had major issues that lead to exposure of problems through, what could have been, dangerous events like Shay’s Rebellion. Although crushed before it could do substantial damage to the country, this group of 300 men exposed some serious problems with the A of C. Some of these include the government not having a standing army, and the fact the the national government couldn’t levy taxes. Under the Articles, the states had these powers under the idea that a weak Federal government was best. One of the first privileges discussed was shown in Document 1 (letter from James Madison to George Washington). It is stated that “the national government should be armed with positive and complete authority in all cases which require uniformity; such as the regulation of trade, including the right of taxing both exports and imports, the fixing of terms and forms of naturalization….” These authorities that the national government should have, were all up to the states to decide under the Articles.
The articles are the foundation for how the U.S government is organized. Article l, gives Congress limits and powers, giving them the right to make laws. Also, creates the Senate and the House of Representatives. Article ll, makes the executive branch which has the responsibility and authority for the administration. The executive branch is the President and executive officers.
The reason Congress is given this ability is because Congress has assumed the position in order to better do its job. In many cases the Supreme Court has had to decide whether the interference of Congressional actions were constitutional, in the majority of these court cases the outcome has benefited the federal government. For instance, the case over McCulloch v. Maryland Chief Justice, John Marshall, interpreted the Necessary and Proper Clause, by conveying that the federal government (Congress) has the ability, under Necessary and Proper clause “to find the great powers, to lay and collect taxes; to borrow money; to regulate commerce; to declare and conduct a war; and to raise and support armies and navies. The sword and the purse, all the external relations, and no inconsiderable portion of the industry of the nation are entrusted to its Government.” Since the government collects taxes and borrows money, when Maryland did not comply with the U.S. National Bank they got in the way of tax collection. The McCulloch and Gibbons’ cases had an impact on regulation of
Problems came about because the government under the Articles of Confederation didn 't have enough power. States started to print their own money behind the laws back, they participated in foreign trade negotiations, and they organized their own armed forces. All of these issues led to the Constitutional Convention. Delegates wanted to divide power in the federal government. They refused to let the powers be taken over by just one man or group.
The National Security Agency has been keeping many people out of the dark for years about their policies. How can congress conduct their constitution oversight of the Executive branch if the agencies lie about what is going on? How can American voters make smart decisions if they are misinformed about its activities? As I discussed this issue with co- workers, some didn’t comprehend the importance of Snowden’s information. They all stated that we as American’s should not worry about the government looking into our business if we have nothing to hide.
The executive branch is in charge of making laws official, the legislative branch makes the laws, while the judicial branch is in charge of the courts and making sure each law is constitutional. Americans can expect the three branches of government to use the
1a. Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress didn’t have the power to tax the colonies so their only option was to request the states for money, which often ended in rejection. Because Congress had so little money to regulate the army/navy and resolve crises, they sold off western lands and printed worthless print money in desperate attempts to do without money. The constitution solves this dilemma by giving Congress the power to make revenue through taxing and borrowing and also the power to appropriate funds. In addition, the Articles prohibited Congress from regulating commerce which meant inhibited foreign trade and a weak national economy.
They pointed that nothing in the Constitution established the power of judicial review. McCulloch v. Maryland was a case that decided if states had the power to tax national banks within their jurisdiction. The federal government had not asked for permission to open the bank in the state, and it was competing with banks established by the state. The state legislature then passed a law taxing all banks in Maryland that were not chartered by the state. The Court ruled that the United States government did have the right to establish a bank in Maryland and that the state of Maryland could not tax the bank for doing so.
McCulloch vs Maryland Summary In case of McCulloch vs Maryland is a landmark case that questioned the extent of federal government 's separation of power from state government. A problem arose when the Second Bank of America was established. With the War of 1812 and it’s financial suffering in the past, the government sought to create a bank with the purpose of securing the ability to fund future wars and financial endeavors. Many states were disappointed with this new organization, one of them being Maryland. In response to this, “The Maryland legislature responded to this action by levying a tax on all branches of banks “not chartered by the legislature”—a move aimed at destroying the Baltimore branch of the Bank of the United States.
These laws are made by government officials. Laws must be obeyed by all. Laws set out standards, procedures and principles that must be followed. Law is the binding rules of conduct meant to enforce justice and prescribe duty or obligation, and derived largely from custom or formal enactment by a ruler or legislature. These laws carry with them the power and authority of the enactor, and associated penalties for failure or refusal to obey.
Member of the Judicial branch are appointed by the President. The judicial branch oversees the court system of the U.S. Through court cases, the judicial branch explains the meaning of the Constitution and laws passed by Congress The Judicial branch is basically the referee. It is there to clarify the rules and to be sure that both sides are acting fair. The main body of the Judicial branch is the supreme court.
The question is to research the Megan Law based on the ideal characteristics of criminal law. Is Megan Law a good law? In my opinion, no law is perfect, but our laws are made to protect the people, for instance, politicality is the infringement of our state rules and is considered a good law. This law makes it mandatory in almost every state that sex offenders register. The law of specificity provides a strict definition of certain acts.
Two days later,the second continental congress voted to adopt the declaration of independence,largely penned by Jefferson. On July 9,1776, the declaration,now with the approval of New-York, was read aloud in Philadelphia(O 'conner-30). The American government have strong constitution to protected their citizens on different issues as well as the divisions of government had a laws branches such as legislative,executive, and judicial branches assisted to the social policies. The executive branch is responsible for spending the government money the way congress is should be spent. This branch must also make sure that the people of the Unites States follow the laws that congress makes.
What problems would a Federalist have had with the articles of confederation and constitutional convention? A federalist (someone who believes in coexisting and strong federal and state governments) (Morone and Kersh 59) wouldn’t have liked the articles. This is mostly due to its structure (Morone and Kersh 53). Mainly, states had more influence than the federal government ("Independence and the Articles of Confederation."). In one case, because of one state, a tax couldn’t be raised (Morone and Kersh 54).