Human body and its health problems had been unknown for centuries until the evolution of the medical field in the late 1800s which lead to a rise in the average life expectancy from thirty six to a sweeping seventy eight. Then specialists started to identify the structure and the function of each organ. That’s when they found how important some organs as well as the human body cannot work properly without it. The kidney is one of those organs due to how fundamental it can
Abstract: BACKGROUND : Among the various major diseases which are more prevalent in all over the world- kidney failure is one of them. At the end of 2004, some 1,783,000 people worldwide were undergoing treatment for chronic renal diseases, 1,371,000 (77%) were on HD treatment. Therapeutic diet for hemodialysis patients having ESRD is very important and it should be looked on as an integral part
was their hands, use sterile techniques for invasive procedures, and isolate those that have the
Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic or hereditary disorder in which clusters of cysts develop within your kidneys. Cysts are round sacs containing water-like fluid. Over time, these cysts will enlarge, multiply and damage the kidneys which can lead to kidney failure. Kidneys are usually the most severely affected organs from this disease, but cysts can also develop in your liver, pancreas, spleen, ovaries, and large bowel. Polycystic kidney disease can also affect the brain and heart. PKD is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure. This disease is found in all races occurs equally in men or woman and causes about 5% of all kidney failure.
A thirty-five-year-old married man with four children is suffering from the end-stage of kidney failure. All do to suffering years with chronic renal inadequacy and kidney disease. He is currently on dialysis, which has improved his health significantly to where he can function well and can expect to remain about the same while on it (Grisez, 1997, question 50).
All my life I have struggled with my kidneys, more specifically my ureters. I was born with one of my ureters smaller than the other, which resulted in having complications to void. If I didn’t go to the bathroom the second I needed, intense bladder infections that would give me high fevers for days was expected. Everything from experimental surgeries, to having an injection brought in from NASA was done.
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder categorized by the growth of numerous cysts in the kidneys. Said cysts are filled with fluid and slowly replace most of the mass of the kidneys. This inevitably reduces kidney function and eventually leads to kidney failure. When PKD causes the kidneys to fail, which typically happens after many years, the patient requires dialysis or a kidney transplant. Approximately one-half of the people with the major form of PKD advance to kidney failure, also known as end-stage renal disease. Approximately 500,000 people in the US have PKD and is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure.
The kidneys and bladder rule over the element of water within the body. The kidneys are responsible for filtering the blood. By offering our body extremely high quality water, we help the kidneys do their job more efficiently. Organic water from fruits and vegetables and especially coconut water (nearly identical to blood plasma) are ideal substances to ease the kidneys' workload. The kidneys are affected by salt balance in the body. When the body contains organic sodium or pure salts, it gains the ability to store water in our cells andc an help the kidneys. The kidneys also function as the battery for the body's energy,. The bladder is where water is to be removed from the body is stored.
We now have one or both kidneys that are swollen can cause discomfort why is the function of the kidney important? Because their job is to filtrate the waste products out of the blood. However, those toxins build up which is what causes some of the symptoms of acute pyelonephritis such as vomiting, nausea, and fever. Pyelonephritis can also lead to sepsis, which is when the bacteria enter the bloodstream
Cases of ADPKD require a symptomatic treatment by prophylactic and supportive measures such as tight blood pressure management; also include adequate pain control, antibiotics for urinary tract infections, sufficient fluid intake, and avoidance caffeine and smoking. Urinary tract infections could be treated by using cyst-penetrating antibiotics, which is lipophilic agents penetrate the cysts consistently such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and fluoroquinolone (Elzinga et al., 1987 and Elzinga et al., 1988). 11.126,127, Whereas cyst hemorrhages require a careful administration with bed rest, analgesics and water. Also cases of nephrolithiasis require prophylactic measures, which include good water intake, such as potassium citrate was suggested for three causes of stones associated with ADPKD, uric acid lithiasis, hypocitraturic calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis, and distal acidification defects (Torres et al., 2007). 9A. In severe cases, stone can be treated by alternative approaches, which include extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (Christian et al., 2010)11.
Kidney stones can effect everyone regardless of gender, nationality or age. Men are more prone to have kidney stones than women because men usually have larger muscle mass compare to women. Other cause is that men have a complicated urinary track that involves the prostate gland that can sometimes obstruct the bladder outflow. To diagnose a patient with kidney stones several test can be perform such as urinalysis, blood work, x-ray, CT scan and a physical. Symptoms of kidney stones include intensive pain when urinating, nausea, vomiting, blood in urine, and pain in abdominal are or genitals. As a medical assistant I can a support a patient experiencing kidney stones by writing everything down he tells to for the physician to read
I was involved in patient journey from their early diagnosis of CKD stage one to the end stage of renal failure. That gave me an insight of how patient’s life can be improved by giving good care to the vascular access and make it last long. There is conflicting evidence about the best technique to use for needling the AV fistula; therefore I believe extended literature review is needed. There is lack of international guidelines or specific criteria to divide if the patient suitable for rope ladder or Buttonhole technique. For example, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has no clear guidelines classifying dialysis patient for which cannulation technique need to be
The kidneys are a pair of organs that help remove wastes from the body and maintain internal balance. When kidney disorder occurs, these functions may be compromised. People who only have 20 percent kidney function remaining may face renal failure, an end-stage kidney dysfunction which can be life-threatening. To avoid this, patients must consult a nephrologist, who is a kidney specialist to get proper treatment and advice.
Kidney stones have been found throughout history. Scientists found evidence of kidney stones in a 7,000-year-old Egyptian mummy. Kidney stones can also be called renal stones, renal calculi, or by the medical names nephrolithiasis and urolithiasis.