No matter how brutal or irrational such a movement might be, it nevertheless offered a sense of identity to those who had never sufficiently gained one or who had lost the one they had possessed. At this point, anti-Semitism could be seen as a catalyst that triggered the rise of totalitarianism, and all of them have their roots in imperialism. Also Arendt puts into perspective political and economic differences between Russia and Germany – private versus state property, an idea of superiority of a race versus domination of proletariat. Likewise points out that there are some similarities- such as brainwashing of the masses by means of propaganda and control by fear. The ‘’totalitarian man’’ could be
He has shown that as long as capitalism is there, the threat of fascism is always there. The crisis in capitalism which leads to the economic misery of the masses produces fascism. Thus, the ultimate cure of fascism is to uproot capitalism itself. However, it must be prevented whenever and wherever the fascist party rises. One of the reasons for the failure to prevent the Nazi party was lack of united opposition to it.
1. Introduction and hypothesis Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), the Nazi party grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany through totalitarian means from 1933 to 1945. The state party sought absolute control over nearly all aspects of German life in order to promote German pride and anti-Semitism. From the Nazis’ perspective, fashion was an alternative, non-physical power that serves as a vehicle of individual expression and sophisticated visual language. The fickleness and ambiguity in fashion presented a challenge to the totalitarian regime’s model, such that they are fundamentally incompatible (Lipovetsky, 1994).
With this being said, there are other similarities and differences between Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany were similar in that both were dictatorships. Both Mussolini and Hitler came to power through legal means and believed that people were divided into either inferior or superior races. For example, Hitler was obsessed with the Aryan race and called for the genocide of Jews during WWII. In addition, both Mussolini and Hitler favored the wealthy, believed that an individual was meaningless and must submit to the decisions of their leaders, and aimed at self-sufficiency so that each could survive entirely without international trade.
Propaganda is publication of information designed to control and convinces people to think and act in a certain way and maximize regimes like Nazi Regime. According to Adolf Hitler, “Propaganda is trying to impose a doctrine on the whole people. Propaganda works on the public position and proceeds from the idea of making the audience poised to accept this idea.” During the rise of Nazism in Germany in the thirties of the last century period, it was not anti-Semitism something new or unknown. Jews have suffered at the time from a long history of prejudice and persecution. And associated equipment Semitism manifested itself in a comprehensive national policy known as the Final Solution, and this is what did not get seen before, which sought to eliminate Jews from the face of the earth.
Hitler was given minor opportunities in power. “Some Nazis, led by Gregor Strasser, the most prominent socialist-minded member in the party grew impatient and urged Hitler to exploit the unstable political situation by directing the SA to overthrow the government and take power by force.” Hitler rejected the offer to overthrow the government, he then was asked by by Hindenburg to serve as Vice-Chancellor under Von Papen. Hitler also refused this offer saying, “He wanted the Chancellorship and calculated that as the leader of the largest single party that prize could not long be denied him.” Hitler had confidence that he could become Chancellor of Germany without any of the two opportunities offered to him. He felt that because he was the leader of the Nazis that he would win and that no one could deny him as opportunity as Chancellor. Hitler and the Nazis gained a large amount of support and Hitler stood behind the scenes in politics and kept his hands clean which was very wise and worked to his advantage.
Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf is a window into anti-Semitic Nazism, into the political and social life during the third Reich of 1930 Provincial Germany, and into the aggressive methods of argumentation used by the dictator. The first section of the book, Nation and Race, aims at formulating justifications for Nazism while reflecting on anthropological theories such as extreme Ethnocentrism, biological references such as “survival of the fittest” and human intelligence, political theories of fascism, fundamentalism and nationalism. Understanding Hitler’s arguments requires knowledge about the modern historical background of Germany, of Europe as a whole, and a thorough differentiation between fascism, nazism and communism. Providing a brief overview of the text, one could depict Hitler’s thesis seeing that it is easily stated in a few of his propositions. According to him, the existence of a Superior race (which is the Aryan race) is a way of Nature, implying that Domination itself is natural and is the way of God.
Both Hitler and his Nazi party and the Lord 's Resistance Army are extremist groups but in what way did they gain support and power? When we think of Hitler in the 20th century, the first thing we think of is how the Nazi party is an extremist group. It was a group that came to power in Germany because of a world wide economic depression and desperation amongst citizens. If you look at the 21st century, many extremist groups can be found that rule and came to power the same way hitler did. For example: The Lord 's Resistance army.
While Hitler had charisma, Churchill did not. According to Andrew Robert the truth is that Hitler exerted far more power over people’s imaginations and psyches than ever Churchill did. Hitler made use of two most powerful human emotions envy and resentment. After Germany lost the First World War and the ill treatment in the subsequent Versailles peace treaty, it was a downhill task to induce self-pity in the German people. And, Hitler quite well succeeded in this.
After that day, Pétain - the head of the new state- set up a new model of state, with some particular characteristics. The historiographical consensus says that Vichy became an “authoritarian conservative dictatorship”, distinguished from totalitarian movements by the relative freedom of the traditional authorities (Church, business, landowners, administration) and absence of mass mobilization, which makes it an excellent case study for the limits of the categorical approach. However, the main point of this dictatorship was the strong relation and collaboration with its conqueror: the Nazi Germany. However, even if it is not possible to deny the close relations between Pétain and Hitler, it is possible to consider Vichy, at the same time, neutral. Moreover, it is important to have a wide overview on the Third Republic.