Intussusception is a surgical emergency that most commonly affects infants between five and nice months of age. However, neonatal intussusception is a very rare entity and is not well described. It represents 3% of the causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction and 0.3% of all cases of intussusception. 1, 2 The presentation of neonatal intussusception can be vague and misleading due to the rarity of the disease and the non-specificity of its symptomatology.3 The presentation is usually in the form of vomiting and abdominal pain which can mimic necrotizing enterocolitis and may lead to delay in diagnosis. This happens because in intussusception peristalsis is disturbed and lymphatic and venous obstruction occurs causing ischemia.
Safe use of NPPV and regional anaesthesia combination for caesarean section have previously described with several case reports in patients with respiratory failure due to kyphoscoliosis, neuromuscular diseases, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia and non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (3-5). In our patient, acute pulmonary oedema developed presumably because of tachycardia caused by anxiety and pain caused by preterm labour in our patient with pre-existing multivalvular heart disease and limited cardiac reserve. Management of these patients is difficult, because guidelines and standards are lacking. Some authors have described the use of general anaesthesia with good maternal outcome, whereas others have reported increased pulmonary arterial pressure during laryngoscopy and
Internal monitoring may be used when external monitoring of the fetal heart rate is inadequate, or closer surveillance is needed. (15) It’s also an ultrasound based technology, the monitoring is done during pregnancy, labor, and delivery to keep track of the heart rate of your baby (fetus) and the strength and duration of the contractions of your uterus. (16) This is not always a benefit for women and their families. (3) CTG machine provides graphical printed data. On the graph, there are two lines.
Main ethical issues are terminations of pregnancies in case of malformations, which may be supposed as eugenical abortion, inform consent and problem of decision-making process. This problem is closely related to moral status of fetus, ethical issue about the value of life and problem of what kind of condition should be tested for. Moral status of fetus and abortions In all prenatal diagnostic tests, there is an assumption that there may be
Scar tissue formation from these conditions can lead to poor vascularization of the uterine fundus. Inadequate perfusion of the uterine fundus may lead to implantation in the lower uterine endometrium where blood supply is abundant. The uterus is relatively small early in pregnancy so it is common to note a low-lying placenta on ultrasound. However, as the uterus increases in size to accommodate the developing fetus the placenta begins to migrate toward the fundus. If the placenta remains low lying into the third trimester this results in a condition known as placenta previa and is classified according to the degree of cervical
In the stages of endometriosis you can experience different types of effects and stages. The stages are referred to as Stage I to Stage IV. The reproductive system can be compromised and cause infertility. Anatomically the disruption of pelvic structures, multiple production and activation of peritoneal macrophages cause the inflammation of the lower abdominal cavity. It may bring about an ectopic pregnancy since the fallopian tube may be infected and the egg may stick to one of the cyst.
There is now strong evidence to support the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy, coping cat, as a first – line treatment for children and adolescence with anxiety. Articles and researches showed that anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental illness disorders in children and adolescents, but they often go untreated and undetected. Identification and effective intervention of childhood anxiety disorders can decrease the negative effect of these disorders on academic achievements and social relation and functioning in youth and their persistence into adulthood (Connolly & Nanayakkara, 2009). Multi studies focused on evidence-based treatment interventions for childhood anxiety disorders, and on the effect of applied intervention like coping cat program on anxiety level in childhood anxiety disorders (Lenz, 2016; Podell et al., 2010). Although the literature covered a wide variety of such issues, this review will focus on major issue which showed in different themes throughout the literature reviewed.
Discussion: Pre-eclampsia a hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy (HDP) is a major disease which seriously endangers the safety of mother and fetus during pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia affects approximately 2-8 per cent of pregnancies worldwide and is considered as the major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality (14).Thus major efforts are being made to identify effective biomarkers for the risk assessment and disease management. An ideal biomarker of pre-eclampsia is the one that would allow an accurate prediction during the first trimester as it offers a wide range for effective treatment that may help in complete recovery or reduce the severity of disease (15). The preset study mainly focuses on biomarker Lipocalin-2 and
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: On the basis of raw scores, MANOVA will be used to compare whether any significant difference exists between third party disability in mothers of children and teenagers with cerebral palsy. Results were indicative of a statistical significant difference (p<0.05) between both the groups. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION: While current literature suggests there is a broad range of consequences for family members of people with cerebral palsy, the sequelae of disability for family members of people with cerebral palsy is not well understood. Further research is needed to be done to better describe the nature and degree of third-party disability in mothers of children and teenagers with cerebral palsy. References W. (2001).
Problem: Nowadays, one problem that science has solved is the way to minimize the chances of disability and keep multiple birth to an ideal number during the period when the babies were still embryos. To solve this problem, one process has been developed and commonly used all around the world: Selective abortion. Solution: Selective abortion became a process to help the families who had in-vitro fertilization to have the children with the best characteristics as possible and the number of children they want. It allows these families to select dominant genes, get rid of possible disability in earlier times of pregnancy and (in some cases), choose the gender of the baby as they want at the same time. In-vitro fertilization is a process of putting
Social and behavioral issues can be a problem as children grow and learn. FAS cannot be diagnosed before birth. Doctors watch the development of the child and possible symptoms of FAS in order to diagnose. There has to be evidence of the biological mother 's alcoholic drinking during pregnancy before testing. In order to have a complete diagnosis of this syndrome, a detailed combination of assessments need to be done.
The article really focuses in on the children and not just the parents and doctors of the children (Brady, 2014). The best way to help the children was to use therapy to correct behavior and to provide training and assistance to parents. Richard Reading reviewed an article that applied to ADHD. In that article, the researcher had a questionnaire regarding ADHD medication for practitioners and clinicians. The review also explains some side effects of ADHD medication and how to manage them, if considering medication the side effects need to be taken seriously (Reading, 2013).
The medication given to children diagnosed with the disorder is also an issue because a lot of the medications given have yet to be tested in the pediatric field. Therefore, a lot of guess work is done in order to find the correct combination of medications to help subdue the child. The diagnosis portion of the movie was very interesting and informative. If the doctors were able to correctly diagnose the children, it may be easier to treat Bipolar Disorder. According to the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences in Predication of pediatric bipolar disorder using neuroanatomical signatures of the amygdala, the diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder in children is based on signs and symptoms without using objective diagnostic biomarkers.
An important implication of diagnosing the disorder are understanding the key characteristics at birth as well as recognizing the body swellings are not classified as tumors. Symptoms often cause confusion amongst physicians, however there are several ways to confirm a patient has fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva through distinctive characteristics, genetic testing, and diagnostic radiography. Fibrodysplasia
Haemophilia is very hard to identify if someone is a carrier, the genetic disease will remain dormant until it is passed onto the offspring. There are many ways that Haemophilia can be identified or diagnosed in a patient. When an infant goes through circumcision, if prolonged bleeding continues after the circumcision occurs, that may be the first indication of haemophilia in a baby boy. In boys who aren 't circumcised, easy bruising when the child becomes more mobile may lead to the diagnosis. The first episode of bleeding generally occurs by the time a child is 2 years old.