Nickel Research Paper

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Nickel

Basic Information:

-Symbol = Ni

-Atomic Number = 28

-Atomic Mass = 58.69789

-Isotopes:

-58(68.27 percent)

-60(26.10 percent)

-Group Name = Transition Metals

-Group = 10

-Electron Configuration = 1s2 2s2 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d8

Physical Properties:

Nickel is a silvery, lustrous white metal that is very tough ( it is even harder than iron) and has a shiny polish on top. It can conduct electricity, and its melting point is 1455 degrees celsius and its boiling point is 2913 degrees celsius. Also, the density of this metal is 8.9 g/cm3 and at room temperature, this metal is a solid . Nickel is also extremely ductile because you can create 300 km worth of wire from just one kilogram of nickel. The reason why it is so ductile is
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Nickel Oxide is a light green powder that cannot dissolve in water and is used to make glass greenish. It is also used to dye ceramics and is used in forming many alloys. Inhaling this substance can cause lung cancer and other serious effects.

- When Nickel metal reacts with Hydrochloric acid, it forms Nickel dichloride (NiCl2) which is for electroplating

-Nickel tetracarbonyl (Ni(CO)4) was discovered by Luidwig Mond when he was trying to find a way to isolate nickel the metal. This substance is very toxic at room temperature but when it is heated, it turns back to nickel and carbon monoxide

-Nickel(II) Sulfate (NiSO4(H2O)6 ) is made when Nickel metal or its oxides are dissolved into sulfuric acid. It is a blue substance and is used to electroplate Nickel onto other metals and is also used to make other Nickel compounds

-Nickel (II) Hydroxide (Ni(OH)2 ) is a light green solid that does not dissolve in water, but it does dissolve in acids. It can be made when a base reacts with nickel chloride. Nickel Hydroxide is used in rechargeable batteries such as the Nickel-Cadmium

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