A clear aspect of what makes a state totalitarian is having one strong ideology and Nazi Germany perfectly covers this criterion. The government of Nazi Germany was a fascist state. The Nazi ideology uses biological racism and antisemitism, Nazi fascism’s ideology included a racial theory which praised the Aryan race and denigrated those who did not fit this race. Extreme nationalism was encouraged which called for the unification of all German-speaking peoples, the use of private paramilitary organizations to stop and terrorize the opposition, and the centralization of decision-making by, and loyalty to, a single leader. All of these aspects of Nazi ideology contribute to the idea that Nazi Germany was a totalitarian state.
The Nazism consisted of a high level of racism, trying to create the ultimate White Aryan race. This race of Germans was superior to all other races and White Aryan race’s place was very important to mankind and the danger for this race was considered Jews. According to Nazism ideology every institution and systems in the world that belonged to capitalism was created and led by Jews, and these Jews were a parasite to every other nation especially to the Aryan race. For national socialists, causes were not only economic but they were breaking the purity of the German race and making Germans lose their personalities as German. In Third Reich, German people were forbidden to marry the members of Jewish race and other races as well.
Feminazism: A form of radical feminism,which is militant and that embraces the hostile term “feminazi”, originally and most often used as a hateful label for feminists. women of colour feminism: Focuses on multiple forms of oppression, race and gender in particular, and also sexuality and social class. Equality Feminism: Argues that women should receive all privileges given to men and and that biological difference between men and women do not justify inequality. Feminazism: A form of radical feminism that is militant and which embraces the hostile term “feminazi”, originally and most often used as a hateful label for feminists. women of colour feminism:Not only does it focuses on multiple forms of oppression, race and gender in particular, but also sexuality and social class.
Introduction During the twentieth century Europe was under extreme circumstances that gave shape to the continent. It was a point of time where two ideologies rise in the continent; Fascism and Nazism. Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism formed in Italy. Its ideology consists in unifying its nation through an authoritarian state. On the other hand, Nazism follows theories of racial hierarchy, so it criticizes capitalism and communism for being associated racial ethics.
Another important section highlighted in The Long-Durée Entanglement Between Islamophobia and Racism in the Modern/Colonial Capitalist/Patriarchal World-System is Islamophobia as epistemic racism. This view on Islamophobia argues
Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf is a window into anti-Semitic Nazism, into the political and social life during the third Reich of 1930 Provincial Germany, and into the aggressive methods of argumentation used by the dictator. The first section of the book, Nation and Race, aims at formulating justifications for Nazism while reflecting on anthropological theories such as extreme Ethnocentrism, biological references such as “survival of the fittest” and human intelligence, political theories of fascism, fundamentalism and nationalism. Understanding Hitler’s arguments requires knowledge about the modern historical background of Germany, of Europe as a whole, and a thorough differentiation between fascism, nazism and communism. Providing a brief
There existed in Germany a modern scientific anti-Semitism, which focused on the perceived danger of biological traits in Jews that was passed on through blood. This modern view on racism stemming from the nineteenth-century was combined with an older more mythic belief on the Jews desire for world domination or destruction, as well as their ability to conspire to do so. That is why when analyzing the Holocaust one should not begin in the twentieth-century with the rise of Nazism, but rather in the more distant history of Europe, in hopes of understanding the legacy of anti-Semitism in which Nazism entered into. Yet a legacy of anti-Semitism could not explain an event as massive as the Holocaust was. It would require mass participation and resources, not just from Germans but from collaborators all over Europe.
Germany was a closed world, with knowledge being extremely restrained and limited to education only produced by Germany. Due to these confines, Hitler led his nation into a mindset in line with his doctrines which emphasized loyalty to the state of Germany and obeying Hitler’s rule (141). Judy Monhollen describes the anti-Semitic curriculum found in schools throughout Nazi Germany as racist and proving Aryan superiority in her article “The Effect of Nazi Propaganda on Ordinary Germans”. Monhollen demonstrates that, “history classes focused on the Nazi revolution and reinterpreted history based on racial principles, especially the significance of the Aryan race in world history. Biology centered on the laws of heredity, racial breeding, and
LAST VERSİON OF CAPİTALİSM Ideology and rationality would be quiet interwoven concepts when neoliberalism comes into question. Briefly, ideology is the set of values,thoughts, beliefs that affects government policies, people’s behaviours and political party movements and creates a model for future and good society. Besides that rationality is about using the means effectively that provides us to wanted goals. What is neoliberalism a rationality or ideology? ‘’In contrast with an understanding of neoliberalism as a set of state policies, a phase of capitalism, or an ideology that set loose the market to restore profitability for a capitalist class, I join Michel Foucault and others in conceiving neoliberalism an order of normative reason that, when it becomes ascendant, takes a shape as a governing rationality extending a specific formulation of economic values, practices and metrics to every dimension of human life.’’(Brown, 2011, s.30) Neoliberalism as a technical rationality creates a word that processes through economization and transmogrifies all aspects of human spheres and politics in accordance with harsh capitalism.
He presents neoliberalism as a concrete and stagnate, arguing that there is no room for evolution and institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) are just ciphers for these theories onto the rest of the developing world. Harvey presents neoliberal as having the presumption of perfect information and a level playing field, a utopian-esque view that results in the concentration of wealth and restoration of class power. A contradicting binary between possessive individualism and the desire to live a collective life is born from neoliberal policies. He argues that although individuals are free to choose what they want, they are only able to choose what the state has put forth as the neoliberal substitute. Simply put, neoliberalism uniformly promotes the pursuit of individual freedoms through the shift of power from the state to unaccountable institutions.