Negative Ethics: Deontology, Ethics, And Consequentialism

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In Philosophy there are different branches to explain the defining features of what philosophy discusses. One of the important branches defined under Ethics is Normative Ethics. Normative Ethics is the content of morality, how something should be or have to be. The three defining features composed in Normative Ethics include Deontology, Virtue Ethics as well as Consequentialism. Deontology is the concept of which moral obligation is from a strict set of principles that are followed no matter what the consequences are when approaching and ethical question ( ). It is an ethnical theory which distinguishes from right and wrong. Deontologists follow the moral rules and laws and do their duty. Deontology avoids being subjective because the actions…show more content…
It is of moral importance to cultivate habitual acts such as generosity, courage and friendship ( ). Virtue Ethics live a life of moral character and quire virtue through practice. They do not have a specific set of moral rules or laws for resolving ethnical problems. Virtue Ethics is a cultivation of moral character, it focuses on being and character. Virtue Ethics is habitual, not necessarily religious and involves having a complex mindset with no external influence. It involves having intrinsic value which is the value is in itself as well as extrinsic value which is established from external motivation. Virtue Ethics focus on being rather than doing and is exercised on moral character and Eudemonia. Eudemonia is roughly translated into happiness, human flourishing, happy lifestyle, etc. A person acquires a set of skills based on how their life flourishes, with the capacity to navigate and increase their human flourish. It is agent based so it requires a person with a capacity to think. Virtue Ethics emphasise moral character on the basis of morality because it requires the calculating of moral character, a person acts morally when faced with a…show more content…
Consequentialism determines what is right and wrong based on what the outcome of the problem or dilemma is, causing it to be a reason-based approach. It judges what is right by which consequences increases pleasure. It handles the concept of the greatest good for the greatest number. Consequentialism (Utilitarianism) – intentions have nothing to do with the consequences of your actions. It depends on the consequences (you must or must not). ONLY consequences, outcome orientated. Action vs Intention. Focuses on increasing the sense of pleasure, happiness, preference or interest. Act = maximises the good. Rule = setting a moral code containing rules. Consequentialism states that an act is only ethnical if it maximises the overall happiness for everyone involved. You do something in condition to receiving something in
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