Idealism And Non-Socialism In International Relations

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Name: SOLOMON OTUBO Student Number: Y1214.110007 COMPARISM BETWEEN NEO-REALISM AND NEO-LIBRALISM IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Introduction The quest to solve the problem ravaging the relations among states in the international system has being a challenge among scholars in the international relations as a discipline of study. This is not because there are no attempt to proffer solutions to such problems, or that theories have not being formulated to tackle such challenges. But it is because there has not being an adequate theory that would either proffer a lasting solution, or give a holistic analysis that will be generally accepted among scholars of international relations. In an attempt to analyse the causes of this problem and provide solutions…show more content…
This capabilities are measured by the strenght of their military capacity, the positional placement of states in terms of abilities determines the distribution of capabilities. The structural distribution of capabilities then limits cooperation among states through fears of relative gains made by other states, and the possibility of dependence on other states. The desire and relative abilities of each state to maximize relative power constrain each other, resulting in a balance of power, which shapes international relations. It also gives rise to the security consciousness that all nations face. Neoliberalism Neoliberalism is interpreted as new form of liberalism. Neoliberalism is a theory that holds that states should try to achieve absolute gains rather than trying to achieve gains relative to other countries. Neoliberalism argues that in an interdependent world, states will seek efficiency in managing collective problems presented by international anarchy. Neoliberalism is a direct response to neorealism, which emphasizes that states have no reason to cooperate with one another. They exist in an anarchic world where states must all compete with one another. In such a world, the incentives tend to push countries to compete with one…show more content…
Their general believe anchors on the premise that the world can be set up in such a way that cooperation will be rewarded and countries can stop emphasizing competition. Comparism Between Neorealism and Neoliberalism in IR It is important to note that both theories are pro-theory of realism, and liberalism respectively. Hence, both neorealism and neolibralism accepted the fact that the structure of international system is anarchic, that is no central government. Methodology: both theories reframed their inherited methodological and epistemological description of states relation. And accepted a common method of deduction which applies in their systematic analysis of states as an entity. Their method could be viewed to be more scientific in analysis since their approach shifts more closer to natural sciences. Rational choice: both theories rejected the harsh description of human nature as meaningless and brutal, rather they conceived states as rational entity; that is utility maximizing, and the ability to place actions on a scale of cost and

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