In now days, many people do not know what does the word “happiness” means or feels, some people may think it is when they are in a good mood or when something happens and they feel very good about it. Aristotle said: "Every man has a right to be happy because happiness lies in the leisure spirit.” To get there people must have pass through a bad time or situation because happiness is where there is virtue and true effort, because life is not a game. Being honest, I had never seen happiness from a point of view as clear as Aristotle did. Happiness is a subject that has preoccupied man since its inception, and in the same way, to philosophy. Happiness is a close to society and therefore very important issue. Aristotle in his “Nicomachean Ethics” presents the idea that the end of man is happiness and how people should lead a "good life". Happiness consists in the exercise of the activity of man. Such activity is none other than the soul and to be perfect must be accompanied by the virtues. Towards the end of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle stated the activity of the man and what gave him greatest happiness was the contemplative life. Aristotle defines happiness as a supreme good, because only by being happy, the fullness of life is reached, but to reach that fullness people should give the best of each, to fully exploit all the potential, but in a …show more content…
All acts are linked with the ability to reason, but sometimes there are people who are driven by feelings and passions and act instinctively to achieve something more. Aristotle said that a happy man is one who has everything he needs, to develop their full potential, and the development of the potential is that it manages to achieve full happiness, this means that a happy man is one who does not want anything more of what he has already and focuses more on the rational part than on the
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Not many achieve happiness in their lifetime. Either they do not live long enough to witness it or they are not prepared for what their happiness is. Happiness is very subjective. Each person’s version of happiness is different. This version of happiness is universal.
At the end of everyone’s lives, the goal appears to be about attaining happiness. Describing how to obtain happiness has been an issue that was debated in the past but is still talked about now . In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle expands on his view of happiness and he focuses particularly on how reason helps recognize and pursue what will lead to happiness and the good life. I feel that Aristotle’s philosophies on happiness are important works within the field of philosophy and he considered one of the………of it . In this paper, I will explore Aristotle’s beliefs regarding happiness then compare and contrast them to those of Martin Seligman.
Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (Virtue Ethics) In this ethical theory, Aristotle stresses that all activities that humans make, aim to come to an ends that we consider to be good. Most of the activities are the means to an even higher end. The highest human good that we aim for is happiness, which is done for our own personal sake. It is said that one will attain happiness by leading a virtuous life, developing reason, and theoretical wisdom.
Aristotle states you achieve happiness in many sorts of ways such as carpenters building a home, or an architect designing a building. Happiness relates to virtue because in order to be happy one must live a virtuous life by living in accordance to the given mean such as studying for a test although there is a party that night. Within Book II he explains how there are certain conditions which must be met in order for actions to be virtuous such as actions done knowingly, chosen for their own sake, they arise from a steady state of the soul, and they arise from a steady state of the character itself. For example one can not only make a courageous act thinking “s/he” will benefit from the action, they must do it because it will make them feel happy.
Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics is a compilation of books, or scrolls, designed to be an all-encompassing work on ethical goals, and how they may be achieved. In the work, Aristotle lays out a position uncommon in ethics, which doesn’t directly take into account the moral standing or concern of others, but places emphasis on one’s own happiness, a position akin to egoism. This position is defended by Aristotle in his stating that happiness is the primary goal in life in the same way that victory is the end goal in strategy and healthfulness is the goal of practicing medicine. But what is happiness, and how might one achieve it?
The beliefs that Aristotle had about happiness are very different from the contemporary beliefs on happiness. Aristotle believed that in order to be happy one must be living and doing well, which he referred to as eudaemonia. He believed that bodily pleasure was suitable enough to keep humans happy. In our modern day society people will still probably say that happiness is living well, but they believe that you achieve that trough material objects. Aristotle believed that in order for humans to flourish they needed to nurture the mind and the body because ultimately is one is not physically or mentally well they will not be able to sustain happiness.
Aristotle claims that activity is easier in groups and among friends. This recalls the idea that happiness is an activity of “soul exhibiting virtue” introduced in Book I.8 (1098a). In Book IX.9, Aristotle explains how friends provide an occasion to be active and how that action becomes in itself pleasurable among friends because we are pleased by seeing virtue. He compares the pleasure we feel by witnessing virtue to the pleasure a musician enjoys beautiful music. This is important to his argument because in Book I.8 he stresses that a good man ought to delight in virtuous activity.
Our happiness is dependant on the choices we make. Aristotle then explains how our choices are determined by our character or ethos. However, this does not mean that the ethics help determine right from wrong, but more shows us how to live a virtuous and happy life. This happiness for Aristotle expands far beyond just the personal sphere, but extends into the group or
In the reading, “Virtue," Aristotle argues that humans ultimately want to live a happy and well-lived life (pp. 310-311), and the main way humans achieve this is through virtue (pp. 311-312), which serves as a mean to the extremes of excess and the extreme of deficiency (pp. 315-317). One of the author’s main reasons to support his view is that human happiness is the highest good for all people, but the definition as to what happiness is varies (pp. 310). Aristotle considers virtue an activity of the soul, as it is the means of obtaining happiness (pp.312). Another main reason Aristotle presents to support his view is that people look at those who live a good, virtuous life and emulate those virtuous acts so they too could live a well-lived
As previously stated, Aristotle offers no specific formula to achieve this happiness. He does however assert that the highest “good” one can obtain in life is happiness. He makes this clear by explaining that happiness is never pursued for the sake of something else, everything else in life is pursued for the sake of happiness, “So happiness appears to be something complete and self-sufficient, it being an end to our actions” (Aristotle pg. 12 lines 20-21). This happiness he describes is deeper than just the pleasures of wealth, sex, self-indulgence, or anything else in life that provides temporary pleasure.
Aristotle states that being happy and living a good life is our end goal (our purpose as humans). Through the choices, we make to find the mean we then avoid the bad choices which are the "too little" or "too much". The good choices we make lead us to live well. Therefore one can conclude that developing good habits and good moral virtues lead us to obtain what we need and all that is good for us, whereas the bad habits may lead us to what we want but don't necessarily need. Aristotle states that too much pleasure is not the same as happiness and that pleasure can go away but having the right mean leads us to a balanced life and thus living a good life and being virtuous.
Aristotle, on the other hand, had a much more positive outlook on the applicability of his political theory. In many ways, his ideal ideology would look much like Plato’s, although with a more guided and empirical approach. Aristotle, like Plato, argued that the state was not only necessary, but essential to the happiness of its people, because the state was the only means by which the city could achieve happiness. According to Aristotle, “the best good is apparently something complete” and likewise, that “happiness more than anything else seems complete without qualification” (Nicomachean Ethics, 205) and “everyone aims at living well and at happiness” (Politics, 315). Furthermore, he argued that “happiness is an activity of the soul expressing
According to Aristotle, an individual can achieve happiness only by realizing all the works and activities in accordance with reason throughout his lifetime. He claimed that happiness consists in cultivating and exercising virtue and it is the ultimate purpose of human existence, as stated in his work Nicomachean Ethics “He is happy who lives in accordance with complete virtue and is sufficiently equipped with external goods, not for some chance period but throughout a complete life”. However, such Aristotelian concept of happiness inevitably contradicts the understanding of history as development which maintains that fulfilling the work of human exceeds the limits of an individual and thus can only be achieved in the course of history. Three