Neo Classical Management Era

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Management is the process of designing, organizing, and maintaining an environment that allows each individual to work together as a group in a composed manner which increases the efficiency in accomplishing the particular task or goal.
Management is an increasingly important in day today complex society. As we can see more number of organization are coming to life and we need a person who can manage the organization and its workers.
Management is the art of controlling people and make them move in a right direction, and taking actions that enables each individual to make their best contribution to the organization. Management is a job that is responsible for control of the company or organization.
The Management job requires knowledge
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per-scientific management era(before 18880)
2. classical management era (1880 - 1930)
3. neo classical management era (1930 - 1950)
4. modern management era (1950 onward) (principles of management and administration, D. chandra bose,2012)
Here we will be seeing in detail about the classical management era, neo classical management era and modern evolution era.
Classical management:
F.W. Taylor along with his associates Gilberth, Gantt, and emerson made a great contribution to the concepts of scientific management. F.W. Taylor is also called the father of scientific management.
Scientific management:
The term scientific management has two terms scientific and management.Scientific means systematic but management means getting things done through others. The scientific management is the art of knowing what needs to be done and what the best way of doing it is.
According to F.W. Taylor “Scientific management means knowing exactly what you want me to do and seeing they do it in the best way and cheapest way”. (Principles of management and administration, D. chandra bose, 2012)
Principles of scientific management: Taylor’s scientific management is based in the following principles
1. Replacement of old thumb rule
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According to henri fayol “ there is nothing rigid or absolute in management affairs; it is all a questions or proportion.”
Principles are as follows: Division of work: it refers to the division of work that various individuals in the organization to bring about specialization in every activities. Specialization tend to increses the efficiency and helps to avoid waste of time and efforts caused by changes from one work to another work.

Authority and responsibility:
Authority means it is the power to give order to the subordinates. Responsibility means the duty which the subordinates are expected to perform.

Discipline is very important to and essential to for the smooth running of the organization. Maintenance of the organization depends in the quality of leadership, clear and fair agreements, and so on. Unity of command:
Any employ should receive commands from a single superior for any action or activity.
This principle is necessary to avoid confusion and conflicts.
When there is unity command, it is easy to fix responsibility for
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