Allen Cutler’s journal article delves in to the concept of military conflict and conversion to Christianity during the First Crusade. The author states that it was the intent of Pope Urban II who inherited his interest in crusading against Muslims from Pope Gregory VII, to Christianize Muslims, by words and example. There have been those who have argued Urban II had no interest in conversion, but Allen, counters their assumptions by presenting three document sources that imply that during Urban’s speech at Clermont he broached the subject of conversion, by referring to the Turks as “a race utterly alienated from God.” Allen surmises that Urban the implication is they were not “converted to Christianity” and therefore conversion was foremost on Pope Urban’s mind. The Pope also wanted to reinstall papal
This symbolizes both our direct access to God through our high priest Jesus; and also, the fact that God’s holiness is no longer something to be protected, but a contagious force to transform the world (Ephesians 4:16). Specifically, through the Holy Spirit we are being regenerated from the inside out to live holy lives that honor and glorify God. No longer do we need to live holy lives to have access to God, but we live holy lives out of the access to God’s grace. In the words of Alexander, “To be holy is to live in a way that reflects the moral perfection of God; it is to live a life marked by love, purity, and righteousness, which are the three most important hallmarks of perfect
In 451 AD the Council of Chalcedon met and formulated the faith of the Church to respect the person of Christ, and declared him "to be acknowledged in two natures, without confusing, unchangeably, divided, inseparably, differences in the nature of the unwise taken by the union, but belongs to every nature preserves, and concurring in one person and one subsistence, not divided into two person.This condition states that He "is known in two natures, without confusion, without change, not divided, not separate; The second difference in nature is not at all excluded by the nature of the unity. But the nature of each nature is maintained and exist together in one person and one subsistence, are not mutually exclusive or divided into two natures."
The teachings of Catholic Christianity and Islam regarding Jesus Christ differ greatly because Jesus is the Son of God in Catholic Christianity and only a prophet in the Islamic faith. As stated before, within Catholic Christianity, Jesus Christ is known to be the Son of God. The Catechism of the Catholic Church teaches that, “The name "Jesus" signifies that the very name of God is present in the person of his Son, made man for the universal and definitive redemption from sins” (5). This proves that Jesus Christ is God himself in the form of his Son, who was born to save
In the book Heresies and How to Avoid Them by Ben Quash and Michael Ward, several chapters are dedicated to the heresies revolving around who and what Jesus is not. Arianism, docetism, nestorianism, and eutychianism are four heresies explore the divinity and humanity of Jesus Christ. I will argue these four heresies had an overarching theme of causing the church to struggle with the idea of God’s intimacy and how Jesus delivered us from our sin. I will do this by exploring the unique nature of Jesus Christ. Arianism is named after Arius, a man who believed Jesus was created, instead of eternal like God the Father.
Clement of Rome wrote in a letter to the Corinthians, c. 96, about the persecution of Christians in Rome as the "struggles in our time" and presented to the Corinthians its heroes, "first, the greatest and most just columns", the "good apostles" Peter and Paul.  St. Ignatius of Antioch wrote shortly after Clement and in his letter from the city of Smyrna to the Romans he said he would not command them as Peter and Paul
1 Biblical Proof of the Existence of the Godhead 1.1 Defining trinity The doctrine of the Godhead can be summarized in a single quote from the prophet Hinckley: “They [the Godhead] are distinct beings, but they are one in purpose and effort. They are united as one in bringing to pass the grand, divine plan for the salvation and exaltation of the children of God… It is that perfect unity between the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost that binds these three into the oneness of the divine Godhead.” (Hinckley, 1998, 2.) The word ‘trinity’ is not found in the bible, but the concept does. The term is a theological word Christians use to describe the triune God—three coexistent, co-eternal Persons who make up God. That is, God is a trinity of persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
In his text Predestination: Institutes of the Christian Religion, Calvin holds that predestination is "One's salvation had already been determined by God, and those elect who had been "chosen" gave evidence of their calling by living exemplary lives" (18). This idea of predestination is one of the key teachings of the Calvinists. They believe that from the beginning, God "predestines" some of the people in the world to go to heaven and the rest to go to hell. No matter how virtuous or vicious you are in life, one will still go to heaven or hell and cannot do/choose anything in life to change finality. The article continues with Calvin's stressing that "we mean the eternal decrees of God, by which he determined with himself whatever he wished to happen with regard to every man, All are not created on equal terms, but some preordained to eternal life, others to eternal damnation: and, accordingly, as each has been created for one or other of these ends, we say that he has been predestined to life or to death…" (18).
Bunyan draws heavily from both Luther and Calvin 's ideas, and their influence is palpable in The Pilgrim 's Progress. One of the hallmarks of Reformation theology is that it articulates a system of justification by faith alone, as opposed to justification by good works, as the Catholic Church once encouraged. For Luther, faith in God and the gift of God 's freely given grace erased the sins of humanity, rather than good works or indulgences issued by the Church. Though Calvin is famous for his very strongly articulated doctrine of predestination, which states that God has already decided who will be saved and who will be damned, Luther 's theology can also be considered to be predestinarian, albeit more generous than Calvin 's definition. The question of election aside, both maintained that humanity 1had wholly fallen, and redemption was only possible through faith and God 's grace, which was made manifest in the Crucifixion, and continues to be bestowed on sinners.
The coming of Christ had a purpose, namely to serve the Lord and carry on his work. Similarly, we get the prophecy of Christ works as a priest (Psalms 110:4; Hebrew 5:6,10). Similarly, the Messianic Psalms included a prediction of the rejection of Christ. Christ was rejected by the Jews just as it was written in Psalms 118:22-23; Matthew 21:42; Mk. 12:10-11: “The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner”.