Nature Of The Relationship Between Local And Local Government In Tunisia

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Nature of the relationship between local and central government in Tunisia

Background:
Historically, The Tunisiangovernment, like other Arab governments, always hada high degree ofcentralization. Moreover, Tunisia is characterized by a high degree of urbanization, as about 70 per cent of the 11 million citizens live in towns and cities. Urban sector in Tunisia is the most active sector in the national economy and the most dynamic, with a share of more than 85 per cent of GDP.After 2011 revolution, the new government was forced to re-think the role of the state and central decision, and assess the role of the municipal councils in urban development. It indicated its intention to put the municipal councils at the heart of the urban development process, by making it more effective and active in the planning, implementation and provision of infrastructure and municipal services facilities.

New Constitution:
According to the new constitution, Local government is based on decentralization; Decentralization is achieved through local authorities comprised of municipalities,districts, and regions covering the entire territory of the Republic in accordance withboundaries established by law.The law may provide for the creation of specific types of local authorities. Based on this new vision and amendments, relation between central government and local governments can be divided into two fields:
1. Where local governments have the upper hand:
• The constitution guarantees Local

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