Even animals are in a better condition than us, because their suffering is not exacerbated by ambition and reflection. In the last third of this essay, Schopenhauer presents his thoughts on the origin and organization of our world as explained by Hinduism, Buddhism, the ancient Greeks, Judaism, and Christianity. This is where I found several factual flaws, and at the same time several surprisingly Biblical claims in Schopenhauer’s arguments. He begins by denouncing Judaism, saying that an all-benevolent God would not create a world full of misery. But according to the book of Genesis, the Garden of Eden, where man lived before the Fall, was essentially paradise on Earth.
Putting it differently, there is no valid excuse for ending a life. After all, Christianity gives meaning and purpose for all suffering and pain; man is not just a material machine, he has the spiritual essence present in him that distinguishes man from matter. Therefore, the first way in which Christians live a spiritual life through religion is by giving life with all its pains value and a higher
In contrast to justification, the Law is observed by works. The harsh realization of the Law is found in the inability of someone to live by and carry out the mandates it presents. Evaluation of definitions requires research to justification’s ability to replace the Law. Paul plainly rejects this notion, declaring the Law is not replaced and explains that if had not been for the Law he would not have fully know what was sin (Rom.
Friedrich Nietzsche a German philosopher was one of them. His style of writing looked like it did not question Kant directly at first look, but when one reads it further Nietzsche has critiqued the foundation of Kant’s theory of morality and faith in clear and concise paragraphs (Perry, p. 685). This paper highlights Immanuel Kant’s theory of reason to support the period of Enlightenment, which will be critiqued by Friedrich Nietzsche’s who would counter- enlightenment by challenging the foundations of Kant’s theory of reason through self- realization. As Nietzsche believes that intelligence is internalized resentment towards oneself, and reflects positivity, in reality, values of strength and laughter. According to me, Nietzsche’s arguments against Kantian universal reason stand strong with his ideology of will to
Other Christians argue against this behavior on the basis of Romans 13: “Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except which God has established” (Romans 13:1). Part of being a Christian in the political world is having to find consensus between these two arguments, each individual finding themselves somewhere unique on the
We can say the same about science and evolution and counter argue the reason of God bringing his son down for forgiving our sins. Not everything that is man made, it correct, not saying religion is
In Emerson's views, people should “not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail”(citation). Based on Emerson’s thoughts, people should not follow the crowd, but instead live their lives and leave their mark on the Earth. Emerson thoughts come from a philosophical movement of the nineteenth century called transcendentalism. Transcendentalism focuses on religious renewal, literary innovation, and social transformation (encyclopedia.com). Because of their belief that God exists in everyone and nature, and that knowledge comes from individual intuition, led to the highlight of individualism, self-reliance, and breaking free from traditions(citation).
Between his worldwide travels and his persecution at the hands of the Nazi party, he experienced some of the most difficult trials any human could reasonably expect to face. While his case is an extreme one, it goes to prove his idea that Grace is not something that should come easily. Grace, which in a religious sense is understood to mean the unmerited favor of God, is one of the great gifts associated with being Christian . Bonhoeffer’s correct view is that cheap grace represents an attempt to reap the benefits of Christianity without bearing the costs of being a disciple of Christ, which means, “Cheap grace therefore amounts to a denial of the living Word of God.” Bonhoeffer correctly identifies that grace without the costs of discipleship is worthless, because costly grace, “calls us to follow, and it is grace because it calls us to follow Jesus Christ.
God’s image doesn’t come lightly with humanity (Gen. 1:26-27) we as people should automatically receive the knowing of Gods moral law. (Rom. 2:14-15). We as people have the option on whether or not they want to believe in God and to respect his moral law, but in denying Him, they lose the ability to ground an objective moral law in something that transcends the physical universe. Robin Schumacher “What is Moral Relativism” Sept
In subjective truth, there is persistent striving wherein all competition and finality will be postponed, which is in opposition to Hegel’s idea that one can reach a point wherein they are complete. Kierkegaard’s criticism of objective truth is a critique of existentially detached thinking as he holds that to be abstract/absent minded, means there is no ethics. Despite his high regard for subjective truth, he does not deny truths of logic and mathematics as he does not refer to experiential subjectivity, rather he speaks exclusively of religious truths or existential subjectivity. Furthermore, even with regard to ethics and religion, he is not a subjectivist as he does not claim that religious truth is subjective in a relativistic way for his notion of subjectivity relates more to existential action rather than individual perception.
Thomas responded, “Yes, except for Job and Psalms 15. These two are real out of the entire bible and this is because it conveys the idea of God through his creation instead of his word. For Nature speaks a universal language that any man, woman, or child can read to learn about God and his salvation. This language can’t be faked or changed as it fits the human. this language eliminates the need for the missionaries, because all humans have it where every they go.”
In my opinion when Nietzsche speaks of God being dead, he is stating that the people of his time could no longer believe in a supernatural creator who judges the world. We would use this figure of God to decide our lives for us and that to Nietzsche would be the opposite of living a life of authenticity. Instead we must abandon the idea of a God morality and come up with a human morality, that enable us to be capable of making ethical choices. This God figure had always been the basis for humanity’s ethical beliefs but with a cultural shift into rationalism and science, people have abandoned the idea that a God is the only way for them to determine right from wrong. Nietzsche wanted people of his time to move past the image of an all-knowing
Kate Chopin stood as a feminist icon at the turn of the nineteenth century with feminism running rampant through her short stories. In The Awakening, Edna Pontellier is often seen as the ideal feminist, due to her sought out independence from her husband and her family. Often readers overlook Madame Adele Ratignolle as a feminist because she is thought to be the perfect mother and wife, unlike Edna as she separates herself from her family in search of a personal awakening in a way that would be seen as selfish. The reader is led to believe that Adele is the complete opposite of Edna because she is the “mother-woman” of the story. Madame Adele is not perfect by any means; regardless of what stereotype the narrator tries to place her in.
Great observation, I’m surprised you chose the Virginia colony because of their location of being in the south and through my reading and research; I found the south to be a cruel place for a slave. The southern colonies had extreme tough slave code laws as the Northern colonies were more lenient. I stated in my discussion, in the south, the slave population was outweighing the north and as it was stated in the text, slavery that developed in the southern colonies became almost standard (Reich, 2011, p. 124). The state of Virginia pride was tobacco and they need workers to work their plantations and even though Indenture servants existed during this period, they were viewed as being more of financial burdens the African American slaves.
In all of the stories, they all wanted something weather it was finding love, or surviving very desperate circumstances. For example, Aengus was determined to find love even if this was a lifelong quest. Galarza face challenges in new country, and learn a new language. Johnson had to raise a family, and try to accomplish her goal of a business. However, all three had shared an ability to endure hardship, undertake their mission, and to accomplish their goals.