Nietzsche And Socratism Analysis

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In the previous section we saw that, according to Wagner, true art comes as an expression of life at its fullest. Accordingly, this is possible only if certain conditions are met: not just any form-of-life is capable of producing true art, insofar as we do not necessarily express existence in its full potential . In this, Wagner is influenced by Schopenhauer, expecially as he conceives art as the product of our Anschaungsvermögen. This concept designates both the human drive to create art, as well as the intuitive faculty that allows us to grasp the metaphysical Ur-eine . An existence capable of producing true art is one which cultivates and exercises this faculty. Nietzsche himself agrees with this view, although he eventually sides with…show more content…
In this respect, morality and Socratism are the expressions of a vital drive analogous to those which give birth to the figures of Apollo and Dionysus, as they are both connected to the metaphysical inquiry into the nature of things. Still, the Socratic worldview fails in seeing its dependency and connections to these drives, and thus fails to see its connection to life and its irrational kernel . According to Nietzsche, this mindset is the result of a pathology, as it gives too much merit to appearances while it excludes the Will from its view, making the former absolute and arranging them in a rational but insincere way. Socratism is then made of the same substance of the drives which inspire tragedy insofar as it is an expression of life, but, in both a literal and a metaphysical sense, it is the result of a sick form of this substance – it presents a metaphysical view of reality, just like art, but at the same time causes life to retreat within the safe walls of reasonableness, as by contrast art pushes the person to transcend them . In some respect, we can see here one of the seeds of Nietzsche’s later intuitions, and I believe there is no harm in employing them to elucidate this point. For example, in Beyond Good and Evil (from here on BGE), morality is described as a perspective which produces a narrowing of one’s own horizon. Morality, far from telling the truth about the world, is simply an expression of good faith toward the moral view of a particular group. Therefore, all that moralists do is in fact to argue in favour of a perspective which is grounded on their own prejudice and seeks secretly to confirm them

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