The Suitors exhibit hubris by having no civility when they cause discord at Odysseus’s home and among his family, because they believe because they are of higher social class in Ithaca, they have a right. Athena disguises Odysseus as a worthless beggar, and he travels to his home to beg for his own food, where he an encounter with
Odysseus’ crew gives in to their inability to resist hunger on the Sun god’s island. Although Odysseus tells them not to kill the Sun’s cattle, hunger takes over their sense of responsibility. Their crumbling integrity gives out and hopes begin to swing between the crew. Some thinking, “. . .to die by hunger . . . is the most pitiful of all. The crew becomes so dishonest that they would rather, “. . . open-mouthed in the sea , give up, . . . life at once then slowly let it wear away. . .” One’s integrity is often shown where there is humiliation or dishonesty. When Odysseus disguises himself as an old man, he shows integrity through his words. When he was told about the suitors, and how inhospitable they were being he replies, “. . .should they by their numbers crush me, all single and alone, far rather would I die, cut down within my own hall, than constantly behold disgraceful deeds, strangers abused, and damsels dragged to shame through the fair palace, wine running waste, men eating up my bread, all idly, uselessly, to win what cannot be!” Even though Odysseus is disguised, his words symbolize Odysseus’ own traits of high moral standards. His integrity is revealed through the words of the
1. What does Telemachus tell Penelope in regards to the news he heard from Menelaus and Nestor in regards to Odysseus? He tells her the little news he received about Odysseus, but doesn’t tell her he meet Odysseus at the swineherd’s hut.
In Book 2 of, The Odyssey, many suitors are vying for Penelope's hand in marriage. They plan to take over the throne and assume the role as king because they believe Odysseus will never return. Telemachus, Odysseus's son calls upon the assembly with the hopes that they can do something about the many suitors in his house. While everyone involved, including the suitors, the assembly, Telemachus, and Penelope share blame for this stalemate, ultimately, the suitors are the most to blame for the fact that they've been consuming Odysseus's wealth for almost four years.
Xenia, or rather reciprocated hospitality, is indispensible in ancient Greek life. Zeus, the god of xenia would ensure that Greeks were hospitable and cordial towards their guests, or consequently faced his wrath. Xenia is a mythical theme that appears countless times throughout The Odyssey. Hospitality is not only practiced throughout the epic, but moreover, hospitality is expected between hosts and guests. The scene at the house of Walsh is a primary example of xenia in O Brother, Where Art Thou. The escaped convicts, journey to Walsh’s house where they are met with an unconventional welcome of a small boy pointing a gun towards the men, and shooting at their feet. Still, the boy lowers his gun upon learning that he is related to Pete, and
The Odyssey by Homer is an exemplary story that teaches life lessons to those going on a journey for themselves. It illustrates how the challenges and obstacles one may face can help someone become a better leader. The Odyssey highlights one man, Odysseus, a man filled with excessive pride, experiencing the wrath of the god Poseidon. He expects to arrive at his home, Ithaca, safely to reunite with his wife, Penelope, but unfortunately faces many temptations and setbacks. Due to the challenges he faces, it prevents him from arriving home as early as he thought he would. Although Odysseus in The Odyssey by Homer does not learn life lessons easily and constantly puts himself and others in danger, the challenges that come his way helps him
Xenia in the time of The Odyssey was a way for hosts to show off just how much they could spoil their guests. However, modern day xenia has taken on a very different form. Xenia once entailed bathing one's guest and throwing a feast, but now donating money or a blanket is viewed as generous. Though ancient xenia entailed showering one's guest with gifts and asking no questions before letting a stranger into one's house, modern xenia has taken on a much simpler form to make the practice more accessible.
“Greed is a bottomless pit which exhausts the person in an endless effort to satisfy the need without ever reaching satisfaction.” -Erich Fromm
First, Athena makes a plan for Odysseus to meet Princess Nausicaa on Phaiacia. The two Greeks do meet, and even though Odysseus is a complete stranger, which the Phaiacians are not fond of, that Nausicaa is aware of, the princess welcomes Odysseus and makes a plan for him to stay in her father Alcinoos’ palace. When Odysseus arrives in the palace of Alcinoos, he is given a throne in which Alcinoos’ son Laodamas was previously sitting in, and is given a feast. “There they were, face to face: the King in his majesty, and the castaway with only his knowledge of man and his ready wit. Alcinoos held his hand out to Odysseus and led him from the hearth to a high seat where his own son was sitting, near himself, for he loved the courteous Laodamas best of all his sons. He moved his son out of that seat and placed Odysseus there. A servant brought the hand-wash, poured it from a golden jug over a silver basin to rinse his hands; then set a table beside him. A dignified housewife brought bread and laid the table with all sorts of food, and plenty of it. Then the strong man ate and drank after all his troubles” (87). As well as feeding, bathing, and bedding Odysseus, Alcinoos agrees to convey Odysseus back to Ithaca, and protect the warrior from harm until he reaches his destination. The Phaiacian royals show that they adhere to the critical nature
A major theme in the Odyssey is reciprocity: people getting what they deserve. Reciprocity is an important theme in the Odyssey because it explains why Odysseus’ journey was very long and treacherous. Eurylochus, Antinous, and Odysseus all suffered consequences due to poorly made actions. Each of them made the wrong decisions which lead to death and a long/adventurous journey.
What is the definition of a good person? The view of a good person changes as time goes on. However, the Odyssey is still the foundation of human morality. The Odyssey, created by Homer, is an ancient telling of a man named Odysseus and his journey home from the Trojan War. The morals found in the Odyssey show readers the benefit of being able to view situations from multiple points of view. Also, the text shows the beneficial outcome of resisting from temptations that distract people from completing their goal. As well, how learning from mistakes can prevent their repetition. The Odyssey, a text of antiquity, serves its purpose as a moral guidebook for contemporary behavior.
After Telemachus’ father, Odysseus, had left for war and never returned several suitors began to move in in order to obtain Penelope’s, Telemachus’ mother, hand in marriage. They are rude and act as if the house of odysseus belonged to them, eating food, drinking and making a mess. Telemachus calls an assembly to address the problem with the suitors “How arrogant
“Treat others the way you want to be treated.” We’ve all heard that overused phrase growing up. The same goes for me as well, and to me, respect has been a huge part of my culture and many other Asian cultures. Respect is the root of what makes people who they are today. It shows that you admire them, that you care for them, or possibly even fear them. For example, in The Odyssey, Odysseus and many others show their respect to the gods. After escaping from the Cyclops's cave, Odysseus divided up the stolen sheep, but he slaughtered the old ram in Zeus's honor to appease him. Zeus’ lightning descends and…,k,mlkmlkmlk
The theme of Xenia was one of the most spotted out in The Odyssey, which is the Law of Hospitality. The Law of Hospitality is being polite to strangers who need assistance but it is more than it’s a host and guest relationship. Xenia is seen throughout The Odyssey.
However, Priam sought hospitality and mercy rather than revenge. Hospitality is also important because of its link with honor and glory, another common theme in the Iliad. By combining the theme of honor into situations that also relate to hospitality, characters can make concrete points and develop the story. Achilles, when being to rejoin the army by Phoenix in book nine, is hospitable, however, he is also concerned with his honor as Agamemnon had just dishonored him. The combination of these two themes allow Achilles to make the point that he will be hospitable to his friends and fellow soldiers but due to the slight on his honor he will not be able to forgive Agamemnon. This shows how hospitality becomes important in situations that involve honor as Achilles is able to be hospitable to anybody but Agamemnon, showing that, hospitality becomes more complex when linked with the theme of honor, but just as important. Overall, the importance of hospitality is characterized by its effects on situations, character development, and its link with