2.6 months of learning is lost per year because students forget what they learned over the summer (Priddy). The traditional school calendar, which gives students three months of relaxation and no education, is having negative effects as the years go on. Year-round school, 45 days of learning followed by 15 days off, would provide students a less stressful year and other benefits as well. There are currently 3,253 year-round schools in the United States such as, Beecher Community and Flint High School. California currently has 130 year-round schools making it the leader in America (“Year-Round School Education Statistics”).
Based on its origin one can make the assumption that it will be a somber piece. It is beautifully composed with moments of dissonance that come to momentary relief as consonant. The meter does not stay constant through out the piece; often speeding up suddenly and can change from duple time to triple in an instant. Elegy has different phrase lengths, which can leave the listener with a feeling of uncertainty. This piece doesn’t fit into a precise form.
In 1993 Anders Ericsson published the results of a study on a group of violin players in the West Berlin Music Academy and found that the most accomplished student spent on average 10,000 hours by the time they were twenty years old. From Ericsson’s study, Gladwell coined the 10,000-hour rule. Liking into the study in greater detail, there are no actual measures of variance, which means there was no information taken on the range of time to reach expert status was given. Further, Gladwell chose the 10,000-hour number based on the participants reached twenty years of age simply because 10,000 hours was a nice sounding round number. Secondly, participants were asked to retrospectively estimate the time taken to reach expert status.
In Outliers, Malcolm says that if you practice at least 10,000 hours you will be successful. He provides countless examples, but the most notable ones were Bill Gates, the Beatles, Billy Joy, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In each of the examples, Malcolm provides memorable parts of the beginning of their career where they each had the opportunity to have at least 10,000 hours of practice to become successful. In Outliers the author writes, “‘How much time did I spend there? Oh, a phenomenal amount of time.
This quote helps explain why we should have a four day week. This isn't the only reason though. In addition, not only are tests scores better, but also student attendance. In the article, The Four Day School Week, by Don Kordosky, the author states, “ Attendance in some schools increased 3% as against available instructional hours” (Crosscut: "The Four-day school week: why less really is more").
Year-Round Schooling Summer break is great. We all think so. But when you walk into Algebra 1 your first day back at school and the teacher says, “Pop quiz! Lets see what you know!” And that’s the moment when you realize that you don’t remember anything from the previous year.
In others, neurons form more connections. (Martin, 2000) These brain changes can be long-lasting and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs. Adolescents drug abuse coexist with other mental disorders, such as attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder, affective disorders,
Recording music has certainly had a profound effect on music and our culture, and with that comes both negatives and positives. As far as negatives go, recording allows for musicians and labels to apply strict music right to their songs, becoming more of a business and changing the very nature of the music. Basically, it becomes more money oriented and effects the quality of the music. Now their are many positives as well, contrary to me saying it can diminish the quality of music, it can also make music much more complex and help use better understand how music work. Recording allows for the artist to listen to his own music and make changes where he thinks fit best.
In Variation V the theme gets obfuscated once again, the slow tempo being the only noticeable connection between the theme and the variation. The character of this variation is quite tranquil and reflective as the tempo itself implies (Adagio), but the demisemiquavers and the staccatos in scalic passages definitely bring in a certain kind of agitation which is amplified by the sudden dynamic changes (f-p). The descending scale at the end of bar 3 had been used previously in Variation II. Bars 5 and 6 contain an octave leap in the accompaniment which is reminiscent of the octaves in the bass line in Variation
Alissa Sauer (2014) goes on to say that music has been known to calm people down and provide stress release. This has been going on for centuries. Music evokes emotion even in the most advanced patients with dementia. Neurologist Oliver Sacks states that, “Music evokes emotion, and emotion can bring with it memory… it brings back the feeling of life when nothing else can” (Alissa Sauer, 2014). Music creates many new feelings for patients with dementia, and causes patients to change moods.
Gladwell investigated this 10,000 hour rule and applied it to two completely different types of people. He researched The Beatles and Bill Gates. The Beatles started out playing in these tiny clubs that would pay practically nothing. The amount of hours they were expected to lay were roughly 8 hours per show. Thinking about that number they played these sets seven days a week.
According to studies, only 10-15% of people retain the information that they learned in the previous year of school. Students have an increase in their stress levels when they feel as if they don’t know what they are learning or don’t remember what they learned. Many kids lose valuable information through long summer breaks. Year-round schooling is the apex of the educational timeline. Schools should be converted to a year-round calendar due to the many positive effects it has for students.
Research by journal paediatrics that at as little as 15 min break will highly impact the overall behaviour of students, it is the same for academics shown in research a 30 min activity break can highly benefit the overall grades of students. Studies in 2008 done by the university of Georgia showed that 65% of fatigue levels can be released by just 20 min of movement in break.(Blake,C,2015) A 10 week study done by dr. Ronald W. Deitrick showed that without break children that had not participated in the task put on ten pounds of fat (averaged) while those that did take part only in the task only put on one pound of fat, in a survey of 200 principles 65 stated that they had seen an increase in better social skills than been in class the entire time. A study done in 2009 by the journal of paediatrics found that 15 more improved social and behavioural skills in working periods of class.(Toporek, R 2011) People are coming together to move towards less physical education systems and more breaks in school, the Robert wood foundation founded in 2007 that as little as 36% of students receive the recommended amounts of physical activity. Also founding that recess is a crucial and necessary element in a childs development in day to day life.