Management must see that the goals of the firms are always paramount. Management must check whether the workforce is motivated enough to be efficient. When the workforce is motivated enough there will be more efficiency and productivity. Motivation can be achieved by checking on the workforce here and there and involving them in the day to day running of the business. This theory can therefore be referred to as a machine theory because machines are checked here and there to achieve productivity and efficiency.
Further types of cultures are: Normative culture: Type of a culture in which the values, norms and procedures of the organization are already defined and rules and regulations are according to the presented instructions. The employees strictly follow the policies and behave in an ideal way. No one can break the rules and sticks to the already laid policies Pragmatic culture: This is the type of culture where focus of employees is more on the clients and external groups. Satisfaction of the customer is the main purpose of the employees. Every employee tries his best to satisfy his customer to gain the utmost profit from the other side.
The scientific practitioner must use accurate source references. The scrupulousness is not limited to the transfer of information but also the relations among scientific practitioners and students count. A scientific researcher must ensure that his expertise to carry out his duties stays at a proper level. The main message is: be scrupulous in everything you do in science. - having moral integrity - punctiliously exact - the actions are scrupulousness if they are performed with care, dedication and
He has discussed the idea of the truth, according to his viewpoint there are two types of the truth, known as the absolute truth and formal truth. Absolute truth is also known as the simple truth or the truth which are not complicated. The truth which always has the simplest explanations, which can always be verified through the scientific laws and explanations. The truths which have been proved by science and are not the assumptions of the people. The truth which can’t be broken, by some external source.
A leader is anyone who uses interpersonal skill to influence others to achieve goals of the organization. According to Sullivan and Decker (2010),” the functions of a leader are to achieve a consensus decision making within the group about its goal, maintain a structure that facilitates accomplishing the goal, supply necessary information that will help to provide direction and clarification, and maintain group satisfaction, cohesion, and performance”. Leadership is the process of guiding, motivating, directing, influencing, and teaching the activities of others towards achieving the goals of the organization. As businesses today strive to improve their performance in the context of a world that is changing around them, leadership and organizational
All in all chain of command is a system put in place to keep a well balanced and functional structure within any organization. It should be used only when necessary. It also creates an efficient and effective way of reporting any problems you may have. Always communicate with your leadership by using the proper channels. Ignoring the chain of command can affect the morale of the overall organization.
On the other hand, convergent thinking is an "activity based firmly upon a settled consensus acquired from scientific education and reinforced by subsequent life in the profession." Kuhn claimed that scientists almost always practice this type of thinking in their research. It characterizes what he called normal research. Thus, we have "two complementary aspects of scientific advance." Kuhn introduced the term paradigm when he attempted to illustrate the role of convergent thinking in the progress of natural sciences.
Organizational Behaviour is the application of knowledge about how peoples, individuals, and groups act and react in an organization, in order to reach and accomplish the highest quality of performances, and dominant results. A leader as the head of the organisation subdivides and assigns roles, responsibilities and authority in his organisation to carry out different tasks for the employees plays an important role in performance and productivity. Therefore, the leader sets a clear vision for the organisation in order to achieve their perspective goal. A good leader not only motivates but also guide the employees through the work process and build morale through his/her behaviour. The leaders’ behaviours display their actions and styles by
Management a popular word, is used in taking charges of many different activities, gives us a very basic idea of what it is and how it is helpful to us. According to Harold Koontz and Heinz Weihrich “Management is the process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups, efficiently accomplish selected aims” Management is needed in all types of organisations as it is helpful in achieving goals and ambitions for a particular firm. It is the way of getting things done through workers. Management helps a firm in providing a clear direction and leadership. Managers in every department face major challenges and have a chance to make a difference.