This research paper deals with the mental disorders and social setup of bourgeois society and explores the theme of the alienation in H.G.Wells 's The Invisible Man. Alienation is a momentous theme of modern age, which shows the frustration of society and individual 's spiritual and personal interest. In order to define the complex process of the term, Karl Marx and Hegel have described the causes and significance of the Alienation. According to Marx, Alienated man is an abstraction because he has lost his contact with all human beings. Man suffers from a very pathetic condition due to his failures in society.
His writing has been exploring of the painful psychological impact of colonial cultural decline. Comrade Mzala rightly opines that “Art is an important weapon in the struggle; it either reinforces or undermines the power of the oppressor”. Through the novel Petals of Blood and Matigari we see Ngugi writing as a strong social satire. Both novels portray the life after colonial era but the common thing is the same situation and problem faced by natives during colonialism. Ngugi works are characterized by criticism against European unacceptable law and injustice.
David Dabydeen’s Turner, is a postcolonial response to the authors of colonial atrocities. Dabydeen attempts to convey within his poem a society haunted by the injustices of the past which have been denied recognition and redemption from the prosecutors and historians themselves. Drawing on theoretical concepts of postcolonialism, hauntology and mid-mourning, Dabydeen’s Turner, attempts to highlight the agony and powerlessness of those who were, currently, and will soon be subject to, to overcome the curse of past injustices. Focusing on the physical and psychological marks the colonial project placed and continues to place on the body and psyche of the drowned slave, the narrative of agency being gained through death is problematize. As summarized by Steph Craps, David Dabydeen’s Turner, is essentially a poem which brings to the attention to the reader the immortal presence of past injustices.
Fink states “In psychosis, the paternal metaphor fails to function and the structure of language…is not assimilated.”36 The paternal metaphor must make meaning and signification possible, the lack of which affects all Symbolic order and pushes the subject toward psychosis. The psychotic subject never enters the Symbolic order proper. All the intersubjective relations with the Other and others are shaking. According to Lacan, “the psychotic is the martyr of the unconscious.”37 The unconscious is structured like language and the psychotic subject suffers from the law and order of the language and unconscious. The psychotic’s unconscious in not tamed and ordered.
1. How did the absence of religion within the story affect the traits displayed by the characters in terms of immorality? The Great Gatsby touches themes like infidelity, deception, and a number of what people can consider as immoral acts throughout the story. There have been many notions considering the 1920s as an era of radical extremes, economic disparities, division of social classes, and moral callousness. The author wanted to pattern and group the characters in such a way that emphasizes the negative characteristics that was prominently observed within this time period.
Envy is an aspect of humanity that has been approached from many perspectives. In the “Rambler” by Samuel Johnson, the author took the stance that envy is a terrible and purposeless entity that serves only to degrade the quality of life. He analyzed the cause and effects of envy, how it relates to human error, and the consequences it is tied to. To emphasize the true impact of envy, he described the patterns in which he observed it as it manifested around him in his day-to-day life. In this passage, through use of elevated diction, metaphor and personification, and repetition, Johnson made clear his view of envy.
For Nietzsche, it is a moral principle that involves self – sacrifice. It was from a stern ideal because it betrays oneself from life. In his The Genealogy of Morality, he offers a new critique of moral values through an investigation of the origin. He states that moral values originated from the ‘pathos’ of ancient people which also gave rise to the concept of ‘bad’. The concept of altruism begins with the ‘slave revolt in morality’; wherein “ressentiment itself becomes creative and gives birth to values.” The considered bad are those who are powerless to express their feelings thereby causing hostility to end their frustration and suffering.
Paradise of the Blind showcases the dangers of allowing the traditions and political ideology dictate life. It ultimately leaves people leading unfulfilled lives although paradoxically, fulfilled in a way that tradition and politics demands. Que is left heartbroken, lonely, and deprived of her youth and freedom because she allowed her traditional Vietnamese cultural duties to guide her life; Chinh, on the other hand, is left to be corrupt and dishonest as he struggles with ideology. These two characters champion what it means to be degraded by tradition and political beliefs instead of leading honest and dignified lives. Que and Chinh both manifest the conflict between tradition and ideology while oppressing inherent human desire and ultimately renders them unable to truly
She draws parallels between the war on telephone poles and the racism towards the African American, criticizing the American civilization and society. She says that the war on telephone poles was powered “by that terribly American concern for private property and a reluctance to surrender it to a shared utility”. The Whites’ dislike of the poles is possibly a symbol of the dislike towards the African American. The typical white American of this period is portrayed as evil and close minded and the telephone poles are interfering with the white territory – just like the African American. A “fear, that distance, as it had always been known and measured, was collapsing” which can be read as if the white Americans of that day feared that segregation at one point might collapse and evaporate.
John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men both protests and explores the sense of injustice that pervades the novella. Set in a time in America where inequity formed a prevalent part of society, Steinbeck dissents against this unfairness through his characterisation and treatment of his characters. His portrayal of the inequality, sexism and racism affecting Lennie, Candy, Curley’s wife, and Crooks is a subtle objection to such injustice, and he suggests that these prejudices severely constrain the victims of such intolerance. Through investigating the weak and the prejudiced, Steinbeck suggests that discrimination can destroy lives, both figuratively and literally. The way Steinbeck dichotomises society into the weak and the strong is a clear protest against ableism and the inequality between these two personae.