Canadian individual identity is questioned often because it is so diverse and means something different to each person in Canada. Although there is not a set identity there are many values and beliefs that are owned by all Canadians. To find out what Canadians identity is, one has to take into account what has affected it. The United States is the biggest influence on Canadian identity. The U.S. culture is very similar to Canadians as we are exposed to it all the time in media sources.
The judicial branch of Canada has played one of the most unique roles in history due to their shaping of Canada. The decisions rendered by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (hereby referred to as the JCPC) and the Supreme Court of Canada impacted the values of Canadian citizens. These decisions were often contradictory and exposed the legal system as flawed, inflexible and stubborn. Throughout the decades the judiciary sought to maintain rules crafted by the Fathers of Confederation in 1867, rather than adopt more effective standards for judgement. The Canadian federal and provincial powers were broken into sections 91 and 92 in the British North America Act of 1867.
Quebec is a very unique part of Canada, as its citizens mostly speak French compared to English. Quebec is such a unique community that it is widely debated on whether it should be its own nation-state or not. Francophones were once, and may still be, considered to be treated unfairly by the Canadian government. Canada made a huge step in equalizing Francophone identities and English-Canadian identities with the Official Languages Act that officially made Canada a bilingual nation-state. The relationship between the French and English languages is a central defining aspect of the Canadian
Colonialism is a perpetual and relevant issue in Canada. The definition of Colonialism is, “The policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically” according to the Oxford dictionary (The Oxford Dictionary, 2018). On a small scale, Canada is influenced by Britain as British Commonwealth; the consequences that preceded the colonization are evident in the contrast of the standards of living between the general populations and Aboriginals. Colonization can also be or continue with, “geographical intrusion in the form of agricultural, urban or industrial encroachments” (LaRocque, 2008). The freedom of religion in Canada relies on the Eurocentric view
The way that peoples collective rights worked in the past wasn’t always through a fair system. In multiple cases, rights were given based off of appearance or status rather than one’s position. An important example of this is the First Nations history of Treaties and the Indian Act. When Europeans came to Canada, not only did they find land but a civilization with it. Multiple treaties were created between the FN’s and Europeans to help both groups so they can live in harmony.
However, not many have been able to identify a certain time period where Canadian identity has prospered. The postwar era and repatriation of Canadian constitution (1945-1982) best identifies Canadian identity. This is because this was the time Canada established its peacekeeping reputation and became independent. Firstly, as the world exited the wartime era, plans to
Two of the theories of leadership are transactional and transformational. Transactional leadership is setting clear expectations of an individual and using rewards or punishment to achieve results, while transformational leadership is identifying the need for change and trying to achieve the change. Two Canadian public administrative leaders who show these leadership skills were Tommy Douglas and Sir George Arthur French. Tommy Douglas was able to show transformational leadership through creating healthcare, Canada-wide pension plan and bargaining rights for civil servants; while Sir George Arthur French was able to show transactional leadership by leading his men across western |Canada, and he showed transformation leadership by challenging the Canadian government. Tommy Douglas would have been seen as a great leader in the Behavioural Era due to his ability to identify the need for change and the betterment of society; however, he would have not been seen as a great leader in the Personality Era due to him alienating the Saskatchewan doctors in his healthcare implementation.
“To deny people their human rights, is to challenge their very humanity.” -Nelson Mandela Canada is well known across the world for handling its national challenges well, yet has not been obeying the human rights. The human rights were made so everyone was equal and no one had higher power. According to Canada.ca, Canada is a founding member of the United Nation, (UN) and is a party to seven principal United Nations human rights conventions and covenants.
Canada is a multicultural country where diverse cultures, groups and ideologies coexist. Plenty of people continuously come in Canada due to various reasons which make some issues such as employment, residence, communication and even identical problems between newcomers and locals. According to the report of IRHC minutes (2017), in the province of Ontario has been cooperating with various organizations and regions to offer kind of services and programs for the resettlement of immigrants. This is quite a lot helpful for newcomers; however, some people with nationality in Canada do not welcome those policies due to raised social issues during in the processing.
Even though both Canada and the United States are democratic countries, there are key differences in how their government functions and how the country is ruled. For starters, Canada is a Constitutional Monarchy and is ran by prime minister Justin Trudeau and the Parliament, on the other hand, the US is a Republic Democracy ran by a president and the Congress. In the US the head of state is its president but in Canada, for any law or bill to pass the parliament needs to have Royal Assent which is a signature of the Governor General or the Queen. Therefore, this does kind of limit the prime minister’s powers.
What would Canada be without the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission? One of the purposes of the CRTC is to maintain Canadian culture and identity by reserving a percentage of media and music to Canadian content. It also assists the music industry by promoting Canadian based performers, writers, and producers. On the other hand, limiting a portion of media to Canadian content means less from other countries, causing Canadians to have less of a variety of sources to choose from. This limits the extent to which citizens of Canada can develop their identity.
In class, we have briefly discussed Western alienation from being poorly represented in a Senate that is heavily loaded with Ontario and Quebec interests. Pierre Trudeau had a vision that all of Canada would be united as one and that no matter what province you are from, you are Canadian, and you will receive the best quality of life. If only it were that simple, The West has been taken for granted and as a Senate reform option, there should be more representation from Western provinces. In fact, there is a reform called the "Triple E-Senate", which would "provide better representation for Canadians who lived outside of Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic provinces, and provide a check on the extraordinary powers that our system confers on majority governments" (Kline 1) " Triple E" stands for "Elected, Effective and Equal" (Gibson 17)
Published in “The Canadian Journal of Political science”, Christopher Cochrane and Andrea Perrella examine the concept of regionalism in Canadian politics, in their article titled “Regions, Regionalism and Regional Differences in Canada”. As a thesis, the article aims to analyze the origin and cause of regionalism in Canada, addressing the issue of government intervention in the economy and the different opinions towards it as the primary focus of their arguments. It is evident that regional differences exist aspects of politics such as voting behaviour, political culture, ideology, attitudes and public opinion. There is however little agreement on the cause of these regional divisions or, indeed, about what constitutes as a region. In general
Canada is a multicultural country. As a lot of people have immigrated to Canada from different parts of the world, they brought some cultural elements of their native culture along with them. These cultural elements have been blended into the mainstream culture of Canada. With so much diverse population, it is natural that people will be ethnocentric.