Mentally ill offenders comprise a huge segment of the country 's prison populace, bringing about various difficulties to correctional administrators who lack formal preparation or instruction on the best way to communicate, look after, and secure this specific populace (Pittaro, 2017). Correctional administrators confront a large group of difficulties with regards to mentally ill inmates. These particular inmates require more supervision and more care with respect to their prosperity in the correctional facility that they reside in. In most facility, the mentally ill prisoners are restricted to the minimum about of counseling services which may prompt troublesome practices. As indicated by an article written by Lloyd I. Sederer, M.D., "All patients have both a right to treatment and a right to refuse treatment (Sederer, n.d).”
The prison system prior to 1973 was seen as an ineffective way of controlling crime, and Congress was starting to loosen up the drug laws; crime was declining quite tremendously, federal prisons were starting to close, and drugs were seen more as more
One reason for this is more money is spent on the U.S. correctional system than the US educational system. The U.S. also has a rise in extreme incarceration conditions while simultaneously having decreasing availability of rehabilitation services (Bobo & Thompson, 227). When both educational and rehabilitation services are not readily available, this contributes to crime and arrest rates, and increases overall recidivism rates. Another factor is the U.S. has what is known as a ‘Mass Incarceration’ society. The effects of having a society such as this are high incarceration rates far above like societies, and “the social concentration of imprisonment effects” (Bobo & Thompson, 227).
Recidivism and prison reentry has caused a challenge in the criminal justice system for many years. The reason that recidivism has caused a huge impact on prison reentry is because when a ex-prisoner is released back into the community, theres’s no guarantee that the ex-prisoner will not relapse and commit a new crime. The criminal justice should create better regulation to reduce recidivism in prison reentry. I think one regulation should be that prison rehabilitation programs should include programs that aim to help immates cope in the community when they’re released from prison. After prisoner’s are released from prison, I think offenders should continue with rehabilitation programs by choice or under community supervision.
While "tough on crime" policies may be effective in incapacitating offenders, little consideration has been given to the impact this mass incarceration effort has had on offenders following their release from prison. Every year more than 600,000 people are released from jails and prisons to face the challenge of re-entering society in a productive capacity (Geiger, 2006; Travis, Solomon, & Waul, 2001). Due to the collateral consequences of a criminal conviction, reintegration is often met with a host of daunting and unnecessary barriers. Black Americans comprise a major segment of the neglected population and when they are released from prison the barriers to reintegration are often compounded by the stigma of their racial classification and the mark of a criminal
Something will always need to be fixed in society because society is a reflection of us, and we are not perfect. Recently, there’s been many issues that have caught the attention of people living all across the world. Things such as police brutality, sexual assault in the workplace, and immigration law, just to name a few, but there’s also been an underlying issue that people are becoming more informed about, and that I believe matters - prison reform. Prison reform matters because in many instances, prisoners are treated inhumanely when they are locked up, and aren’t treated as humans when they have served their time. I believe we can bring about change in the prison system by changing the way we punish people who do commit crimes and focusing more on actual rehabilitation.
One theory that can explain the topic of Mass Incarceration is that people are being sent to jail more and more for a longer period of time. Also, there is an obvious and high rate imprisonment within the community of color. For many years we have been told that the number one reason for increasing rates of incarceration is due to the war on drugs but in recent years we are learning through statistics that it not just drugs. Legislating has passed many new and tougher sentencing laws over the past 35 years. To explain prison growth, in state prisons 90 percent of prisoners only about 17 percent of incarcerated are due to drug offenses.
Due process was also addressed. Attempts to limit the states discretion and abuse of penalties against the offender were also addressed. This was all in an attempt to limit the problem of the growing amount of repeat offenders, who found little recourse in life but to identify with a life of
Sweeping changes need to be made the juvenile system. They’re too many incarcerations, Locking up the children of our future based off a minor mistakes. In the future if these problems are not fixed we will continue to have a high number of youth incarcerations, and an even higher number of future adults going to prison. This cycle needs to be broken, or a significant change needs to be made. “More surprisingly, given that prison is supposed to deter crime, going to jail also made kids more likely to offend again.
The issue of mass increase in the number of aging inmates has become a major concern for the government agencies and researchers. This is based on the resulting social and economic impact that the growing population of elderly inmates impose. As Rikard and Rosenberg (2013) notes, the trend of rapidly increasing population of prisoners above fifty five years is likely to go higher unless the current federal and state laws are reviewed to come up with a possible solution to deal with the associated impacts of the elderly population in prisons. According to the research conducted on the causes of this trend, it is noted that the shift of sentencing from rehabilitative to incapacitating sentence after the Vietnam War can be attributed to be the cause of the current situation in prisons in addition to resulting to overpopulation in correctional facilities.
Prison cells have changed in the past couple years to withstand rust or mold from disturbing or breaking the iron bars. The second most important improvement was the treatment of inmates/prisoners. The prisoners have changed a lot in the past century or so because they have developed a new way for entertainment or pleasure. That was sexual humiliation of what the prisoners did to each other. Other than pleasure they have gotten more dangerous because in prison, criminals have records that have skulls or stars that show how dangerous they are.
Most people in the United States each year go the prison and keep there for non-violent crime, such as drug related offenses. This issue has affected many family’s life for many years and caused the prisoners to deprive from many of their rights. Lacking the appropriate policies for keeping drug related offenses in prison has been a public health crisis and created a new addiction, like penchant for locking people up in prison. The author in this article “prison addiction: why mass incarceration policies must change.” discusses about lacking the appropriate policies for incarceration for non-violent drug related offenses.
1: Drug addiction, reasons are increasing day by day. 2: However, government are trying to reduce, but it is helpless and a lot of reasons behind this poverty, poor, education, and unemployment. 3: And this drug incarceration policy should be change. 1: Prison is not giving proper guidance 2: Rehabilitation 3: Unemployment rate 1: