Modern science is typically subdivided into the natural sciences, which study the material world, the social sciences which study people and societies, and the formal sciences like mathematics. The formal sciences are often excluded as they do not depend on empirical observations.  We have to keep in mind that science helps us describe how the world is, but it cannot make any judgments about whether that state of affairs is right, wrong, good, or bad and individual people must make moral judgments.
Another objection to Descartes’ qualification of mathematical truths as knowledge that is certain and universal no longer holds true when applied to fine arts and music. 2+3 =5 is true because when we apply it to the physical world, for instance, to apples, it is universally and objectively true.
Nevertheless, facts based on reality become easier to reject wholesale, rather than using a thought process of discovery, which is why unchallengeable beliefs gain prominence in liberal circles, yet at the price of social divisions and decline. The moral relativism needed to produce the liberal world view means the outcome often bears no resemblance to actual events, itself taking on the fantasy of an Alice in Wonderland scenario. As a belief fails scientific inquiry, this consequently produces a no blame society devoid of any consensus morality and the inability to further distinguish right from wrong. Accepting a definition of morality requires a consensus of standards, entailing individual responsibility and accountability. Removing this consensus relegates moral truths to a plurality of opinions and if there are no moral truths, ergo there are no moral facts.
The dystopia is exactly opposite of a Utopian society which is perfect in every way. But the dystopian society refers to the society that is unbelievably flawed, defective, damaged and unsatisfactory. The dystopian society lacks the harmonious and egalitarian qualities of life that are depicted in utopias. Dystopia is Utopia’s mirror image. While employing many of the same concepts as utopia, for example, social steadiness created by authoritarian regimentation, the dystopia comprehends these ideas pessimistically.
Brave New World Thesis : In the Novel’s foreword Aldous Huxley states “The theme of Brave New World is not the advancement of science as such; it is the advancement of science as it affects individuals.” Aldous Huxley tries to convey that ‘advancement of science as it affects individuals’ if it was controlled by corrupted people like the World State who seek only self-gratification could become evil science. The science in Brave New World does effect every and each individual but so does science in real life. Science has changed and changes people, how they act and what they do everyday. When Agriculture was invented humans were able to create more stable lives and settle in one location. When the wheel was invented people were able to carry heavy objects without exhausting themselves, they were able to trade and build bigger structures.
Environmental ethics refers to the relationship that humans share with the natural world (Buzzle, 2011), it involves people extending ethics to the natural environment through the exercise of self-discipline (Nash, 1989). Herein the essay will give examples of anthropocentrism and non-anthropocentrism as forms of environmental ethics, criticizing anthropocentrism in contrast with a defence of non- anthropocentrism precedents. Anthropocentrism also referred to as human-centeredness, is an individualistic approach, a concept stating that humans are more valuable, and the environment is only useful for sustaining the lives of human beings (MacKinnon, 2007). The practise of human-centeredness is associated with egocentrism (Goodpaster, 1979), by contrast non-anthropocentrism is a holistic approach
accept suicide, indifference to the welfare of others, false promises, and the neglect of one’s talents, although both formulations are independent. This type of practical equivalent thesis is what I term the weak version of equivalence because at first glimpse there is no conceptual relation between the two formulations. However, Kant goes on to develop another version of equivalence noting a conceptual relation between the two formulations. By unpacking possible translations of the terms, the one formulation can be seen, although perhaps not at first consideration, as an explication of the other; this I refer to as the strong version of equivalence. This strong version is much closer to complementary Kantian ethics given the theoretical unity that emerges in the Groundwork, which practical equivalence does not achieve.
In this essay a debate of nature and technology’s meaning and the binary thinking of whether technology as well as nature can be seen as opposites is conducted, and a discussion of how the Muse Headband can be seen and used as an addition to humans mind. A debate is created in order to conclude as to how human beings can be depicted as both natural and technological. This essay is conducted in reference to the prescribed readings, Philosophy of Technology by Val Dusek, The nature of technology by W. Brian Arthur, as well as The Tao of post modernism by Donna. J Cox and two additional sources, Philosophy of Nature by Brian Ellis and Urban Student’ Definitions and Perceptions of Nature by Aaron, Rachel F, and Peter A. Technology is by formed by the combination of elements, and those elements are as well technology and it is men-made (Arthur 2009: 203).
Total progress or ethical sidestepping? Indeed, ethics are deeply rooted in science,however it is a love hate relationship. For example some of the greatest scientific discoveries come from times of war. One derogatory nickname for Hereditarianism is Scientific Racism, this implies that there are no facts or evidence behind the wide general claims. Finch et al.
Additionally, the scientific approach to love also begins to negate the emotions that arise when one falls in love, since love and passion become only hormones and chemicals present within oneself. As a result, the love present between people no longer is a special feeling, since it is degraded to the simplest biological mechanism. Through the work of science, love no longer remains some glorious miracle which occurs between two special people, but rather something which could be arranged between anybody. Thus, science also reduces people as well, since everyone is made of the same physical structures. This helps support the idea of democracy since everything is broken down to the simplest mechanism.