Necrotizing Fasciitis Research Paper

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Necrotizing Fasciitis also known as flesh eating bacterial infection is a rapidly progressing fleshing eating disease which destroy muscle, fat and skin tissue. Flesh eating bacteria release toxin and destroy the surrounded tissue. This infection occurs in people with compromised immune system. The bacterias that caused this infection are Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio vulnificus, Clostridium perfringens, Bacteroides fragilis, Aeromonas hydrophila. The infection usually begins locally by a trauma that allows the bacteria to enter the body. Necrotizing fasciitis often occurs after a minor trauma, such as scratching, rash, small cut, routine blood draw etc. causing bacteria to enter the blood stream. Flesh eating bacteria…show more content…
It is classified as a beta-hemolytic streptococcus because when cultured on a blood agar plate all the red blood cells are ruptured by the bacteria. It is also known as beta-hemolytic group A streptococcus. Streptococcus pyogenes begins infection on the surface of the skin or in the throat but is usually found in the throat. It is the same bacteria that the causes Strep throat. This bacteria can be life threaten when it infects the fascia, or connective tissue that surrounds muscles, blood vessels and nerve. Streptococcus pyogenes destroy red platelets, white platelets that is the body defense system, and other body cells. With the immune system compromised Streptococcus pyogenes is capable of causing many different diseases. These diseases range from mild, like strep throat and impetigo, to severe, like necrotizing fasciitis, and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. The bacteria typically enters the body through an open of the skin causing infection just below the skin that spreads to deeper…show more content…
Pain at the site of injury is severe and continue to worsen over time. Individual will experience flu-like symptoms such as nausea, fever, diarrhea and dizziness. Within two to four days after being infected, the affecting area beings to swell and show a purplish rash. The affected area may also develop a blister filled with blackish fluid, skin appears necrotic. Blood pressure drops because the heart isn 't pumping blood sufficiently and the body isn 't getting enough oxygen. The body begins to go into toxic shock from the toxin the bacteria is giving off. Diagnosis depends on how rapidly the skin changes, redness, pain greater than the actual injury, erythema, skin necrosis, bullae and crepitus. Amputation of legs, hands, finger, toes are likely to happen to save the person 's life. Amputation occurs because the immune system can 't fight the bacteria at the

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