(French) The Eiffel Tower was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel. The structure he designed had great social, economical and political impacts on the world. It’s an icon of Paris and an icon of France, the “Eiffel Tower”, or “Iron Lady” as it’s effectively known, rises 324 meters above the city of light(French Heritage). Since the beginning of the twentieth century, the Eiffel Tower has been host to a number of transmitters. It’s still something of a communicators center for the area.
Capitalism and Commodification of Crime The connection between economics and crime activities is multifaceted and complex. Perhaps as a result of this density, there has been thorough coverage of the issue of crime in connection to capitalism which has become elusive to administrative or mainstream criminology, more especially in the United States, regardless of some occasionally high-profile and ostensibly elaborate attempts to address it. The modern market system is capitalism. It has been grafted into almost the entire economic system. The idea behind this modern economic system, capitalism, is that it is not an economic activity’s usefulness-it’s the fulfillment of the actual need of an individual-that is vital, but it’s only its commodification
Historian Geoffrey Wawro said that 'in matter of days, Prussia climbed from the lower rungs of great power '.1 This was enforced by the different wars previous to the Franco-Prussia war, with in particular the Austro-Prussian war in 1866.2 Prussia was a new power that could unite Germany. It was a new industrial power which experienced rapid industrialisation.3 Prussian and the Saxon coal mines 'were outproducing French mines three-to-one... '4 as coal production increased 114% in the 1860s.5 This had an effect on new ways of warfare with for example with guns but also the use of railways.6 Paul Kennedy claimed: ' “The struggle for mastery in Germany” was almost complete; but the clash over who was supreme in western Europe, Prussia or an increasingly nervous and suspicious France, had been brought much closer.. '7 France
The Rococo style was more of decoration and ornamentation. They were opposite of each other. It went from Rococo to Neoclassical style. The reason Americans embraced Neoclassic style was for a specific reason. For example, according to study.com, it states, “The Americans became quickly obsessed with Neoclassicism, both before and after their revolution, and it became a symbol of the American nation” (American Neoclassical Architecture).
Andrea di Pietro della Gondola was born on November 30, 1508 and died in August of 1580. It is said he was born in Padua, Republic of Venice and died in Vicenza. Andrea Gondola was an Italian architect and was regarded as the greatest architect of the 16th century in northern Italy. The palaces and villas he designed, along with his treatise made him one of the most influential figures in Western architecture. Some of his most influential works are the Villa Rotonda, originally known as Villa Capra, and his treatise “I Quattro libri dell’architettura”, which translates to “The Four Books of Architecture.” Andrea Gondola was apprenticed to a sculptor in Padua until the age of sixteen, when he moved to nearby Vicenza where he enrolled in the guild of the bricklayers and stonemasons.
“A new architecture, the great building – these were the goals of Bauhaus education as formulated by Gropius in the Manifesto” (Droste, 2002, p.40). Geometric shapes and functional style the Bauhaus heralded the modern age of architecture and design. Founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius and directed afterwards by Hannes Meyer and Ludwig Mies Van de Rohe, the Bauhaus is today considered to be the most important schools of art, design, and architecture of the 20th century. Dessau in Germany, a two hour train ride from Berlin; there in 1926 Walter Gropius built his higher academy for the arts “The Bauhaus”. For the inhabitance of Dessau, the building that rose up before the rise was a peculiar thing with its glass walls, right angles, and flat roofs.
However, not only did it changed how goods were manufactured and consumed, but it also had far-reaching effects on societal groups and rising labor union tensions by the end of the 19th century. After the end of the Civil War, America experienced a second industrial revolution known as the Gilded Age was dominated by industrialization and the rise of big businesses. Though there were many new inventions during the era of the Gilded Age, the most important and well known as the creation of the transcontinental railway as this opened up many western mining and farming regions. In the light of American railroad tycoons like Cornelius Vanderbilt had laid hundreds of thousands of miles of track
How and why did Neoclassical architecture influence and shape architecture in the United States? During the eighteenth century, Neoclassical architecture grew beyond belief in the United States. This classical style was seen as a direct expression of democracy itself. It was considered the purest form and was derived from classical antiquity. In the United States, Neoclassical architecture was influenced by Robert Adam (1728-1792) of England.
During the 19th century, the church lost its power and its traditional theme and the rapid growth of urbanization and industrialization led to to the birth of “Isms”. Neoclassicism, a revival of Greek and Roman art; a direct reaction to the excessiveness of Baroque and Rococo styles. During the American and French Revolutions, the political atmosphere began to lean towards an Age of Reason and Enlightenment. With admiration for classical Roman and Greek art renewed after excavations of Herculaneum and Pompei, efforts for style to accompany philosophy caused an inevitable return to the "classics"(AML 68). Early works of artists such as Jean August Dominique Ingres and especially Jacques-Louis David encompassed the thematic elements associated with Neoclassicism.
The main art movement of the 18th century was the Romanticism movement that originated in Europe. The movement placed strong focus on the veneration of past and nature, individualism and emotion. This came partly in response to the Industrial Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment. Some key artists include Jane Austen, who wrote the Pride and Prejudice, William Blake with his notable work Songs of Innocence and of Experience as well as Victor Hugo with this famous novel Les Miserables. The key ideas of art then revolved around liberalism and radicalism, emphasising emotions such as apprehension and awe.
St. Patrick 's Cathedral in New York, built between 1853 and 1878 and is located in Midtown skyscraper district of New York, in the heart of the borough of Manhattan. It is located at the corner of Fifth Avenue and 50th Street , just steps from the Rockefeller Center and nine blocks away from Central Park. It is the main church of the Archdiocese of New York and was built in the nineteenth century in Gothic style on the plans of the architect James Renwick Jr. The height under the arch is 110 feet. The altars Saint Michel and Saint Patrick was made by Tiffany & Co; that of St. Elizabeth was designed by Paolo Medici of Rome.
The Founding Fathers created this great nation. When they did, they needed a foundation, a great strong city to start the pyramid of the future world power it is today. That foundation is a mid-eastern city called Washington District of Columbia, or D.C. for short. The story of this fine city is a long one, filled with history and events, which changed the world we know today. As our nation’s capital, the history of Washington, D.C. is important from the location, to the layout of the city, and the creation of its monuments and museums, which all give testimony to our great nation.