaping models for the American identity in different ways, ultimately
“Whoso would be a man must be a nonconformist. He who would gather immortal palms must not be hindered by the name of goodness, but must explore if it be goodness. Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind." Emerson believed that once a man, one must be willing to go against the normalcy of nature and be their true selves regardless of what the world and people around them might think. All three characters, Bartleby, from Melville’s “Bartleby The Scrivener,” Reverend Mr. Hooper from Hawthorne’s “The Minister’s Black Veil,” and Aylmer, from Hawthorne’s “The Birth Mark” confirm Emerson’s belief that there is nothing more sacred than being true to one’s self and what he/she stands for, even if it is not what others consider right.
Her optimism about life saves her from this deadly act. Knowing that evil exits in the world, but still remaining positive about life is the best philosophy in life, according to Voltaire. Through the downfall of optimistic characters, Voltaire’s novel Candide also seeks to reveal that those who are optimistic and pessimistic live the best lives. Candide meets John the Anabaptist while on his journey.
Transcendentalism was an issue that mainly took up it stance through literary works and philosophy. It was created through an organic consequence of Unitarianism ideals.This idea rests upon the belief that people; men and women, have certain wisps of knowledge beyond this realm or world. This “knowledge” comes only through intuition and the imagination, not through logical reasoning or personal sight. People who accept this as a religion are called transcendental. A notable leader in this movement is Ralph Waldo Emerson, who is also known for being an “American thinker.” He held beliefs that recognized that all people were somewhat good and and had limitless potential inside themselves.
In 1599, Christopher Marlowe wrote a poem called “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love.” This poem was a love poem and it was to create an idealized vision of rural life within the context of personal emotion. Marlowe uses diction and imagery to portray a simple but beautiful and fulfilling life for his love, if only she chooses to come live with him. In response to Marlowe’s poem, in 1600, Sir Walter Ralegh wrote “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd.” In contrast to Marlowe’s poem, Ralegh’s poem has a very realistic point of view. Also in Ralegh’s poem had his fair share of both lovers and haters. Although these two poems correspond and use the same elements to get their point across, they could not be any different from one another.