Sign language cannot be written and as I stated before it is not universal, although sign language itself cannot be written, many people who are deaf know how to read and write with the spoken language and will communicate that way as well. The language was passed down from generation to generation and like any spoken
Language is the fundamental factor leading and affecting communication. Language is communication and vice versa. It can also helps with everyday tasks such as, explaining issues and procedures exchanging ideas or learning ideas. Being knowledgeable about language is a key for successful communication in relationships and in the workplace. I would say that without language, we would not be able to communicate.
Religion according to Durkheim has three major functions in a society. The first major function of religion is that it creates a united society. It unites people through their shared values, beliefs and practices. The second function is it promotes conformity. It creates a society with many cultural norms.
Speech is given primary importance because we do not know any society that does not have a language which is spoken. Speech existed long before writing. Writing is no doubt important but language without speech is unthinkable. Linguist John Lyons (1968) stated that writing is essentially a means of representing speech in another medium. Therefore, as language does not exist in a vacuum, language is primarily vocal.
Therefore, it is said that language is the main way of transmitting and passing on culture and perhaps the greatest achievement of mankind. To further support my claim there are four main points to be considered. Firstly, through language all needs both physical and spiritual are expressed. Secondly, language is a tool of social activities. Third, language allows to be connected
The statement talks about Language as an innate or a natural process. According to Chomsky, language is one characteristic that is unique to humans among all other living beings. Furthermore, language is unique in a sense that it is dissimilar from any other systems of communication. For an instance, among any other living beings, humans are the only species who can talk or converse with the use of language. Animals do communicate, but only with limited vocalizations, sounds and symbols or some partially learned systems.
Contrast to animals, they cannot build words or sentences to indicate the time and place. The second distinctive feature of the human language is that the language itself has a very specific symbol. Mukherjee (2015, p.5) has defined symbol as “a concrete event, object or mark
Most animals also lack discreteness in their language, which refers to the ability to use different sounds for example and combine those to form new meaning. In human language, there is an infinite amount of sentences that can be created, as shown in (2): (2) “Matt says, that …” “Adam says, that Matt says, that …” “Pete says, that Adam says, that Matts says, that …” In contrast, apes only have a limited set of calls and they cannot combine those to create more complicated sets of calls. Moreover, one huge difference between natural animal communication and the communication in laboratory experiments is the way the animals produce sound. In their natural environment, animals use communication to signal danger, ownership, affection or aggression, which all bear a distinct function for the animal. On the other hand, when animals are communicating in laboratories they often times are forced to produce sounds or make certain connections between symbols.
Translation: Translation is an act of interpretation of meaning of a text in one language and subsequent production of an equivalent or nearly equivalent text in another language that is able to yield the same message found in the source language. Translation is one of the best means of borrowing ideas from different communities. This was historically done between various civilizations when there were huge literary translations so that there was exchange of literature corresponding to both arts and technology. In recent times there have been long term efforts to create an automated transformation which may partially or totally automate the process of translation. But as translation is a complex task, which has various factors like syntax and semantics that should be preserved while
Sociolinguistics is fundamentally concerned with the relationship between language and society (Hao & Chi, 2013; Wardhaugh & Fuller, 2014). It studies and explains why people speak differently in different social surroundings; it is interested in explaining the function of language and the way it is used in conveying meaning. Scrutinizing the way people use language in different surroundings provides a sum of information about how language functions (Hao & Chi, 2013). Although sociolinguistics might not be a topic of interest to many, the examining of language allows the understanding of social relations within a community, and the way people convey and build up features of their social identities through language. Speech conveys implicit clues about who we really are, our identities, such as, where we come from, or what have we experienced or gone through (Hao & Chi, 2013).