Introduction This chapter provides a background of nurse burnout and their effect on quality of care and patients outcomes. It also includes a description of the purpose, research questions ,hypotheses and significance to conduct this study in Jordan along and the definition of the study variables. Background Burnout is the term often used, and the concept of burnout has important attention in the area of nursing. Maslach, one of the first researchers to begin investigating burnout, described it as “a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment that can occur among individuals who work with people in some capacity” (Maslach, Jackson, & Leiter, 1996). Freudenberger (1974) first described burnout as
This deterioration causes many negative effects to be brought upon nurses. It is named Nurse burnout, in most cases, burnout is in which basically a worker is overworked to the point they cannot do positive work. When workloads of nurses become overwhelming and they go through hard enduring shifts, they are more likely to contract symptoms of burnout. Burnout is very deterring especially in a field of utmost importance. This is important because it not only affects lifestyle, it plays a very large role in the work that the nurse outputs.
In a research study investigating the effect of burnout and other characteristics on patient safety, Welp, Meier, and Manser (2015) revealed that demotivation, lack of energy and reduced cognitive function in healthcare workers correlate with caregivers’ perspectives on safety and mortality ratios. Burnout is quite likely to affect clinician attentiveness which increases the risk of patient or clinician errors. Black (2014) posits that for nurses to effectively provide quality care to their patients, they need to meet their own self-care requisites. In view of the negative effects of burnout in advanced clinical practice, it is imperative to address this issue. Current studies attest to the effectiveness of self-care in minimizing the symptoms of burnout in healthcare professionals (Hylton, 2015; Weekes, 2014; Smith, 2015).
What is a solution for nurse burnout? Nowadays a great of organizations are finding that the engagement and commitment of nurses coincide with good quality patient care. When nurses are better engaged and committed you’ll find that you’ll notice that they work harder and perform better in their job. You may also find less absenteeism and less turnover. This will greatly benefit the hospital or employer.
Etiology of Burnout Burnout is the end result of work stress. The American Psychological Association (2015) states that about 75% of Americans suffer at least one symptom of stress every month. Stress is defined as an imbalance state in energetical supply which makes someone feeling difficulty to restore or compensate (Sanders 1983). Stress can be beneficial if it is considered as positive motivation or inspiration and does not pose a threat to someone experiencing it; however, stress can also mean bad stress and bring anger, tension, or confusion. According to Maslach et al (2001), the contributing factors of burnout may consist of situational factors and individual factors.
This is important because it tells us that nurses wouldn 't have enough time to perform tasks that can affect the patients’ care. If nurses are being overworked because of a nurse shortage, then patients’ would not have the best quality care they would need, which can be a
This shows how stressed nurses are from being overworked. They work long, stressful hours that can put their body 's health at risk. This can lead to a nursing shortage because of nurses being dissatisfied with their jobs. Another piece of evidence was about how the nurse-to-patient ratio decreases, and nurses are feeling
I had never thought of it before, but it was perfect! It fit both the things I want to do, work with kids and help people. I think nurses are so important. Without them a hospital would be nothing, and more people would be ill without the proper care they need. Nurses are there to care for the patient, support them, give them hope, and be there for them when nobody else is.
Just like all of us, nurses have responsibilities that extend beyond health care. Nurses are mothers and fathers, they are husbands and wives, some are even responsible for being care givers to other family member. Management should emphasize that they are flexible, they can do this by offering varying shift lengths and staggering stating time, this allows for nurses to choose what’s best for their personal obligations. Being able to plan around a child’s soccer game or school talent can be helpful for a nurse. In addition, health care providers can offer on-site programs such as child care center or gym.
What are the causes and consequences of stress in nursing? As we know there are majority nurses working in the hospitals where the facilities are opened twenty-four hours a day and seven days a week, so the hospitals always need nurses to take care of their sick patients. Also, nursing job is normally involved in a significant amount of physical work as well as mental work which can lead to the nursing occupational stresses. Absolutely, nursing duties and nursing working environment such as doctors and nurses’ relationship, colleague conflict, hospital rules, and patients’ demands are classified as the main factors impacting a lot of stress on nurses. Those impacting factors are known as nursing occupational stress.