Thomas Hobbes in his book “Leviathan” argues that an absolute monarchy is the best form of government. He provided several reasonings in defending his views; laws obeyed, the interest of the people achieved, consistent laws and social utility maximized. In this paper, I will look at the advantages and disadvantages of having a monarchy, and I will support his argument that monarchy is necessary for society and why it is the best form of government. In a monarchy, the sovereign can be self-motivated, and Hobbes agrees that the self-interest motivates a monarch just like everyone else leading to corruption and unfair distribution of wealth in a society. Hobbes asserts “when the public interest happens to conflict with the private, he usually
“Also during this period, Johannes Gutenberg invented a functioning printing press that allowed books, including Bibles, to be printed at a faster rate thereby making them more available, cheaper, and accessible.” (The Church in Moral Crisis: Prelude to the Reformation) Gutenberg’s printing press allowed cultural diffusion to happen at a quicker rate. Cultures mixed and literature was spread quickly, allowing books like the Bible to be accessed easily. Without Gutenberg’s printing press, books would not be so common and the way learning in schools is today would change drastically. “Gutenberg 's printing technology quickly spread from Mainz to Subiaco in Italy (1465), Paris (1470), and London (1476). By the beginning of the 16th century, there were approximately 240 printing shops in Europe.” (The Spread of Printing).
English and French both had a type of government that they didn't like either and they just wanted to change it. These two wanted to change their government instead of being like Latin America and America and get rid of it completely. The English Revolution emphasized the idea of natural rights and having a selfish leader should be different. The idea of natural rights is from John Locke and having a selfish is from Thomas Hobbes. The American Revolution emphasized the idea of Montesquieu.
This also led to conflict with the Catholics church and is one of the causes that sparked the Reformation. Humanism is still seen today and has changed Europe drastically. The Renaissance marked a new era with advances in art, science, architecture and mathematics as well as the rebirth of classical culture. The Renaissance has brought a new wave of artists, inventors and scientists that have expanded our knowledge. Humanism is one of the most important factors that has shaped our modern
But then Johannes Gutenberg came around and invented the printing press. It was a more efficient way of printing (but not as efficient as today 's printer!). It was, in fact, one of the most influential inventions of the time! It impacted the output of ideas, religion, and allowed a new way for text and picture to be produced. The first impact mention was the output of ideas; ideas being literature, maps and discoveries, schoo studies, and things of that sort.
Many Enlightenment thinkers and philosophers tried to bring reforms to governments during the 1600s and 1700s. Those new ideas and thoughts brought huge impact and development mostly on Europe, but they also influenced a lot in other parts of the world such as United Sates. Enlightenment thinkers and philosophers such as John Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Adam Smith inspired many people to think in a new ways, challenging traditional
This is important because the way a ruler treats his subjects strongly affects how much influence he has over them. Over history, wars have been started over the public's disagreements with rulers, and if they only took the time to discover what makes a good ruler, the catastrophes might have been avoided altogether. After all, a good ruler can be the difference between prospering life and bloody
The evidence of why Bee was unjust is because the pastor was breaking the law of that system, which specifically stated that the Shouter Baptist religion is not to be practiced by any people under the British colony. Sandel wrote a book about justice and he explains that “laws cannot banish greed, but they can at least restrain its most brazen expression, and signal society’s disapproval of it” (Sandel pg 8). According to Sandel, the laws are made by the community and it is the community’s decision to judge on what actions are just or unjust. The advantage of having laws is that it gives the people structure in a community, but the disadvantage of having laws is that it could potentially ruin people’s freedom. In the Wine of Astonishment, the villagers in Bonasse were banned from practicing their own religion because of the laws of the Crown Colony system.
Building on the previous point made about his perception of human passions being the main tool in the decision making process, Hobbes argues that individuals’ decision to enter society and ensure security is based on the ultimate aversion. It is more predominant than the ultimate appetite, so the fear of death is greater than the greed for power and a social contract is made where all men lose some of their individual power and submit their rights to the sovereign who therefore has the ultimate power in the society. This vast amount of power given to him by the people is very effective in making laws by which he doesn’t abide. In a society, everyone has to only obey and fear the sovereign now, which provides security to the people by protecting them from each other and creating a sense of trust among them. Since all decisions are made by one sovereign, this kind of structure enables immediate decision making and resembles an absolute monarchy, the most effective government regime according to
In the Authoritarian style of government on the other hand, has many benefits, advantages and like any other type of government, has its own disadvantages and weaknesses. I remember in our previous discussions, we talked about Hobbes’ state of nature which states that a person is naturally selfish and that without a government, there would be total chaos so in result, man agrees to be a part of a government. In this sense, man would agree to be under that government and would agree to be served. It is not assured that there would not be chaos if one joins a government but through this form of government, war would be lessened – and it could be render void. Under this type of government, there are benefits and advantages as well as restrictions.
Yes, we can label this as true Renaissance because many of the subjects and ideas that mostly disappear or people did not pay any more attention to was reawaking during the Renaissance. Which led to many enhancements, for example, people were not only becoming more educated, but they were also able to expand their knowledge and come up with ideas that have made differences. After the Renaissance, Charlemagne desire to have educated people in his empire became a reality, thanks to him his people are more sophisticated and more educated than when he just became their
Thomas Jefferson’s works and ideas laid the foundation for several key aspects on the limits of the United States government, the idea of separation of church and state, and the importance of personal rights. Jefferson wrote many influential pieces of literature which pushed the concept of having limited government power. Jefferson wanted America not to be like the European monarchies that fell due to religious strife, so he emphasized a secular government. Jefferson, following closely with the ideas of John Locke, stressed the importance of the protection of individual rights against the government. Thomas Jefferson believed that a government should have limitations.
The Anti-Federalists that opposed the constitution believed that the constitution would give too much power to the government. The Anti-Federalists argued that a powerful government would become tyrannical like the British monarchy that they worked so hard to escape from. This led them to create The Bill of Rights. Today’s government has similar problems. Nowadays some politicians believe that The Bill of Rights is a living document that can be changed or manipulated to “better fit” the era that we live in.
The Fourth Amendment fixed this by prohibiting unreasonable searches and seizures, and required officials to provide probable cause when requesting a warrant from a judge. The Declaratory Act was a huge is an example of the lack of freedom that they had while under British rule. It establish that the Parliament had the right to pass laws for the colonies, which was a major reminder that the Parliament believed to be much more superior, and didn’t care as to what rights they were violating because in their view, the colonists didn’t have any. The framers learned that an authoritarian
Their basic liberties and Constitutional rights were stripped (Denn, Benjamin. "Japanese-American Rights in Regard to Internment”, iamanamerican.weebly.com ). For instance, any Japanese suspected of espionage were arrested and detained without a trial, clearly violating due process and the seventh amendment of the United States constitution(Denn, Benjamin, iamanamerican.weebly.com ). In addition, their homes were raided by the FBI, and many of their possessions were confiscated, therefore violating the fourth amendment(Denn, Benjamin, iamanamerican.weebly.com ). Their Religion, Shintoism, was suppressed, conditions in the camps were horrible, Japanese Americans were denied the right to vote, and could not even speak (Denn, Benjamin, iamanamerican.weebly.com ).