2 statement. Waltz argues that the morality of prudence represents the conflict between order and survival. He argues that moral attitudes become more dominant when the consequences of political failure become more urgent. Waltz argues that the states must be concerned first of all with their stable position in the system rather than to maximize its power. The prudence can only be reasonable in a system of balance of power because this balance should be maintained by great powers.
The concept of judicial independence a fundamental important in United Kingdom legal system. The concept is enshrined in Act of Settlement !701. Not only does the judicial independence form an element in the concept of the separation of power and rule of law, but also it ensure two other powers apart from Judiciary fully comply with the constitution and the law. To begin with, the concept also emphasizes the safeguards for judicial independence. It is crucial the judge is independent and impartial.
From the logical starting point of American constitutionalism, the concept of people's sovereignty is an important cornerstone of American constitutional system design. From the feudal system autocracy to the practice of democratic constitutionalism, the key lies in the ownership of national sovereignty. From the logical point of view, the criticism of individual monarchy and sovereignty in the concept of the king must be derived from the logic of sovereignty in the people, that is, people's sovereignty. The idea of the people's sovereignty advocates that the power of the government derives from the grant of the people, and the government has the power to protect the vital lives of citizens, life and freedom. We have come to the source of righteousness, and there is a basic discourse on the doctrine of sovereignty in the Aristotelian era and the Roman law.
The ill minded should not be the cause of the abiding citizens of America to lose their rights. The second amendment (the right to bear arms) was within the first 10 amendments to be put into our Bill of Rights. As the supreme court stated, the right to bear arms belongs completely to those as individuals. The purpose of the second amendment to be made was to make sure that the government couldn’t unarm our militias and make federal standing armies. When argued that the Second Amendment is purely to keep from disarming the state militias can not be entirely true, for it is said in the last half of the Amendment itself “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed”.
In a democratic state, part of the political power is distributed to the people. Therefore, people will vote against any decisions that may bereave their basic human rights and freedom. Consequently, the ruler cannot deprive the fundamental rights of the people for his or her own benefits and thus everyone, regardless of his or her wealth or status, can enjoy the freedom and rights granted by the Constitution. On the contrary, political power is often vested to the dictator in an authoritarian regime. The dictator may arbitrarily intrude the basic human rights and the people, who do not possess political power, cannot exert influence on the ruler to prevent the impairment of human rights and freedoms.
the ‘Westphalia model’ of the nation-state, whereby the sovereign nation-state is the highest form of power in the international system, within which, individuals relinquish control over certain liberties to the state in return for its protection and provisions. In Sovereign states national governments, and particularly democratic ones, are accountable to their own people, and not to any other states or any international institutions – this cannot be overemphasized – the accountability of a government lies principally with
However, the Constitution asserts that the state should try to make sure that the radio, the press and the cinema are not used to undermine public order, morality or the authority of the state. It also states that it is an offense to publish or utter blasphemous, seditious or indecent matter. ' (Article 40.6.1,Irish Constitution, 1937) The question is how far limitations should be applied. It has been argued that it is a slippery slope and limitations lead to further restrictions and tyranny. One of the most compelling, liberal arguments for freedom of expression was made by 19th century philosopher John Stuart Mill in his book On Liberty.
The parliament was given its authority by the voting system within the UK which gave the parliament legitimacy to make, amend or abolish laws. The UK then seen the 1911 and 1949 Parliament Acts that have further reduced the powers of the HOL and concentration of power in the HOL and its executive the prime minister. If the HOL introduces a law and the majority of the HOL agrees the law will be passed. The UK has an internal convention that it will go through steps to allow a royal assent of the law however this does not have to be followed as it is not law, again this shows the parliament as having absolute power/sovereignty. This change of powers sees sovereignty shift from the monarch to parliament.
There are many important underlying messages that can be deprived from the “Declaration of Independence” by Thomas Jefferson, that we have certain rights that cannot be taken away from us, that all men are created equal, and that a government governed by the people is important. A message that can be found in “The Declaration of Independence” written by Thomas Jefferson is that we have certain rights that cannot be taken away from us. The rights that Jefferson described in the document is the right to life. Nobody can take a your life from you, that is a thing that Jefferson believed belong to
It outlines the structure of Government and enumerates the rights of individuals” (Revenue Commissioners, 2007). The constitution in Ireland can only be changed by having a referendum to amend the law (Revenue Commissioners, 2007). It is the courts that uphold the law in Ireland, and are obliged to recognise the constitution. “The Constitution is the basic law of the land. It outlines the structure of Government and enumerates the rights of individuals” (Revenue Commissioners, 2007).