(Achebe 129)” Chenowa Achebe speaks his thoughts on imperialism here by saying that even though the white imperialists thought they were doing good, they didn’t bother to even try to understand the natives’ feelings towards them. Although imperialism brought government stability and education, the long term effects of imperialism in Africa were negative because natives were made slaves, borders were poorly placed, and European religion/education was forced upon them. All in all, British Imperialism hurt Africa much more than it
Two ways a man can be enslaved are by force and by manipulation, to make one think that good will come out of doing what the master’s demands. Religion was used to control the minds of the slaves by manipulating slaves to be obedient and appreciative of their masters. What white slave owners did was almost similar to the Catholic clergy’s actions before the Reformation. They didn’t allow slaves to go to church themselves because they feared rebellion and slave owners would preach the “gospel” or hire someone. The attitudes towards whites differs between slaves who had been captured and brought from Africa to those born in America because native Africans had hatred towards the whites and had no value towards them.
“Because colonialism was seen as unjust, oppressive and repressive, Christianity was as well perceived as an ally or collaborator in a system of unwarranted economic, cultural and political exploitation”. Christianity was involved with the abominable trade in Africans as slaves. The evangelists claimed to be spreading the message of God, but by engaging in the practice known as the African slave trade, their commitment to the word of God can be questioned on every level. Many chiefs were wary of the Europeans and saw them as potential rivals to their authority. Some took the opportunity to show resourcefulness and the evangelists were allowed entrance into the Tswana communities.
This lack of consideration of the Igbo and their well-being from the Europeans further creates the drift that exists between the two cultures and drives them further apart from where they first started. It also raises the question of the intelligence of the white missionaries. How could a civilised and educated group of individuals who do not give themselves time to learn Igbo culture turn around and call Igbo uncivilised and uneducated? They certainly appear uncivilised and uneducated even though they claim to be. This is contradictory to
As the number of aboriginals decreased and came close to extinction. The British feared this therefore they promoted the idea of racial quality which ultimately failed, though it was the basis of racial equality in Europe and America. As different races rejected the ideas of civilization the British came to question the idea if these races could actually be civilized. Then came Tomas Carlyle who was a writer that appealed to slavery. He wrote, in the 19th century, about the necessity of inequality and that it was the proper way to rule society.
Booth Jr. In the book Booth begins by stating how contrary to Islam and the tribal religions being viewed as traditional to Africa, Christianity is considered as a religion that was imported from Europe to Africa. Christianity initially did not have a strong influence to the South of the Sahara until the beginning of the protestant missionary era. Later on in the centuries to come there were chaplains who had ministered to Africans, but they were later on forbidden when it became apparent that the conversion of Africans hindered the slave trade. Once the British realized the detrimental effects of the slave trade a ubiquitous effort began on the behalf Africa.
The majority of the tribes didn’t believe in the missionaries beliefs or want to follow their ways. Throughout this novel Chinua Achebe portrays a collision of cultures between the Christian missionaries and the Nigerian tribes, this collision resulted in Okonkwo questioning his sense of identity because his culture is a main part of his identity. To begin, the white missionaries went into the Nigerian tribes and at first they were not taken seriously, but soon after their arrival they became powerful and formed their own government leading to a collision of cultures. The two different cultures of the white missionaries and african natives were very different and had opposing beliefs. The white missionaries believe in Christianity, which means they believe in only one God, Jesus Christ.
Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships. This tension, built upon hostilities over colonization, and other poor treatment of African people, has helped contribute to the violence in Africa in the past. Furthermore, it is clear Europeans, and in turn, Americans, have always had a superiority complex towards Africans. This would lead to views of Africans as being inferior, which can lead to ideas of them being less civilized, and more dangerous. This compounds on the actual violence in Africa, and results in the world viewing the entire continent as violent and
To be commended are also some anthropologists such as Mercel, Griaule, Victor Turner, Edward E. Evans-Pritchard and others. Going back to JS Bolaji Intogou and E Mbiti, as Christians, sought to deny the alleged inferiority of African missionary religion and even argue that traditional religions are the foundation upon which Christianity was entrenched in Africa. For these theologians, the Africans had known God before the missionaries came. Refusing to swallow Western arrogance, Mbiti made clear, the missionaries who brought the Gospel in Africa over the past 2 centuries did not bring God in our continent. Instead, they were God led.
Just as they are outraged about the xenophobia against Nigerians in other countries, Nigerians should be equally outraged by xenophobia within Nigeria, which is based on religious and ethnic lines. We cannot condemn xenophobia based on nationalities abroad while we are silent about xenophobia based on religion and ethnicity at home,