Nepal Earthquake In Nepal

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Intro On Saturday the 25th of April 2015, a major earthquake struck Kathmandu in Nepal. The quake, with a massive magnitude of 7.8, occurred because of converging tectonic plates. It was the worst earthquake recorded in the area for more than 80 years and was classified on the Mercalli Scale as VIII - very destructive. It lasted for more than 50 seconds, killing more than 9,000 citizens and injuring over 22,000 people. Scientific background Nepal sits on top of a volatile zone. Fifty million years ago the Indian and Eurasian Tectonic Plates collided and the Indian plate was forced under the Eurasian plate. This caused the Eurasian plate to thrust upwards, creating the Himalaya mountain range. This plate formation is called convergent or deconstructive…show more content…
This causes large amounts of pressure, which released to cause the 2015 Nepal Earthquake. The epicentre of the April 2015 earthquake was approximately eighty kilometres north-west of Kathmandu. The depth of the earthquake was 15 kilometres, which is very shallow. A shallow quake results in more damage and destruction to the areas affected because the crash is closer to the surface so it has a bigger impact. The April 2015 earthquake triggered devastating avalanches on Mount Everest. Twenty-one people were killed by the avalanches and 250 went missing. It was the deadliest day on Mount Everest ever recorded. After the fifty-second earthquake, the region was struck with hundreds of aftershocks. On May 11, just 17 days after the earthquake in Kathmandu, a 7.3 magnitude earthquake caused even greater damage and hardship for many who had survived the primary disaster. Geophysicists and other scientists had predicted for decades that Nepal was very vulnerable to a deadly earthquake, particularly because of its geology and architecture. Economic…show more content…
Kathmandu Valley is an ancient area which holds many of Nepal’s cultural treasures. There are also several Buddha and Hindu pilgrimage sites in Nepal. When the earthquakes struck, four of the nine world heritage sites in the Kathmandu valley were badly damaged and 45 monuments that had been preserved for centuries collapsed. This quickly decreased Nepal’s tourism business. The Nepalese previously had to rebuild this heritage once before in 1934, when the last major earthquake struck the region. Cultural Gains Months after the April earthquake, UNESCO and Nepal’s government worked as a team to restore the artefacts in many of the impacted sites. Many museums reopened including the National museum in Chhauni. Precautions have been taken in case of earthquakes in the future. Safe- storage places for museum collections and relics have been created. Although the main focus for repair is still on farms and houses, Nepal has not given up hope that their damaged heritage sites can be fixed.

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