Nature Of Sovereignty

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“the essential nature of sovereignty is the right to say yes or to say no.”
-Crotty v An Taoiseach [1987] IR 713, per Walsh J at 781

The 1937 Constitution of Ireland lays down the foundation upon which Irish law is structured and built on. In addition, it affirms the sovereignty of the Irish state and nation. The sovereignty of the Irish state and nation is a salient aspect of the Constitution and it refers to the idea of the complete legal and political authority of a governing body over itself, without the influences of external bodies. Walsh J’s view that “the essential nature of sovereignty is the right to say yes or to say no.”[1] seems to be an accurate summarization of the principles of national and popular sovereignty to a significant
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In addition, these principles also to significant effectively uphold the power and political authority of both the people of Ireland and the nation.
There are two main reasons underlined in this essay, in support of this conclusion, which are related to if the

One of the leading principles that compose national sovereignty as defined by both the old and 1937 Constitution is the notion that the Irish people are the ultimate body of sovereignty in the territory of Ireland; this differs Ireland from its neighbouring England and, further from home, Canada, where the people have historically been the subjects under the sovereign. The McKenna v An Taoiseach case established the importance of the idea that the Government's powers derive from the people and the importance of the people's free choice. It was found to be incorrect for the government to spend public money promoting the views of only one side and thus, interfering with the election. This demonstrates that the Government is not allowed to influence and thus navigate outside of the public’s will. "Article 6 proclaims that all
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the people are the supreme authority in the ultimate instance.”[3] . The fact that the Government is subject to the laws of the Constitution indicates that the people are not subjects to the sovereign but are the driving force behind Irish sovereignty. Therefore we know that power and political authority of the people is upheld as the Government
This is a strong argument because if the people actively participate in national policies then their authority is being held.

However, it can also be said that as well as granting power and authority, sovereignty can limit it. If the Americans wanted to destroy a huge part of their forestry then Ireland could not simply tell America to halt its project. Sovereignty is giving America the power to decide what it wants to do, and limiting Ireland’s power and authority to influence America's decision. In a similar way the establishment of international bodies has undermined the principles of true sovereignty. However, although the act of choosing a policy that fetters ones authority to make decisions independently, such as joining an international body, limits ones sovereignty, the act in itself is an exercise of sovereignty. “the freedom to make commitments which
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