This postcard outlines what racial slurs were being used in the media during the 1920s and early 1930s. During World War I, President Woodrow Wilson was trying to segregate the Federal government. Wilson started to invent policies that would keep African Americans from holding
The Jim Crow Laws were created in the South between the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and the beginning of the civil rights movement in the 1950s. These laws were enforced through racial segregation. The quote “separate but equal” came about due to the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Plessy vs Ferguson. Later on, the case came about because of segregation in public schools. In the same year, similar kinds of Jim Crow laws came about called which they called ¨black codes¨. Before the Civil War, both races could work side by side, but as long as the slave knew his place.
However cocaine was able to become a major epidemic for it was used by all sorts of people, it was not only used by the businessman who needed to keep alert, it was also used recreationally by kids and adults at parties to get a quick high. The epidemic formally started in 1984 when the number of people using the drug on a routine basis increased from 4.2 to 5.8 million. The numbers had been rising but this was the largest rise in numbers yet in the epidemic. Cocaine was able to create such a massive epidemic for the United states government had other things on their plate and they couldn’t worry about a growing epidemic.
These laws undoubtedly prove that although african americans were “free” in America they were still slaves in a way. The Jim Crow Laws were a very illusive and mocking way of imprisoning the African Americans, they may have been free but they still weren’t allowed to make decisions by themselves. The Jim Crow Laws gave the impression of equality and freedom but how can someone be
Jim Crow Laws According to the article “Nat Turner Revisited,” it says, “Each of us, helplessly and forever, contains the other- male in female, white in black, and black in white. We are apart of each other” ( “Nat” 14). African Americans continuously had many struggles after the Civil War ended in 1865. After President Abraham Lincoln legalized the Emancipation Proclamation, slavery ended, freeing African Americans.
The primarily focus of this paper is to address the studies of the African-American views, conflict, and treatments from the Southern states following The Civil War. Documents include “Black Codes of the State of Mississippi” and the “Address of the Colored Convention to the People of Alabama”. These documents provide shaped rules, laws, and statutes for black society among whites. Between the years of, 1865 and 1867, both Alabama and Mississippi took action and state their thoughts towards the end of slavery in the United States.
Many factors have played into why minorities are so overrepresented within the criminal justice and corrections system, however, I will focus on two main reasons into why this disparity has existed. The first being, the manipulation of laws by elites targeting minority communities. For example, during the 70s and 80s, drugs in America became very popular and in particular crack-cocaine became a leading drug among consumers. For Caucasians, the drug of choice was cocaine which they would snort through the nose, for African-Americans it was crack which was cocaine, however, it was cooked into a rock while cocaine is a powder substance. During this time period both drugs were popular among both races, though, there was a bigger crackdown on crack and the minority community.
With the withdrawal of federal troops from the south in 1877, southern white authorities banded together with impoverished whites below the banner of white supremacy, and instituted a new gadget of racial subordination. Normally referred to as Jim Crow, this system enforced by using regulation and custom the absolute separation of blacks and whites within the administrative center, schools, and genuinely all phases of public lifestyles within the South. The organization of Jim Crow country and local legal guidelines in the course of the South received the sanction of the federal authorities with the landmark best courtroom decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), which used the cause “separate but equal” to uphold a Louisiana statute mandating
Michelle Alexander, similarly, points out the same truth that African American men are targeted substantially by the criminal justice system due to the long history leading to racial bias and mass incarceration within her text “The New Jim Crow”. Both Martin Luther King Jr.’s and Michelle Alexander’s text exhibit the brutality and social injustice that the African American community experiences, which ultimately expedites the mass incarceration of African American men, reflecting the current flawed prison system in the U.S. The American prison system is flawed in numerous ways as both King and Alexander points out. A significant flaw that was identified is the injustice of specifically targeting African American men for crimes due to the racial stereotypes formed as a result of racial formation. Racial formation is the accumulation of racial identities and categories that are formed, reconstructed, and abrogated throughout history.
The main factor in the crime scene was the reestablishment of the narcotics scene basically days after the storm hit. The reintroduction of Narcotics into a city that was practically shut down causing free reign for citizens that had criminal intentions. Unfortunately crime is usually partnered with violence and the violence rate, mostly black on black, also rose exponentially. With the rise of black on black violence after Katrina stereotypes developed which caused unwarranted speculation in cases dealing with the police department and black on black violence. Similar cases such as black on black violence and police on black violence that seem to be never ending spark anger and hate in the hearts of the African American race which has only turned into more crime and more violence.
(Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) The reason behind mass incarceration was due to the crack down on the deteriorating communities where the majority of minorities lived. Authors Scott Ehlers, Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg of Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes (2004) report that African Americans in prison because of the three strike law is higher per every 100,000 African American than Whites and Latinos in California. (U.S. Census Bureau
During his presidency, Congress ratified the 13th-Amendment that abolished slavery in 1865. In addition, President Johnson made contributions to the black people by vetoing bills that increased protection offered by Freedman Bureau. His vetoes also nullified the Black Codes and guaranteed full citizenship and equal rights to black people. This brought up the Civil Rights Act of 1866, an act that granted citizenships and same rights that both black and white enjoyed. As a result, the Civil Rights Act set up the basis for the 14th amendments that was also later ratified in 1866.
Frederick Douglass, a historic civil rights activist, was born into slavery and fortunately lived long enough to see it end. He may have outlived the enslavement however, equality and direct freedom was not a result of Americanized slavery’s extinction. Douglass lived his post slavery life during the time of Jim Crow laws, enforced segregation laws. He wrote a letter to an unknown recipient, briefing describing the negative impact these laws had on blacks. Although slavery was abolished, it was believed that the act on dominance still played a big part on how whites treated blacks and still does today.
The African-Americans in southern part of America were being discriminated by the white’s in the south. Having the intention of the white superiority African American were not given bathroom, but their bathroom is being marked, and colored with muddle. In the book of Jim Crow, I got to understand the structure of the book was about and the purpose of how blacks had to fear the white superiority. The consequence of the white superiority was pretty much on how to make blacks second-class social and economic, but not only that the white people did appreciate having black for around the state they live in. with this In mind radical racism etiquette of white superiority was beyond what was very disgusting of the humanity.