Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian religion was polytheistic (belief in many gods), and the religion was an important part of their life. Gods in Mesopotamia and Egypt were identified with forces of nature. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilians believed in afterlife and buried tools with a dead body. Both civilizations created a new system of numbers; based on sixty in Mesopotamia and ten in Egypt. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt developed their own writing system to keep records and to share the knowledge (Cuneiform and Hieroglyphics).
The practices of Egyptian religion were efforts to provide for the gods and gain their favor. Of which the Ancient Pyramids start to symbolize the ancient man’s triumphs, but to the ancient Egyptians, they symbolized the being of creation; “the primordial mound from which life arose” (El Mahdy, Christine). The king of Egypt,
Certain gods are related. Pictures show their mysterious nature and were recognized by people as to who they most represented. Historians agree that Ancient Egyptian mythology dates back to 3200 BC, around the time of the first dynasty. Some evidence of hieroglyphic script has been found even earlier, in the protodynastic period. Showing the origin of their religious beliefs.
The Egyptians felt very strongly towards their gods. They created many stories and legends about them, to illustrate, the legend of Osiris and Isis is important to the people. Consequently, the afterlife was and many other events were explained in many of their legends. Another activity that shows Egyptian religion is how they created amulets. These amulets were supposed to ward of evil and to promote good luck.
Zoroastrianism can also be found to have had an influence on Christianity. Notably, the presence of Magi at the birth of Jesus is a major sign. Magi are the priests of Zoroastrianism, and the ones present at Jesus’ birth were probably Zurvanic, based on the timeframe during which his birth occurred as it was during the Parthian Empire, who were notably Zurvanistic. Magi can be derived from a description from Yasna 33, in which Zoroaster mentions that he will take action so his teachings can be “heard beyond the Magi”, or the class Zoroaster was born into.26 Magi were also previously mentioned in the book of Daniel, in which they are referred to as “wise men” who were led by him during his time at the side of Cyrus the Great.27 Their gifts also hold a slight significance to Zoroastrianism, frankincense in particular which holds a part in the maintaining of a sacred fire. An explanation for the magi presence at Jesus’ birth can be found in Zoroaster’s tales of the end days.
Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs Hieroglyphs were used as the writing system of the ancient Egyptians for things such as keeping written records, telling stories, writing letters, and more. According to Egyptian tradition writing was invented by the god Thoth to make the people wiser and to strengthen their memory so they called it medu netjer or ‘God’s Words’. Scientists say that there are three different types of hieroglyphics. Phonograms which are signs that represent a specific sound or sound of two or more letters. Ideograms represent ideas like the ones that represent Gods.
My exegesis is on Solomon’s dream and conversation with God at Gibeon in I King Chapter 3: 4 - 15. Verse 4: Solomon sacrificed in the high places. The New Jerome Biblical Commentary says, sacred sites, often on hilltops, for sacrificial worship. They were in common use in the Canaanite cult, and would later become the paradigm of all that was illegitimate in Israel’s own worship. The narrator explains to the audience that worship of Yahweh at the high places, heterodox in their own times, was allowed before Solomon built the Temple.
The ziggurat was an urban hub of administration, civics, politics, and public life topped by a religious center; the temple. The Priest Kings, who had divine right of rule through their deities, could commune with the gods in this temple. These Priest Kings were a symbolic bridge between the people and their gods. In contrast, the Egyptian Pharaohs were considered to actually be gods. They were divine beings who inhabited a human form for a period of time before continuing into the afterlife.
One of the most interesting aspects of ancient Egyptian society is its religion. The depth of Egyptian thinking and the rich imagination displayed in the creation of ideas and images of the gods and goddesses are beyond the way to compare. In elaborating their beliefs, the Egyptians were working on the cosmic plane. They want to search to understand the most basic laws of the universe. Their morals and society conformed as a result of religion.