By using rhetoric, Lincoln attempts to achieve his purpose of uniting the North and South. He appealed to the emotions of his audience to successfully convince them to
The Civil War is one of the most important and significant event in the American history. The Civil War occurred between 1861 and 1865 in what was the battle to determine the survival of the United States of America as a sovereign state with indivisible federal government. The Civil War where Confederate States of America sought secession from the United States was successful in the sense that the seven Southern states that sought independence from the United States failed. In 1865, all the Confederate armies surrendered ending the war and bolstering the United States as one nation where the South agreed to be part of the larger US. During the formation of the federal government, the governing principles were cooperation, compromise and inventiveness.
Although this only freed slaves in the rebellious area, it demonstrated the moral side of the war. In Lincoln's letter written in 1863, he stated “Why should they do anything for us, if we will do nothing for them?” (Doc 3). He is referring to the African Americans which shows that Lincoln’s policies and goals in the Civil War driven by the desire to enlist African Americans in fighting to preserve the Union. Consequently, the freed slaves were encouraged to enlist and take part of the Union side and army. Their addition into the fight against the confederacy was a great benefit for the Union.
The Civil War left traumatized people and many destroyed cities, which led to the Reconstruction. The Reconstruction was the process of trying to rebuild the South after the Civil War. The North and South had an interesting past in the year of 1876. The election of 1876 was a very controversial election, it was the 100th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.In 1870, Hiram Revels was the first black senator. The North ended the Reconstruction because they were too busy to look after the South, they were racist to African Americans, and they removed soldiers from Southern states.
Although his national strategy was to protect the union, the military strategy that he used to achieve it involved the abolition of slaves and using freed black men to fight alongside the Union soldiers. By this time, the war had shifted from a “limited” war to a “total” war with the purpose to over throw the social, economic, and political format of the southern government and culture. In the transition to a total war, it became clear that Lincoln was no longer to be considered conservative but rather more radical on the issue of slavery. McPherson, however, asserts that he was a “conservative revolutionary” in that he began conservatively, and under the circumstances—of both sides requiring total surrender--- was pushed toward a more radical standpoint to achieve his primary focus of saving the union. His radical stance ultimately led to the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment to create an
1. “How did Lincoln and Johnson each approach reconstruction?” Johnson did not have Lincoln’s moral sense and political judgement when it came to reconstruction. “As wartime president, Lincoln had offered amnesty to all but high-ranking Confederates” (464). Lincoln had proposed that when ten percent of a rebellious states voters had sworn loyalty (taken an oath), then the state would be restored to the Union as long as it had approved the thirteenth amendment to abolish slavery. Confederate states rejected Lincoln's offer, however Congress then proposed the Wade-Davis Bill, which Henretta refers to as a tougher substitute to Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan.
“The war that ensued started at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861, and lasted four years”(Confederate.., pg1). The North and South were quite different, so during the Civil war, each side had advantages politically, socially, economically, and demographically. One of the Advantages the North had was Political. The South seceded from the Union because they feared the end to slavery, so when they left the union they had no government. After all of the states seceded, they announced the creation of the Confederate States of America.
The Reconstruction Era: 1861-1877 After the Civil war, the period after was known as the Reconstruction era, and was a beginning towards a more unionized America. The South had lost the war, and the North was well on their way to reestablishing the states as a whole Country, and was beginning to rebuild the South once again. With a new era of ideals, the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments were passed and created a whole new victory for the slaves of America. They were granted freedom and citizenship, along with the men given the right to vote. But the South did not hold this well, for they still discriminated the blacks, and formed into racist groups to terrorize them and their new rights.
Meanwhile President Abraham Lincoln led the Union States of the North to a prosperous industrial economy. The Confederate States had no means of security and economic stability to last the entire war, which gave an advantage to the Union. After four years of hardship, the Union emerged victorious.
This was supposed to cause them to return to the nation, preserving the Union. Lincoln’s choice to fight rather than allow Southern states to secede was not caused by his opposition to slavery. He believed it was his obligation as President of the United States to preserve the Union by doing all he was able to do. Lincoln fought extremely hard to preserve the