The Effects of Sepsis Bundle on Mortality Rates: Background and Significance Historians in the medical field such as Hippocrates and Pasture have referenced symptomologies associated with sepsis of today (Angus & Van der Poll, 2013). Sepsis received its official definition of severe sepsis and septic shock in 1992; with terminology being based on the accompanying disease processes present (Angus & Van der Poll, 2013). The definition of severe sepsis indicates the presence of organ dysfunction along with sepsis. Additionally, septic shock is related to the presence of hypotension not responding to fluid resuscitation (Cawcutt, & Peters, 2014). A diagnosis of severe sepsis or sepsis shock has an increased risk of patient mortality, length of stay, and a higher probability of long-term disability (Cawcutt & Peters, 2014; Whittaker, et al. 2015).
The specialized field of neonatal nursing did not really develop until the 1960s advancements in care and technology improved treatment greatly. Low birth weight and premature births were the leading factors in infant’s deaths (“Overview: Neonatal nurses.”). These nurses play a very important role in health care for infants born with these different health
In 2008 the bill was signed and in 2010 national guidelines were issued to promote screening babies for life-threatening disorders” (“Jill”). March of Dimes wants to show the world that medicine is changing. New disorders and bacterial agents are being discovered, and the children of the future are at risk. New guidelines and treatments must be championed in order to save the mothers and fathers the heartache of losing a
The authors addressed the birth disparity outcomes between the African American and White population. They stated that racial discrimination interconnects with income disparities, poverty, cultural isolation, stress, etc., As a result of these factors the African Americans still have the highest rate of infant mortality in the nation, and the African American babies die before the first birthday twice the rate comparing to White babies. Greg, R., Alexander, Michael, D. Kogan, & Nabukera, S. (2000).
As a result of searching the existing literature, the researcher was able to obtain data that correlated exceptionally well with the research topic. Indeed, the researcher gathered pertinent information from secondary sources; however, the primary sources of data were needed to draw a logical conclusion of the research at hand. So, the next step was major section III, Research Methodology. Being
Newborn infants who are born with severe medical conditions and disorders are placed in the NICU to be cared for. The NICU Nurse has to be at the baby’s bed side twenty-four/seven administering medicine, drawing blood, performing tests, and starting IV lines. They are responsible for running all sorts of tests
INTRODUCTION In Prenatal exposure to alcohol, caffeine, tobacco, and aspirin: Effects on fine and gross motor performance in 4-year-old children, 449 exposed children were studied. The purpose of this study was to measure the teratogenic effects alcohol, tobacco, aspirin and caffeine exposure have on the motor skills in four year olds. It studies four of the most commonly used and abused substances among pregnant women, mainly focusing on alcohol (Barr, Streissguth, Darby, & Sampson, 1990). This study does conclude that the embryonic stage of pregnancy is the time when the development is extremely susceptible to harm (Barr et al., 1990).
The paper is purposely meant to critically criticize a nursing article entitled Promoting Urinary Incontinence in Women after Delivery authored by Linda Brubaker and was published on 25th May 2002 in the British Medical Journal. The article was picked since urinary incontinence is a challenge that most patients fall short of deliberate with the medical practitioners and clinicians thus rendering it a huge complication that is not often reported and treated (Chiarelli & Cockburn, 2002). Urinary incontinence is among the monotonous perennial nursing conditions that are visible in basic care practice. The condition is often popular compared to diabetes and other diseases that are considerably attended to.
This critical incident involved a first time mother who gave birth at pre temp- 35weeks. Baby stayed in hospital for two weeks before being discharged home. After about two days of being home, mother called her health visitor, the student‘s practice teacher to inform her that baby was having breathing difficulties. Health visitor advised Lilly take the baby to A&E straight away which she did. Baby stayed in hospital for a further 7days before being discharged.
Pneumonia is a frequent cause of hospitalization and illness amongst children, with incidence of 4% per year under the age of 5, 2% per year in children 5-9 years of age and 1% per year in older children and adolescents. Out of these a small number of patients develop persistent and recurrent pneumonia, which presents a big challenge for physicians to manage and diagnose. A proper approach to face this challenge first requires a proper definition of the term recurrent pneumonia. Pneumonia is as an acute illness characterized by cough, fever and tachypnoea in a generally unwell child, with labored breathing or abnormalities (bronchial or diminished breath sounds or crackles) on chest auscultation. Recurrent pneumonia is defined as two or more episodes of pneumonia in a year, or three or more ever, with radiographic clearing between occurrences, and is reported in 7–9% of children with pneumonia.[3,4] It is common practice to investigate the immune and respiratory systems in children with recurrent pneumonia.[3,4]
Infants with early onset GBS disease may present with respiratory distress, apnea, or other signs of sepsis within the first 24–48 hours of life (Verani et al, 2010; Baker C.J., 1978). Common clinical syndromes of early-onset disease are sepsis and pneumonia. Early onset infections may, less frequently, lead to meningitis. Due to better neonatal care the case-fatality ratio of early-onset disease has declined from as high as 50% in the 1970s (Baker C.J. & Barrett F.F., 1974) to 4%–6% in recent years (Phares C.R., Lynfield R., Farley M.M., Mohle-Boetani J., Harrison L.H., Petit S., Craig A.S., Zansky S., Gershman K., Stefonek K.R., Albanese B.A., Zell E.R., Schuchat A., Schaffner W. & Schrag S.J., 2008; Schrag et al, 2000). According to Phares et al (2008) and Schrag et al (2000) mortality is higher among preterm infants, with case-fatality rates of approximately 20% to 30% among those ≤33 weeks’ gestation, compared with 2%–3% among full-term infants.
“Quantitative research is conducted in a context of previous knowledge” (Polit & Beck, 2017, p. 54)., which could limit a researcher based off their amount of previous knowledge on the subject being studied. And the researcher collect data from a sample size of a population. The sample’s adequacy is assessed by its size and representativeness. (Polit & Beck, 2017). A small sample size could limit the validity of the