Poverty is defined as the state of having little to no money or the basic need to live. These needs can be shelter, food, health care, education, clothes etc. According to the Borgen Project, there is a serious concern of poverty in Central America. Central America consists of six countries, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama; all of them are considered developing countries, a country with low standard of living. Most of these countries have a minority of rich people, and a large group of people living in poverty.
As I think ‘poverty’ is something related to human beings and discarded from all the wants. Poverty Gap: Poverty is one of the biggest challenges in the global whereas it impacts particularly in Asia and Pacific region. Mainly the developing countries like: Nepal, Bhutan, Sri-Lanka, Bangladesh with some developed countries like China and India has facing poverty. As if compared to past decades, the rate of poverty has been declining gradually in the global. According to The World bank, in 2013, 10.7 percent of the world’s population lived on less than US$1.90 a day, compared to 12.4 percent in 2012.
The gap between men and women in poverty is far vaster in America than anywhere else. In 2007, 13.8 percent of females were poor compared to the 11.1 percent of men. Women living in high-income countries such as the United States give birth with the help of medical attention, but for low-income countries this is usually not the case. The Death Toll in poverty by race causes the population of many poor Americans to double 25 percent every year. There are a lot of drawbacks to those who have low-income such as housing stability and economic development.
The most of the poverty is present in Africa and in the countries of the Third World. In addition, a lot of children die in these countries because of disease or famine. According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. And they “die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth, far removed from the scrutiny and the conscience of the world. Being meek and weak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death“.
Majority of the world’s poor live in rural areas of developing countries and depend mainly on agriculture and related activities for their livelihood. About Seventy-five percent of the world’s people who live on one US dollar or less per day work and live in rural areas. They do not earn enough even to cover their food needs. Most importantly they are confronted with limited economic opportunities and underdeveloped markets beside a plethora of other socio-economic problems. Resource pressure and environmental degradation create additional challenges to rural communities and their livelihoods, exacerbating conflict prone situations and accelerating rural urban migration flows (World Bank, 2008).
When you make a list of problems a country faces, poverty is usually on the top half of that list. The economy of a country is like a human body, if there is a problem in one part, example, if you have a fever, you will get a headache, your body would be exhausted, you would probably have a blocked nose and a scratchy throat too. Same goes with poverty, when a countries poverty level is high, people do anything they can to get money. Whether its Prostitution or even joining a terrorist organization just to provide for themselves or their families, rob someone or kill someone. People would do anything to survive and that’s not all the poverty brings to the table, death rate of the country also rises, literacy rate decreases, etc.
Currently there are a few general areas where poverty is most common, some of which are Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America . The current incidence of poverty, or the current frequency of poverty, is about 14.5% as of 2011 according to The World Bank () and this percentage is based on the percentage of people at or below an income of $1.25 per day, which is considered to be the world poverty line. Africa has the largest incidence of poverty currently at 46.8%; this is largely due to their lack of industrialization and educational system, the vast amounts of rural communities, added to the years of warfare in those areas largely resulting from the causes of European colonialism and expansionism. Following Africa is Southeast Asia at 24.5% poverty in the population. This is due the the large amount of rural communities, similar to the structure found in Africa, which work on farming or in factories that pay little to nothing to keep cost down and industry in those countries booming for those who reap the benefits.
In this era of 21st century, poverty is still happening around the world despite the country is developed or less developed. There is no exact definition for poverty however World Bank defined poverty as inability of human affording the basic needs, such as clean water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. Besides, poverty is measured using the terms absolute and relative (UNESCO, 2015). Poverty is said the greatest threat to political stability in developing world because when a developing country is facing poverty, it may cause the social tensions among the people in the country to increase and then threaten the country stability. Furthermore, the effects of poverty are said interrelated as they do not occur alone.
The economic condition of an average individual is very pitiable. Poverty; hunger and unemployment upset a large section of population. The causes of poverty are quite clear and known. Causes of Poverty: Government is not well aware of present conditions of country. When they implement useless then as a result get less effective outcomes.