Nature Vs. Nurture In Joan Stiles's Fundamentals Of Brain Development

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Joan Stiles discusses one of the largest debates in psychological development, nature versus nurture. The debate is whether all individuals are born with an innate set of concepts and biological brain functioning that undermines development. The two sides of the nature versus nurture debate include the nativist view and the nurturist view. Nativists believe that individuals are born with a core set of innate principals that are used for learning throughout life. This core knowledge perspective includes three concepts individuals have that are predetermined at birth, object concept, numerosity, and language. Before the 17th Century nativists including Plato, Descartes, and Darwin saw children as being born with innate qualities or traits that direct development. These qualities are inborn, biologically given, based on inheritance. In the 17th century, John Locke enlightened the contrasting nurturists view that highlights the environment as a key role in the development of continuous concepts. Thus, individuals are 2 / 6 not born with an innate set of qualities that guide development, but rather, are born as a blank slate that develops through social experience. Piaget, Erikson, and Maslow also viewed development through nurture and believed individuals develop in stages through experience and social interactions. In Joan Stiles book, Fundamentals of Brain Development, she argues that there is no biological evidence that proves concepts are genetically made and built in
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