Nature Vs Nurture Vs Persistence

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Nature and Nurture vs. Persistence Nature and nurture are often seen as opponents in terms of determining personality and success. Early thinkers such as Descartes and Plato would argue that our personalities are genetically predisposed, while John Locke, a highly influential 17th century philosopher, would argue that our mind is a tabula rasa, a blank slate that gets “carved” by our early childhood experiences. In the novel Outliers, Malcolm Gladwell essentially joins both opposing perspectives together and examines the different ways people attain success through arbitrary elements such as luck, childhood experiences, cultural legacies, and even birth date. The idea of success can be subjective, but overall, it is an accomplishment that guarantees a prosperous life. He argues that the most successful people are in that position because of their arbitrary opportunities. While Gladwell’s beliefs may hold some truth to them, achieving the highest levels of success ultimately depends on one’s free will and perseverance. Gladwell introduces the idea of “The Matthew Effect” which essentially states that people who already excel at something get more opportunities to succeed than those who do not. He gives the example of Canadian hockey being a meritocracy because it favors older players. Gladwell provides evidence which shows that the most successful players were born in January, February, and March. Since the cutoff age in Canadian hockey is January 1, he argues that those

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