Once again, the topic of vaccinations is extremely counterfactual. Hypothetically speaking, if an outbreak of smallpox erupts in a population that contains a high percentage of individuals who have been given the smallpox vaccine, then the concept of herd immunity says that the spread of smallpox will be contained. What I am trying to explain is that you need a high population of immunized individuals for herd immunity to properly function. So, if this trend of parents refusing to vaccinate their children increases, then diseases like polio that we have eradicated through vaccines could hypothetically show up again in populations where
Since the first invention of vaccines, there has been public resistance to vaccination. Resistance to the idea of vaccination is as old as the invention of vaccines themselves, with disputes ranging from the effectiveness and safety of vaccines to the threat to civil liberty that compulsory vaccination campaigns could pose. The CDC recommends a set of vaccinations for every child. These recommended vaccines lower the risk of contraction and develop immunity against many types of diseases. Some agree that vaccination protects the child and when most children are vaccinated, this creates herd immunity.
The primary focus of this paper is being able to vaccinate immigrant children once they are in the United States by developing a program. Immunizations have become an important tool that many countries use to protect themselves from disease thereby helping increase their population. Before immunizations diseases could wipe out much of a country’s population in less than a year. By using this tool to our advantage, we are helping to ward off certain diseases. One of the problems with re-emergence of diseases we thought we eliminated has been immigrant children bringing the disease to the US due to improper vaccination protocols in their country of origin or skipping vital vaccinations.
This movement declares mandatory vaccines unconstitutional and vaccinations overall as the cause of autism. Unfortunately, the anti-vaccination movement is becoming increasingly popular due to individuals’ unfounded fears and imagined consequences associated with the idea of purposely inserting a disease into one’s body. However, despite one’s beliefs, vaccines are essential not only to a person’s well-being, but to the health of those around them. Mandatory vaccinations do not cause autism; rather, they save lives while upholding values of
However, if used as a biological warfare agent, it is a immense threat to humanity and civilization because of its case-fatality of more than 30%. No cure or treatment for smallpox exists. Luckily, there is a vaccine to prevent it. Although the vaccine may have some side effects causing harm to the body, it is the only way to prevent smallpox.
Vaccines are injections given to provide immunity against a variety of diseases. They are designed to build your immunity without inducing the disease they are targeted for. For many years, there were a small number of vaccines available. In the past 10 years, this number has become much greater, creating concern in parents. In recent years, there have been vaccination bills introduced to end the ability for Americans to not vaccinate their children or themselves.
A large-scale study found that concussions in adolescents can increase the risk of developing multiple sclerosis later on in life. There are hints that head trauma may also be linked to the development of many other conditions, including multiple sclerosis. Health professionals are not entirely sure whether or not concussions are linked to these diseases or not. Past studies in animals have shown that trauma to the central nervous system, including the brain, may jump-start the kind of autoimmune reactions that are underlined with multiple sclerosis. Other risk of concussions are chronic headaches, amnesia and neurological disorders like Alzheimer 's disease or Parkinson 's syndrome.
Some believe that the virus that is being vaccinated against is alive in the vaccines, while others just have personal beliefs. Parents will let their unvaccinated child be treated for a brain infection, that was caused by a preventable disease, with weeks of IV antibiotics, yet still say no to vaccinations. If a parent did not provide their child with the right medical attention for a broken bone, child protective services would most likely apprehend the child and the parent could be charged with negligence. Many people have double standards when it comes to vaccinations and medical treatment. There is a very common misconception that vaccinations are optional.
Vaccines are one of the public health sector’s greatest achievements. However, there is an ethical dilemma within the balance of managing risks to public health and preserving personal and parental autonomy. The egoistic tendencies of parents who are unwilling to vaccinate their children, putting the welfare of their own family as well as the welfare of the population at risk to satisfy their personal morals and beliefs, is posing problems. Vaccination rates for certain diseases, such as for measles in the United States, are dropping for the first time in history due to various reasons, and outbreaks for these viruses are becoming more frequent. It is necessary that legislation considers various tactics in order to raise these values once again.
Even though some parents are concerned over the safety of vaccines, children who go to public schools should not be granted exemptions because vaccines are necessary to prevent outbreaks, children who do not receive vaccines are at risk of disease, and medically compromised children rely on vaccines to prevent disease. Vaccines are able to prevent disease in a single child, but their usefulness to society lies in their ability to prevent outbreaks. Vaccines prevent disease through the concept of herd immunity. Herd immunity is the idea that a disease will have a harder time spreading if the majority of the population is unable to contract it (Martinez). For example, if more than 90 percent of people are vaccinated against measles, an outbreak is unlikely to happen even if a person in the community is infected (Oster).
As a result of vaccination, antibodies will be produced that attack the weakened virus without infection occurring as it would with natural infection. The antibodies will remain in the body and when exposure to the virus occurs the immune system will have a memory of how to fight it in the future. Despite the biological benefits of vaccinations, there is still debate on this topic. It is important that we understand where people 's doubts about vaccines lie and if they are valid or not. The main concerns people have with vaccines are that they are believed to be unsafe, ineffective and unnecessary, but is this
The number of people who choose not to immunize is steadily increasing, and has been on the rise since the 1980 's.Should children’s health be at risk for the greater good of community health? The news today is full of tragic stories about complications of vaccine use and there have been injuries from the beginning of vaccine use due to incomplete data on the side effects. The injuries have also brought about changes in the way vaccines are manufactured. The only way to get around the vaccine is to claim religious or medical exception. For either of these exceptions, one has to have a notarized affidavit for religious exception or a form from the medical staff as to the medical reason for the exception and if an outbreak occurs, exempted persons are not allowed to attend daycare, school, or their jobs.
She uses this to argue and prove her point about vaccines. She uses scientists’ research to show us that “Vaccines will never be 100 percent safe”, (Eskola). She uses John Salamone’s story for pathos. His story was about how his child got polio by a vaccine and she uses this story to get the attention of readers who have children. She uses his story as an example to prove that although it is not often, vaccines do in fact have serious side effects that we sometimes overlook.
Those who feel unobligated to taking the vaccine, and feel attacked in knowing that a vaccination is mandatory, should understand why there is a vaccination requirement. The information swayed me in choosing mandatory vaccinations, if you are able to. These vaccination requirements should be those that if spread, have serious and deadly consequences. That there is a “significant reduction in illness and death from vaccine-preventable diseases is testimony to how well they work” (Feemster). Like noted above, the measles is an example of this.
Diseases that once killed thousands of children have been eliminated because of vaccines. Vaccines can prevent children from getting diseases like polio which have long lasting effects and can even cause death. If we do not keep vaccinating children, then polio and other devastating and deadly diseases could return. According to Vaccines.gov, “Polio was once America’s most-feared disease, causing death and paralysis across the country, but today, thanks to vaccination, there are no reports of polio in the United States”. (“Five Important Reasons to Vaccinate Your Child”) Whooping cough is another disease that can be prevented by vaccines.