A guiding ideology is one of the most important features of a totalitarian regime, since it gives the people a reason to be united and loyal to their government. The Nazi Party had a theory that the Aryan race, which the German people were a part of, was superior to all others. Also, the party itself was seen as a way of life dedicated to the re-birth of the nation, rather than one more political party amongst many. Finally, the interests of the state always came before the interests of the individuals, which was something promoted by the government. All of these aspects show how indoctrinated the German population was towards their government.
The Nazi Racial Ideology was a theory that allowed people to evaluate people by their racial group. Adolf Hitler, the leader of the Nazi Party, introduced the idea of the Nazi Racial Ideology. He thought that he was a deep and profound thinker and that he had found out how the world worked. The struggle of “race” was the law of nature and no one could ever overcome their traits of "race". In Hitler’s view, all the people would pass the qualities of their "race" to their kids.
The Nazism consisted of a high level of racism, trying to create the ultimate White Aryan race. This race of Germans was superior to all other races and White Aryan race’s place was very important to mankind and the danger for this race was considered Jews. According to Nazism ideology every institution and systems in the world that belonged to capitalism was created and led by Jews, and these Jews were a parasite to every other nation especially to the Aryan race. For national socialists, causes were not only economic but they were breaking the purity of the German race and making Germans lose their personalities as German. In Third Reich, German people were forbidden to marry the members of Jewish race and other races as well.
Totalitarianism is a one of the most brutal form of political tyranny and is based on the assumption that there is a single and exclusive truth in politics. The main aim of totalitarian regime can be considered as elimination of freedom and individuality, establishing a centralized system that controls public and private lives of its citizens. The economic depression in 20th century after World War One led to the rise of different totalitarian systems in various places. The transformation of Russian Empire from a rural country to a Socialist dictatorship, the imperial ambitions of Germany under Hitler’s leadership and thus declaration of one party state- National Socialism, Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution which transformed face of China were
The swastika had no negative associations up until its inclusion in Hitler’s Anti-Semitic policies and ideals. Its true meaning had been completely warped and distorted by the end of World War II. In modern times, when one thinks of Nazism, they think of the swastika, which carries only negative connotations. Despite being something as simple as a symbol, the swastika has managed to become the face of World War II and The Nazi Party, it is universally recognised as a symbol of hate, elitism and oppression, albeit having very positive
Many historians look at this issue with hindsight, comparing Hitler’s government to the model of one today. Instead, Hitler’s government should be analysed while keeping in mind that Germany was a totalitarian state. Since the country believes in a one ruler system, the government is very likely to be structured similarly as well. This in turn raises the question, through the system Hitler implemented, how were politicians able to prove themselves worthy of power to Hitler? Did this structure of the government truly hinder the rise of these politicians?
The Axis powers alone turned Europe upside down. The Axis powers main goal was to conquer the world. Germany was set to own Europe, Italy to gain Africa as well as other little parts of Europe, and Japan was set to rule all of Asia. They signed their steel pact treaty and began
(Sauer, 1967 : 419). Sauer explains that “no fascist regime has so far survived without its leader” (Sauer, 1967 : 419). Moreover, when scholars started to analyze the historical realities of the Third Reich in a detailed manner over the last decades, it has become salient that Nazism is entirely different from the “monolithic image” of the totalitarian regimes (Sauer, 1967 : 407). Yet, the supporters of totalitarian approach maintains that existence of repressive apparatus, monopolistic ideology and total claim on the ruled makes Nazism quite similar to the Stalin’s rule (Kershaw, 2004 : 241). On the other hand, those who identify Nazism as fascism argues that “the forms of organization and the methods and functions of mass mobilization of the NSDAP bear much
Persecution is the elimination of a certain religious, ethnic, or political group to strengthen the government's power. Often times the government uses the tactic of scapegoating, or blaming a group for the country's flaws, to achieve this (Key Traits of Totalitarianism Handout). Hitler blamed the Jewish people for Germany’s loss in World War 1. The Jews were used as scapegoats to reduce the humiliation of the Germans for losing the war. Because of this, Hitler’s goal was to cleanse Germany of any backstabbing Jews (Growing Fascism in Germany Notes, pg 1).
The racial policy of Nazi Germany included policies and laws implemented in Nazi Germany (1933–45) based on a specific racist doctrine declaring the dominance of the Aryan race. . This was combined with a eugenics programme that aimed for racial hygiene by compulsory sterilization and extermination of the "sub-humans" which eventually concluded in the Holocaust. The first Nazi racial policies were implemented just weeks after Hitler took power in early 1933. These first anti-Jewish policies were moderate, and there were no clear legal guidelines about who was and was not “Jewish”.