For example, one racial project that has taken hold in the Black community has been on black beauty. Although a “Black is Beautiful” movement started in the 1960’s there was a natural hair movement in the 2000s that sparked social, political and economic change. Dominant culture dictated straight and “neat” hair; this was a way to control Black bodies both socially and economically, as certain workplaces maintained racist guidelines on appearance. This racial project challenged the beauty norms, triggered a 34% decline in relaxers since 2009 (Sidibe 2015) while increasing the market of Black beauty supplies, while also advocating for changes in racist regulations such as “unauthorized hairstyles” outlined by the U.S. Military (Rhodan 2004).
Today, health disparities among minority populations is a growing phenomenon that can be prevented with extensive research. A health disparity is a disease that differs greatly in occurrence among different populations. The focus in this critique will be on health disparities among minority populations in the United States, since little nursing research has been done in this area. The more research conducted on health disparities among minorities could improve the gap that exists between minority groups and prevalence of certain diseases. The two articles I chose to critique are Gaskin et al.
Gentrification is a fast growing process in most cities today. Displacement through gentrification has many side effects for low-income families. Gentrification is a major problem; it is the displacement of people of lower socioeconomic status and replacing them with people of higher economic status, raising the property rates on these gentrified properties so that the lower classes can no longer afford to live there and further creating social inequality among the citizens of our community. We take broken parts of town and convert them into lavish attractions for visitors and natives. These so-called broken parts of town have residents who can no longer afford to live in these parts.
1. Students from minority backgrounds do not have the same opportunities educationally. a. Minority students are much less likely than white children to have good resources in elementary, middle, and high school academia. In predominantly minority schools, schools are large.
The perennial disconnect between increased opportunities for whites instead of blacks success lies in the preexisting culture of racism embedded in Philadelphia’s history. Philadelphia is notorious for police brutality against blacks, where “one of the first race riots of the civil rights era erupted in the city in August 1964 after two police officers forcibly pulled a black woman from her car” which “resulted in over 700 arrests and 200 cases of property damage” (Sauter, 2017). Although a miniscule example in comparison to Philadelphia’s large history, the City of Brotherly Love has not made ample efforts to intervene and reduce racial tensions between whites and blacks. A majority of white-owned corporations and landlords pivot racial injustice towards blacks, which keeps them unwillingly voiceless and poor. Without the employment opportunities of major enterprises, blacks continue to earn low wages and live in government subsidized housing.
When I was a high school student, I noticed as the years went by, my high school performed worse and deteriorated academically. Flashing back on this, I question why my high school performs worse each year, and why are other schools improving in my area. This trend begins to have detrimental effects on the student’s education since it creates inequality in the quality of education students in my high school receive. The white flight phenomenon and residential segregation create the inequality on the quality of education and resources available to students in K-12 education. White Flight is when many white families move out of the cities and into the suburbs.
Most people can pinpoint the changes that occurred in their urban areas; they noticed more non-native individuals move into their urban neighborhoods, following them came the increase of rent and the change of scenery. There was always a name for this issue, but it never surfaced until the late 1990’s. The term Gentrification comes from British sociologist Ruth Glass. “Once this process of gentrification starts in a district it goes on rapidly until all or most of the original working class occupiers are displaced and the social character of the district is changed”. (Kissam 2)
This quote is from a research paper that highlighted the importance of eliminating health disparities in order to promote “graceful aging (1)”. Generally speaking, the facilitation of “graceful aging” for racial minorities has been particularly challenging. Prevailing racial disparities in nursing home care quality exemplify this reality. In recent years, though there have been some improvements in nursing home care quality, Blacks are still more likely to receive suboptimal care in nursing homes, compared to Whites (2). For instance, a nationally representative study in the U.S. found influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rates to be lower among Black nursing home residents compared to Whites, indicating potential racial disparities in the reception of preventative care (3).
Public Policy on Housing Discrimination Executive Summary Housing discrimination and segregation have long been present in the American society (Lamb and Wilk). The ideals of public housing and home buying have always been intertwined with the social and political transformation of America, especially in terms of segregation and inequality of capital and race (Wyly, Ponder and Nettking). Nevertheless, the recent unrest in Ferguson, Missouri and in Baltimore due to alleged police misconduct resulting to deaths of black men brought light on the impoverished conditions in urban counties in America (Lemons). This brings questions to the effectiveness of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) in devising more fair-housing facilities (Jost).
Racial inequality has plagued our society for centuries and has been described as a “black eye” on American history. It wasn’t until the passing of The Civil Rights Act of 1965 that minorities were given equal protection under the law. This was a crucial step on our society’s road to reconciling this injustice. However, the effects of past racial inequality are still visible to this day, and our society still wrestles with how to solve this issue. In 1965, President Lyndon B Johnson said: “You do not take a person who, for years, has been hobbled by chains and liberate him, bring him up to the starting line of a race and then say you are free to compete with all the others, and still just believe that you have been completely fair.
There is still extensive evidence to support that racism is still running rampant, and not only in America. While it is definitely more subdued than it was fifty years ago, there are still remnants from past generation’s opinions showing themselves in the adults who were raised by them. There are still race riots, most famously being Ferguson and Baltimore. Plus, these are just a few instances of an injustice towards one particular minority. Many more races are effected by racism, which isn’t the only form of being unjust,
Psychology today can tell us that the environment in which we grow up in can have an important impact on a youth’s identity and future. Growing up in not only a state of poverty, but with additional social and economic disadvantages can have an overwhelming negative influence on student’s performance. In major cities across the United States schools that poverty stricken African American students attend are segregated, not in a legal sense, but because of location. Neighborhoods with soaring levels of poverty are limited to the oftentimes overpopulated, underfunded, and understaffed local schools. Creating a culture of multigenerational families isolated in their own poverty.
In the epitome of education, racial segregation is still a major factor in the world today. In today’s society when you hear the word racism, what comes to mind? In the wake of recent events at the University of Columbia – Mizzou, we find that racism is alive and well. You would think in the 20th century, we would have come further along in the way of racial issues and be more tolerable of others regardless of their race.
One of the issues that the United States is currently facing is health inequality and disparity among minority groups. Health disparity focuses at the differences in health status between different social groups, gender, race, ethnicity, education, and income. Unfortunately, health disparities are affecting minority groups in society. These groups include African Americans, Hispanics, and American Indians/Alaska Natives. For people in these racial/ethnic minority populations, health disparities can mean lower life expectancy, and loss of economic opportunities.
I agree with Dorothy Nyswander that an open society is made up of freeman, a place where justice is the same for everyone, and teach people to question and seek answer. I believe that the open society is where people have equal access and opportunity to education, healthcare, income, employment, and housing. Also, the society where people can speak up and voice their ideas and opinions without prohibition. In the modern society of today, many people judge others by their physical appearance at the first sight. We should practice not to judge people before we get to know them on a deep level.