During World War II (WWII) in the South Pacific, more than 110,000 Americans were killed and another 250,000 were injured. Americans soldiers were not used to the climate, geography, or the style of fighting. The Japanese began intercepting and easily decoding the American messages. It became even more difficult to fight the Japanese and the American casualties kept building up. Because of the courage and dedication to America exhibited by the Navajo code talkers, WWII ended faster and with less casualties than if the Marines had used only traditional codes and coders. There was a great need for strong codes during the war. The Japanese were very good at wiretapping, and many spoke English fluently. Once, while a battalion commanding officer …show more content…
When transmitting some words that had to be spelled, the code talkers had to repeat commonly used letters, which made the code vulnerable (Paul, 2003). Because of this, they created two more words for the most common letters, and one more for a few other letters that were not quite as common (Paul, 2003). The alphabet was now 44 words, and because they added more words for other military terms, the whole code was increased by 200 words (Paul, 2003). The additions to the code made it much harder for the Navajos to learn, but it also made it much more effective. The expansion of the code helped the allies win the …show more content…
The islands were inhabited with many kinds of poisonous creatures and plants (Paul, 2003). Before one island landing, a medical bulletin was issued describing 19 different plants and animals to avoid, along with telling the Marines to avoid the inhabitants (Paul, 2003). The Marines perseverance and determination in taking the islands and their willingness to sacrifice themselves for Americaleavesmany reasons for Americans to be thankful. The Marines had to deal with many adverse conditions in the South Pacific. The Navajos were better suited to the style of fighting. Much of the fighting involved sneaking around in small groups and fighting, much like the old Indian style (Paul, 2003). Maneuvering in the darkness was also easier for the Navajos, because they were used to the absence of light on the reservations (Paul, 2003). The tougher life that the Navajos lived on the reservation was a huge benefit during the war. Many parts of the reservation life helped the code talkers in the
The battle of Iwo Jima was an important battle for the Navajoes because without them the entire battle would have been lost. They created an unbreakable code that were used for everything from food and supplies to battleships and planes . There is even a picture of a Navajo raising the american flag with everybody securing the victory for the americans. Navajoes were key to winning the war and they were
Yes, the Navajo code was the only language the Japanese could not crack. During the battle of Iwo Jima the Navajo code talkers sent and received 800 messages without a single error. Treatment during and after the war: Many fellow soldiers respected the aptitude of the code talkers and many native americans were awarded with high military honors.
America’s First Spies Not everyone knows that George Washington was a spymaster. During the Revolutionary War George Washington used brave men and women to get secret messages to other people. They used many different techniques to communicate. If George Washington had not formed a ring of spies, America might not have won the Revolutionary war.
However, despite their skills, the code talkers were treated badly because they were native American and not white men. But regardless, the code saved thousands of lives and possibly changed the course of the war in Asia. The code was used to send messages like where enemies were, where enemy ammunition was, and the things the allies needed such as ammunition and food. It was estimated that somewhere between 375- 420 Navajo Americans were code talkers during world war one. But in the beginning, there were only 29.
In the weeks after the 1st Marines’ campaign on Guadalcanal—when naval lines were secure enough to fill supply needs to the rear, but not sufficient as yet to meet the needs of the Marines on the front—Leckie details one instance where he and a fellow soldier snuck to the rear and crawled into the food dump in search of anything edible to take back to their comrades. While Leckie weaves a likeable story of cat-and-mouse with those set as guard to the food dump, the story does not overlook the dire situation of the Marines on the frontline, who had subsisted for weeks on worm-ridden rice taken from Japanese soldiers killed in
The Marines that fought were all in the military, and they were the ones fighting the Japanese in the war. The author places himself within the existing scholarship on this topic by emphasizing the unique role that Navajo code talkers played in the war effort, and their contributions to the ultimate victory of the United
My most valuable secondary sources, which most helped me understand the chronology of events relating to my topic, have been Bosque Redondo and The Long Walk, both written by Lynn R. Bailey. I’ve attempted to divide my primary sources into Navajo and Anglo-American accounts of events, with many Navajo histories having been passed down orally over generations. The letters of James H. Carleton have presented valuable insight into the intentions of overseer of the events detailed in my paper, while transcriptions of testimony by Navajo Chiefs have aided me with insight regarding the outlook of Navajo leadership. The compilation of oral stories which have been passed down in Oral History Stories of the Long Walk has presented me with a great deal of how members of the Navajo (at the time of the book’s recording) remember the Long Walk and Bosque Redondo, granting insight into how those events live in Navajo
One of the most important coping mechanisms was naming. Naming is important during World War II because it creates a more human-like experience, it gives marines and code talkers a lighter subject to talk about, and it helps form the code. Naming is important in World War II because it creates a more human-like experience. When marines named Japanese planes and ships, it made them less frightening, and more human. (Page
The Navajo Code Talkers Since the beginning of its history, America has always struggled with giving equal rights and equal opportunities to all of its inhabitants. From the freeing of African-American slaves down to giving women the right to vote, minorities and “the white men” have wrestled over the definition of freedom. One example of this ongoing struggle is the recognition of the Navajo Code Talkers and their involvement in World War II. Were these Navajo Code Talkers crucial to World War II, and were they fully recognized for their efforts? The Code Talkers helped change the outcome of World War II in America’s favor, yet the United States failed at fully recognizing the impact that these incredible Navajos had on the Second World War.
The Navajo Code Talkers were Native Americans who translated, encoded, and decoded messages during World War II. (Demma) What the code talkers accomplished amounts to much of the US’ success at Iwo Jima and Guadalcanal. After the Choctaw code talkers success in World War I the US was open to new code ideas during World War II.
They felt that this country was taken away from them by the white man and should not be required to help in the case of attack, but when war was declared against the Axis powers, The Navajo Nation declared: “We resolve that the Navajo Indians stand ready… to aid and defend our government and its institutions against all subversive and armed conflict and pledge our loyalty to the system and a way of life that has placed us among the greatest people of our race” (Takaki 60). Altogether forty-five thousand Indians served in the U.S. armed forces. Despite this, Indian workers received lower pay that that of whites, In the cities, Indians also experienced discrimination. Ignatia Broker of the Ojibway wrote “Although employment was good because of the labor demand of the huge defense plants, Indian people faced discrimination in restaurants, night clubs, retail and department stores… and worst of all, in housing” (Takaki
Navajo Code talkers were heros to our country and have waited years to be properly acknowledged for their heroic deeds. The unbreakable code based around the Navajo language and the language is one of the hardest to learn. The code had 411 terms that the Navajos turned words into military terms. The code was never broken even after the War. The Navajos life before the war consisting them never leaving there reservations.
Code Talker by Joseph Bruchac is about Ned Begay, a Navajo code talker during World War II. Ned faced two life changing events that shapes who he is. First is his move to an American boarding school that forces him to act like someone else, later he becomes a Navajo code talker with even more hardships to face. During these pivotal events, Ned experiences similar situations that I have been through. Ned was living peacefully on the Indian reservations until he has to go American boarding school hundred miles away.
In reality The Navajos were highly spiritual, and educated people who respected the land. The mindset of the “real Americans” demonstrates “how impressionable [humans] are in the face of a story”. Ned the main character of Code talker without the approval of his parents joined the American Navy and when being trained was “felt sorry for, before [they] even saw [him]”. Adichie's speech can relate to this piece of
The religious beliefs and practices of the Tlingit and Navajo people were similar in that their religions wasn’t like western religion, such as the organization, expansion, high priests or leaders. Both people groups’ beliefs were centered around spirituality, maintaining balance, and respecting all spirits, which is in all living things. They also had similar responses to witchcraft that was suspected within their communities. When people became ill, it was believed to be the result of witchcraft. The Tlingit would have a shaman cure the illness if possible.