The idea of virtue ethics was first introduced to the world by Aristotle over 2,300 years ago in 325 BC (Rachels 173). Virtue ethics operate on the belief that people develop good character by looking at the virtues they admire in other people and emulating them. In order to do this, a person must ask themselves what kind of person they want to be and focus on choosing characteristics not specific people to emulate. Unfortunately, virtue ethics were quickly overshadowed by other perspectives on ethical theory as Christianity gained popularity and values changed. As time went on people stopped asking themselves, “What traits make a good person?” and instead asked, “What is the right thing to do?” (Rachels 174).
The virtue ethics theory focuses on what actions or choices an individual should choose based on their own personal inward character. Therefore, if an individual’s character is good then his or her actions or choices should also be good. The virtue ethics theory places responsibility on the individual for their actions or choices when confronted with a moral dilemma. Whereas, “a utilitarian or a Kantian theorist asks, what should I do?, a virtue ethicist asks, in effect, what should I be?” (Vaughn, 2010, pg. 134).
Unlike other theories it 's not something one should have to fight for, or earn, or know. One can only get better at it by practicing it. It creates an opportunity to not be selfish and look at how other people act and how they are virtuous and gives you a chance to be more like other people. Emulating others who are virtuous allows for more rational thinking and a better sense in general of doing the right thing. According to an article titled, Virtue Ethics: An Approach to Moral Dilemmas in Nursing, “Virtues are beneficial to human interaction and communication, and to the functioning of human society,” (Arries, 2005).
Ethics also called moral philosophy, “is the discipline concerned with what is morally good and bad, right and wrong. The term is also applied to any system or theory of moral values or principles”.1 For Socrates “Ethics are the norms by which acceptable and unacceptable behavior are measured”.2 He believed that individuals develop ethics through maturity, wisdom and love. Ethics have developed as people have reflected on the intentions and consequences of their actions. Immanuel Kant however argued that “moral requirements are based on a standard of rationality he called the Categorical Imperative”.3 Kant’s theory can be seen as an example of the deontological moral theory. According to this theory, the rightness or wrongness of actions does
We seek out for people for different purposes, and this affects which virtues are relevant. For example, in looking for an auto mechanic, we want someone who is skilful, honest and conscientious. But we also assess people as people in a more general way, so we also have the concept of a good person which is known as moral virtues. In compliance to this, there is an arisen question on what the virtues are and which traits of character should be cultivated in human beings. In Aristotle’s approach, he included a list of virtues which can be applied to many situations we find ourselves in on an everyday basis.
Decisions about right and wrong fill each and every day. Turmoil exists due to deciding if Deontology, where one acts based on the right motives, or if Utilitarianism, where one should act in a way that would produce the best results and consequences, should govern decisions and their morality. However, I believe Deontology, which is reason and duty based, serves as the superior way to dictate morality. In this paper, I will explain both the principles of Deontology and Utilitarianism, discuss the superior aspects of Deontology as compared to Utilitarianism, as well as grapple with objections to Deontology. While both ethical frameworks contain parts of ideologies that could be seen as valid, Kant’s theory on Deontology holistically remains
Ethics- Ethics is the branch of philosophy concerning principles of good conduct in human life. “Ethics is the branch of philosophy that theoretically, logically and rationally determines right from wrong, good from bad, moral from immoral and just from unjust actions, conducts and behaviour.” Some people define Ethics as ‘doing what you say you will do.’ Ethics is two things. First, ethics refers to well-founded standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness, or specific virtues. Secondly, ethics refers to the study and development of one 's ethical standards. Overall, Ethics establishes the rules and standards that govern the moral behaviour of individuals and groups.
Introduction Ethics is the theory of human behavior that could be seen from right or wrong and as long as it was rational and doesn’t harm other. Ethics have a strong relation to the Moral, and moral have a strong relation toward the Culture. Ethics shape the way we live, what should we do, and also show us whether it was right or wrong behavior. Ethics also act as the measurement for everyday live whether it was good or not. Professional ethics is the characteristic of how should the professional do toward its profession.
Rule utilitarianism is more concerned with fairness and the law. The ultimate goal is to still satisfy and benefit the most people, but only through the most just and fairest means possible. A rule utilitarian seeks to benefit the most people but through the fairest and most just means available. The Deontiological ethical theory is that of duty, coming from the Greek word 'deon '. Duty as in that we are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles and rules regardless of outcome.
If everyone were to start following virtue ethics, crime would be nonexistent, everyone would treat each other with respect and compassion, and the world would be a better place; however, everyone has a different definition of the truly virtuous man. What might be the most virtuous thing to do according to one person might be a crime according to another person. Virtue ethics deals with how a person should act, not how a person’s actions should affect others. This can lead to problems as well. In all, virtue ethics is a strong ethical theory but it’s not