The so called Realists sometimes referred to as “Neorealists” or “Structural Realists”, argues that everything outside ones borders is defined by anarchy and the total absence of any authority. The international system is comprised of autonomous thus sovereign states and realists believe that there cannot exist an inherent structure or society between them. The state power is the key in the anarchic system, the variable of interests and the only way to defend oneself and survive.
According John Mearsheimer does the realist’s world view rest on four assumptions. First, Realists believes that the ultimate goal of every state is survival, the largest threat to any state is foreign invasion and occupation. Second, all states are rational actors, which means that states will act in order to maximize their chances of survival. Third, All states have a…show more content… Meanings are constructed from a mix of history, norms, beliefs and ideas which one must understand in order to examine state behavior. Constructvist emphasizes the social context in which the events of international relations occur, how states perceive each other is a key determinate of their actions.
Behind the western international promotion of democracy is the idea of self-determination, the notion that believes that any political collective should have the opportunity to choose its own future. The self-determination is result of using the carrot instead of the stick, one cannot force people into becoming free. The theory follows the assumptions that everyone wants to be free and dictate one owns life, the best way of accomplish this is to become a liberal